Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages

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Pacific Coast Athabascan
California, Oregon
Linguistic classification Dené–Yeniseian?
  • California
  • Oregon
Glottolog paci1277[1]

Pacific Coast Athabaskan is a geographical and possibly genealogical grouping of the Athabaskan language family. Only 1 language is still alive, with one of those languages being critically endangered.

California Athabaskan

1. Hupa (a.k.a. Hoopa-Chilula)
  • Hupa
  • Chilula-Whilkut
- Chilula
- Whilkut
2. Mattole–Bear River - extinct
3. Wailaki ("Eel River", spoken by the Eel River Athapaskan peoples) - extinct
  • Sinkyone
  • Wailaki
  • Nongatl
  • Lassik
4. Cahto (a.k.a. Kato) (sometimes included in Eel River) - extinct

Often the Mattole and Wailaki-speaking groups together are called Southern Athapaskans. Their languages were similar to each other, but differed from the northern California tribes whose languages were also part of the Athapaskan family. They are not to be confused with the Apachean peoples (the Apache and Navajo) - also known as Southern Athabascans - of the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico, who speak the Southern Athabaskan languages.

Oregon Athabaskan

4. Upper Umpqua (a.k.a. Etnemitane)
5. Lower Rogue River (a.k.a. Tututni, Coquille)
  • Upper Coquille
- Coquille (a.k.a. Mishikwutinetunne)
- Flores Creek (a.k.a. Kosotshe, Kusu'me, Lukkarso)
  • Tututni
- Tututunne
- Naltunnetunne
- Mikwunutunne (a.k.a. Mikonotunne)
- Joshua (a.k.a. Chemetunne)
- Sixes (a.k.a. Kwatami)
- Pistol River (a.k.a. Chetleshin)
- Wishtenatin (a.k.a. Khwaishtunnetunnne)
  • Euchre Creek (a.k.a. Yukichetunne)
  • Chasta Costa (a.k.a. Illinois River, Chastacosta, Chasta Kosta)
6. Upper Rogue River (a.k.a. Galice–Applegate)
  • Galice (a.k.a. Taltushtuntede)
  • Applegate (a.k.a. Nabiltse, Dakubetede)
7. Tolowa
  • Chetco
  • Smith River (a.k.a. Tolowa)


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Pacific Coast Athapaskan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 


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