Pacific County, Washington

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Pacific County, Washington
Pacific County Courthouse.jpg
Pacific County Courthouse in South Bend
Map of Washington highlighting Pacific County
Location in the U.S. state of Washington
Map of the United States highlighting Washington
Washington's location in the U.S.
Founded 4 February, 1851
Named for Pacific Ocean
Seat South Bend
Largest city Raymond
Area
 • Total 1,223 sq mi (3,168 km2)
 • Land 933 sq mi (2,416 km2)
 • Water 291 sq mi (754 km2), 24%
Population (est.)
 • (2017) 21,626
 • Density 22/sq mi (8/km2)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Pacific: UTC−8/−7
Website www.co.pacific.wa.us

Pacific County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,920.[1] Its county seat is South Bend,[2] and its largest city is Raymond. The county was formed by the government of Oregon Territory in February 1851[3] and is named for the Pacific Ocean.

Pacific County is centered on Willapa Bay, a region that provides twenty-five percent of the United States oyster harvest,[4] although forestry, fishing, and tourism are also significant elements of the county's economy.

History

The area that now comprises Pacific County was part of Oregon Territory in the first part of the nineteenth century. On 19 December 1845, the Provisional Government of Oregon created two counties (Vancouver and Clark) in its northern portion (which is now the state of Washington). In 1849, the name of Vancouver County was changed to Lewis County, and on 4 February 1851, a portion of Lewis County was partitioned off to become Pacific County. This county's boundaries have not changed since its creation. The unincorporated community of Oysterville, established in 1852, was the first county seat. The county seat was moved to South Bend in 1893.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,223 square miles (3,170 km2), of which 933 square miles (2,420 km2) is land and 291 square miles (750 km2) (24%) is water.[5]

Geographic features

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 420
1870 738 75.7%
1880 1,645 122.9%
1890 4,358 164.9%
1900 5,983 37.3%
1910 12,532 109.5%
1920 14,891 18.8%
1930 14,970 0.5%
1940 15,928 6.4%
1950 16,558 4.0%
1960 14,674 −11.4%
1970 15,796 7.6%
1980 17,237 9.1%
1990 18,882 9.5%
2000 20,984 11.1%
2010 20,920 −0.3%
Est. 2017 21,626 [6] 3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2016[1]

2000 census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 20,984 people, 9,096 households, and 5,885 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 13,991 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.54% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 2.44% Native American, 2.08% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.83% from other races, and 2.82% from two or more races. 5.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.0% were of German, 10.8% English, 8.8% Irish and 8.6% United States or American ancestry.

There were 9,096 households out of which 23.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.30% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 6.00% from 18 to 24, 21.20% from 25 to 44, 28.90% from 45 to 64, and 22.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,209, and the median income for a family was $39,302. Males had a median income of $33,892 versus $22,982 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,322. About 9.10% of families and 14.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.70% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,920 people, 9,499 households, and 5,707 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 22.4 inhabitants per square mile (8.6/km2). There were 15,547 housing units at an average density of 16.7 per square mile (6.4/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 87.4% white, 2.3% American Indian, 2.0% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 4.4% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.0% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 23.4% were German, 13.8% were English, 11.9% were Irish, 7.6% were American, 6.2% were Norwegian, and 5.8% were Swedish.[14]

Of the 9,499 households, 20.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.9% were non-families, and 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.72. The median age was 50.8 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,642 and the median income for a family was $51,450. Males had a median income of $44,775 versus $34,538 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,326. About 12.4% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics

Pacific County, along with neighboring Grays Harbor County, has been one of the most consistently Democratic counties in the nation. In 2016, however, the county, like Grays Harbor County, broke its long streak of backing the Democratic candidate for president, voting for Republican Donald Trump over Democrat Hillary Clinton.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 48.9% 5,360 42.1% 4,620 9.0% 992
2012 42.3% 4,499 53.7% 5,711 4.0% 426
2008 41.2% 4,555 55.1% 6,094 3.7% 406
2004 44.4% 4,634 53.4% 5,570 2.2% 227
2000 42.5% 4,042 51.4% 4,895 6.1% 582
1996 28.5% 2,598 55.9% 5,095 15.6% 1,418
1992 24.2% 2,243 49.6% 4,587 26.2% 2,422
1988 37.5% 3,073 61.2% 5,017 1.3% 110
1984 42.9% 3,613 55.6% 4,679 1.5% 129
1980 39.1% 3,132 46.5% 3,727 14.4% 1,153
1976 37.8% 2,781 58.2% 4,278 4.0% 291
1972 46.7% 3,349 50.0% 3,585 3.2% 232
1968 37.7% 2,491 56.6% 3,740 5.7% 374
1964 26.1% 1,789 73.7% 5,056 0.2% 15
1960 45.5% 3,224 54.1% 3,837 0.4% 29
1956 49.8% 3,799 50.1% 3,824 0.2% 12
1952 50.2% 3,846 49.3% 3,778 0.5% 39
1948 39.0% 2,749 55.3% 3,902 5.7% 401
1944 39.2% 2,419 60.6% 3,745 0.2% 12
1940 37.8% 2,704 61.5% 4,393 0.7% 48
1936 26.9% 1,732 68.2% 4,395 5.0% 320
1932 31.1% 1,737 55.5% 3,099 13.5% 752
1928 67.4% 3,247 31.6% 1,523 1.0% 47
1924 64.6% 2,672 12.1% 501 23.3% 965
1920 65.6% 2,607 22.0% 874 12.5% 495
1916 59.5% 2,688 34.0% 1,537 6.5% 293
1912 33.8% 1,375 23.9% 971 42.4% 1,726[17]
1908 69.3% 1,492 22.4% 483 8.3% 178
1904 77.0% 1,354 14.7% 258 8.4% 147
1900 66.7% 887 29.6% 393 3.7% 49
1896 61.2% 925 37.2% 562 1.6% 24
1892 52.6% 759 38.7% 559 8.7% 125

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ "Milestones for Washington State History — Part 2: 1851 to 1900". HistoryLink.org. 6 March 2003.
  4. ^ Chinook Observer, The Willapa Bay Oyster Industry: Shellfish is still No. 1 [1]
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
  12. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  14. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  17. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 1,251 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 382 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 82 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 11 votes.

External links

  • Pacific County, official county site

Media related to Pacific County, Washington at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 46°34′N 123°47′W / 46.56°N 123.78°W / 46.56; -123.78

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