Paengmu Line

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Paengmu Line
Overview
Native name 백무선(白茂線)
Type Heavy rail, Regional rail
Status Operational
Locale Ryanggang,
North Hamgyŏng
Termini Paegam
Musan
Stations 28
Operation
Opened Stages between 1934-1944
Owner Korean State Railway
Operator(s) Korean State Railway
Technical
Line length 191.7 km (119.1 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 762 mm (2 ft 6 in)
Electrification 3000 V DC Catenary
(Paegam Ch'ŏngnyŏn – Yugok)
Route map
Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line
0.0 Paegam Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line
6.6 Taet'aek
11.9 Pukkyesu
Sangdonae
Sŏdusu
24.2 Tonae
29.2 Sanghwangt'o
Sŏdusu
33.8 San'yangdae
Sŏdusu
40.5 Sŏdu
47.1 Yŏnp'yŏng
Sŏdusu
Yŏnsu
Sŏgyesu
55.9 Yŏn'am
58.4 Kulsong
63.5 Sangdan Closed
68.6 Samsa Closed
reservoir of Paektusan Sŏn'gun
Youth Power Station
77.4 Ch'ŏnsu
Hwangt'oamsu
86.0 Hahwangt'o
Hwangt'oamsu
90.1 Sanggyŏngpyŏng
Hwangt'oamsu
Wŏnbong Reservoir causeway
96.1 Hagyŏngpyŏng Closed
100.5 Yup'yŏngdong Closed
111.0 Yugok
Paegam-gun/Yŏnsa-gun
switchback
117.4 Rajŏk
126.9 Samyu
129.5 Sodo
136.8 Yŏnsa
143.4 Hambuk Sinjang Closed
Yŏnmyŏnsu
150.1 Yŏnsu
Yŏnmyŏnsu
Yŏnmyŏnsu
Yŏnsa-gun/Musan-gun
Yŏnmyŏnsu
158.4 Tuam
Oroch'ŏn
164.8 Yŏnsang
174.1 Hŭngam
181.2 Namch'on
186.0 Dokso Closed
Musan Line
191.7 Musan
Musan Line
Paengmu Line
Chosŏn'gŭl 백무선
Hancha
Revised Romanization Baekmuseon
McCune–Reischauer Paengmusŏn

The Paengmu Line is a partially electrified narrow gauge line of the Korean State Railway running from Paegam on the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line to Musan on the Musan Line, in the Ryanggang and North Hamgyŏng provinces of North Korea.[1] The electrified section originally ran 111 km (69 mi) from Paegam Ch'ŏngnyŏn station to Yugok, whence the remaining 80.7 km (50.1 mi) to the terminus at Musan remained unelectrified. Since the closure of part of the line due to the construction of a reservoir, the line has been split into two disconnected sections, the electrified Paegam—Kulsong and the non-electrified Ch'ŏnsu—Musan sections. The section from Paegam to Taet'aek was converted to standard gauge in 2013.

History

In 1927, the Government-General of Korea formulated a "12-Year Plan for Chosen Railways", under which the railway network of the Korean Peninsula was to be greatly expanded.[2] Although not part of that 12-year plan, it was decided to build the Paengmu Line for the transport of forest products and to aid in the development of the area. Construction was started at Paegam station by the Chosen Government Railway on 16 November 1932,[3] and the first section, from Paegam to San'yangdae, was opened in September 1934.[4] The line was extended to Yŏn'am in September of the following year[5] and to Yup'yŏngdong in October 1936. Service on the Yup'yŏngdong—Yŏnsa section began in October 1939,[6] but the final section to Musan, connecting the line to the Musan Line, was completed only in December 1944.

The names of several stations were changed following the establishment of the DPRK, with Paegam Station becoming Paegam Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station, Hambuk Sinjang Station becoming Sinjang Station (this station was subsequently closed), Hambuk Mun'am Station becoming Tuam Station, and Sinyang Station becoming Samyu Station. Electrification of the section from Paegam to Yugok was completed in August 1991.[7]

Construction of the reservoir of the Paektusan Sŏngun Youth Power Station led to the flooding of part of the line,[8] resulting in the closure of the section between Ch'ŏnsu and Kulsong; since the closure, the line is electrified only between Paegam and Kulsong. The Paegam—Taet'aek section was converted to standard gauge in 2013.[8]

Construction of the line took place as follows:

Date Section Length
1 September 1934 Paegam (Paegam Ch'ŏngnyŏn)–San'yangdae[9] 33.8 km (21.0 mi)
1 September 1935 San'yangdae–Yŏn'am[10] 22.1 km (13.7 mi)
16 October 1936 Yŏn'am-Yup'yŏngdong[11] 44.6 km (27.7 mi)
1 October 1939 Yup'yŏngdong–Yŏnsa[12] 36.3 km (22.6 mi)
1 December 1944 Yŏnsa–Musan[13] 54.9 km (34.1 mi)

List of Stations

An orange background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified narrow-gauge; a pink background indicates that section is electrified narrow gauge. The Paegam—Taet'aek section is electrified standard gauge.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
0.0 Paegam Ch'ŏngnyŏn 백암청년 Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line
6.6 Taet'aek 대택
11.9 Pukkyesu 북계수
Sangdonae 상도내
24.2 Tonae 도내
29.2 Sanghwangt'o 상황토
33.8 Sanyangdae 산양대
40.5 Sŏdu 서두
47.1 Yŏnp'yŏng 연평
55.9 Yŏn'am 연암
58.4 Kulsong 굴송
63.5 Sangdan 상단
68.6 Samsa 삼사
77.4 Ch'ŏnsu 천수
86.0 Hahwangt'o 하황토
90.1 Sanggyŏngp'yŏng 상경평
100.5 Yup'yŏngdong 유평동
111.0 Yugok 유곡
117.4 Rajŏk 라적
126.9 Samyu 삼유
129.5 Sodo 소도
136.8 Yŏnsa 연사
150.1 Yŏnsu 연수
158.4 Tuam 두암
164.8 Yŏnsang 연상
174.1 Hŭngam 흥암
181.2 Namch'on 남촌
191.7 Musan 무산 Musan Line

References

  1. ^ Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ I, Yongsang et al, 한국 철도의 역사와 발전 II (Hanguk Ch'ŏldoŭi Yŏksawa Paljŏn), BG Book Gallery, Seoul, p. 49. ISBN 9788964950531
  3. ^ Korail, 철도주요연표(The Principal Chronicle of the Korean Railway) 2010, 2010
  4. ^ http://newslibrary.naver.com/viewer/index.nhn?articleId=1934083000209102001&edtNo=2&printCount=1&publishDate=1934-08-30&officeId=00020&pageNo=2&printNo=4932&publishType=00010 백두산 밑으로! 무산선 일부 개주(開週), 《동아일보》, 1934.08.30.
  5. ^ http://newslibrary.naver.com/viewer/index.nhn?articleId=1935081600209202017&editNo=2&printCount=1&publishDate=1935-08-16&officeId=00020&pageNo=2&printNo=5283&publishType=00020 백무, 혜산 양선(兩線) 구월부터 개업, 《동아일보》, 1935.08.16.
  6. ^ http://newslibrary.naver.com/viewer/index.nhn?articleId=1939091400209102022&edtNo=2&printCount=1&publishDate=1939-09-14&officeId=00020&pageNo=2&printNo=6490&publishType=00010 유평→연사간 시월부터개통, 《동아일보》, 1939.09.14.
  7. ^ 조선향토대백과, 2008.
  8. ^ a b https://www.nknews.org/2013/10/three-new-north-korean-railway-updates/ Three New North Korean Railway Updates, Curtis Melvin, 8 October 2013
  9. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 2277, 11 August 1934
  10. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 2583, 21 August 1935
  11. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 2922, 8 October 1936
  12. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 3795, 12 September 1939
  13. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 5345, 28 November 1944
  • Japanese Government Railways (1937), 鉄道停車場一覧. 昭和12年10月1日現在(The List of the Stations as of 1 October 1937), Kawaguchi Printing Company, Tokyo, pp 502–503

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