Painan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Painan
Subdistrict
Country Indonesia Indonesia
Province Template:Sealicon West Sumatra
Regency Template:Sealicon South Pesisir
Government
 • Camat -
Population
 • Total 15,000 (estimated)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)

Painan is a coastal town that serves as the capital of the South Pesisir regency of West Sumatra, Indonesia.

History

There is no certain historical document or archive that holds the origin of the town's name. According to the local folklore, the name 'Painan' is originated from paik nian, which means "very bitter" in bahasa Minangkabau, the language of the Minangkabau people who lives in the area. The phrase paik nian itself might refer to how difficult the life of the town's local people in the past. It is might also reflect the fact that the town's topography (surrounded by hills and rivers) caused this place to be difficult to traverse by travelers.

This coastal town became an important place during Indonesia's colonial period since 1663 when the Dutch, via the Dutch East India Company set-up a trading post in Pulau Cingkuk (Cingkuk Island), one of many islands that are located offshore the town, as documented in the "Perjanjian Painan" or 'Painan Treaty'. Through the treaty, the local chiefs of West Coast of Sumatra were also bound themselves to supply pepper and gold to the Dutch.[1]

Economy

Nowadays, as the capital of South Pesisir regency, this town is the center of economic activities of the regency. According to the regency's website, this town's main economic activities lies on farming, fishery, and tourism.[2]

Education

Painan has 4 Kindergartens and 2 Play Groups. It also has 9 Primary schools, 2 Junior High schools, 1 Senior High school, 1 Public High school and 1 University.

Administration

Painan is divide into 4 administrative village or kelurahan :

  1. East Painan
  2. North Painan
  3. South Painan
  4. Sungai Nipah

Tourism

Paragliding from Painan's Langkisau Hill
Jembatan akar, a tourist attraction near Painan

These are several tourist attractions in Painan :

  1. Paragliding from the town's Langkisau Hill
  2. Panorama of the Kabung Bay Hills .
  3. Taratak River in Lundang
  4. Mandeh Tourism Area
  5. Batu Kalang Beach and the Gulf Coast Sikulo
  6. Jembatan akar or "Tree-Root Bridge", a bridge that forms from the fabric of the root from two trees that grow across and extends over a stream
  7. Bayang Sani Waterfalls (also known as Welkum, a former Dutch era bathhouse)
  8. Lumpo Waterfall
  9. Langkisau Hill (sights and paragliding)
  10. Carocok Beach
  11. Timbulun Waterfall
  12. Salido Kecil (a famous gold mine during the era of Dutch East Indies)
  13. Nipah River shore
  14. Cingkuk Island (Site of the ruin of a Portuguese-Dutch fort)
  15. Kerabak Island
  16. Turtle Island
  17. Teluk Kasai Beach

Notes

  1. ^ Bulbeck, David (1998). Southeast Asian Exports Since the 14th Century: Cloves, Pepper, Coffee and Sugar. Singapore: ISEAS. pp. 81–82. ISBN 9789813055674. 
  2. ^ http://www.pesisirselatan.go.id

External links

  • http://int-mark.blogspot.com/2009/03/kota-painan-kota-rang-pasisia.html
  • http://kotapainan.blogspot.com/2008/12/kota-painan.html
  • http://www.pesisirselatan.go.id
  • http://wawasanislam.wordpress.com/2008/05/29/salido-sejak-kerjaan-lumbung-ameh/

Coordinates: 1°21′4″S 100°34′32″E / 1.35111°S 100.57556°E / -1.35111; 100.57556

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Painan&oldid=813279353"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Painan
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Painan"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA