Pad thai

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Pad thai
Phat Thai kung Chang Khien street stall.jpg
Pad thai from a street stall in Chiang Mai
Alternative names phad thai, phat thai (also with the capitalized T)
Type Rice noodles
Place of origin Thailand
Associated national cuisine Thai
Serving temperature Hot
Main ingredients Dried rice noodles, eggs, tofu, tamarind pulp, fish sauce, dried or fresh shrimp, garlic or shallots, red chili pepper, palm sugar, lime, peanuts
Cookbook: Pad thai  Media: Pad thai

Pad thai[1][2] or phad thai[2] (/ˌpɑːd ˈt/ or /ˌpæd ˈt/;[1][2] Thai: ผัดไทย, rtgsphat thai, ISO: p̄hạdịthy, pronounced [pʰàt tʰāj], "fried Thai style") is a stir-fried rice noodle dish commonly served as a street food and at casual local eateries in Thailand. It is made with soaked dried rice noodles, which are stir-fried with eggs and chopped firm tofu, and flavored with tamarind pulp, fish sauce (nampla, น้ำปลา), dried shrimp, garlic or shallots, red chili pepper and palm sugar, and served with lime wedges and often chopped roast peanuts.[3] It may also contain other vegetables like bean sprouts, garlic chives, coriander leaves, pickled radishes or turnips (hua chaipo, หัวไชโป๊), and raw banana flowers. It may also contain fresh shrimp, crab, squid, chicken or other proteins. Many of the ingredients are provided on the side as condiments such as the red chili pepper, lime wedges, roasted peanuts, bean sprouts and other miscellaneous fresh vegetables[4]. Vegetarian versions may substitute soy sauce for the fish sauce and omit the shrimp.

History

A dish of stir-fried rice noodles is thought by some to have been introduced to Ayutthaya during the time of the Ayutthaya Kingdom by Chinese traders,[5][6] and subsequently altered to reflect Thai flavor profiles.[6] Others believe that the dish is of Vietnamese origin,[7] and the etymology of the dish's name suggests it.[8][9][10]

During World War II, Thailand suffered a rice shortage due to the war and floods. To reduce domestic rice consumption, the Thai government under prime minister Plaek Phibunsongkhram promoted people to eat noodle instead. Meanwhile, wheat noodles were very popular in Thailand, Phibunsongkhram supported the change of name of the country from Siam to Thailand. He sought to promote Thai nationalism and eliminate Chinese influence. His government promoted rice noodles and helped to establish the identity of Thailand. As a result, a new noodle called sen chan (named after Chanthaburi province) was created. Pad thai has since become one of Thailand's national dishes.[11] Today, some food vendors add pork-chops to enhance the taste (although the original recipe did not contain pork because of the government perception that pork was a Chinese meat). Some food vendors still use the original recipe.

Pop culture

  • Pad thai is listed at number 5 on list of World's 50 most delicious foods readers' poll compiled by CNN Go in 2011.[12]
  • The Thai film Jao saao Pad Thai uses pad thai as a plot device as the protagonist claims she will marry whoever eats her pad thai for 100 days in a row.[13]
  • In 2008, in an episode of Throwdown! with Bobby Flay, Celebrity chef Bobby Flay was defeated by Chef Nongkran Daks at her restaurant, Thai Basil, in Chantilly, Virginia.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "pad thai". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 2017-03-20. 
  2. ^ a b c "phad thai". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. ^ "Pad Thai - ผัดไทยกุ้งสด". thaitable.com. Retrieved 2013-07-28. 
  4. ^ "7-Steps to Properly Eating Pad Thai". luxevoyageasia.com. Retrieved 2017-05-29. 
  5. ^ "The Truth About Pad Thai". BBC. 2015-04-28. 
  6. ^ a b "Pad Thai". Ec-padthai.com. Archived from the original on February 18, 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-23. 
  7. ^ "History discovered in a staple dish". Bangkok Post. 2014-02-16. Retrieved 2015-02-08. 
  8. ^ Ferdman, Roberto A. "The strange and potentially stolen origins of pad Thai". Quartz. Atlantic Media Company. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Pad Thai". Kasma Loha-unchit, Thai Food and Travel Blog. 2009-11-26. Retrieved 2015-02-08. 
  10. ^ "Finding Pad Thai". Gastronomica. 2009. Retrieved 2015-10-29. 
  11. ^ SEARCH (2011-08-15). "Thai National Foods". Ifood.tv. Retrieved 2013-02-23. 
  12. ^ CNN Go Your pick: World's 50 most delicious foods 7 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-11
  13. ^ Jao saao Pad Thai (2004) - Plot Summary
  14. ^ "Pad Thai : Throwdown With Bobby Flay". Food Network. 2009-11-16. Retrieved 2013-02-23. 
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