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PBS Kids

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
PBS Kids
PBS Kids Logo.svg
Logo (2013-present)
Owner PBS
Country United States
Introduced July 11, 1994 (as PTV Park)
September 6, 1999 (as PBS Kids)
Website pbskids.org

PBS Kids is the brand for most of the children's programming aired by the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in the United States. Some public television children's programs not produced by PBS member stations or transmitted by PBS which is produced by independent public television distributors such as American Public Television are not labeled as "PBS Kids" programming, and it is mainly a programming block branding.

PBS Kids is also the name of a separate network which has had two iterations in the age of digital television; one which existed between 1999 and 2005, and the current version which was launched in January 2017.

History

PTV block

The framework for PBS Kids was established as part of PBS's "Ready to Learn" initiative, a project intended to facilitate access of early childhood educational programming to underprivileged children.[1] On July 11, 1994, PBS repackaged their existing children's educational programming as a new block called "PTV".[2][3] In addition to scheduled educational programming, PTV also incorporated interstitial content such as "The P-Pals", which featured animated characters shaped like PBS logos delivering educational content from their fictional world, "PTV Park". These interstitial shorts were aimed at younger children.[2] Older children were targeted with live action and music video interstitials.[2]

PBS Kids

On September 6, 1999, PBS launched the PBS Kids brand in several areas including its daytime Ready to Learn Service, PBS Online web pages for kids, and a home video label. Children's programming on the PBS network was then given unified branding. Along with the block of programming on PBS, PBS Kids lent its name to a separate television network, which launched on the same date[4] and was targeted to children from 4 to 7 years old.[citation needed] The PBS Kids Channel ran for six years.[5]

On September 30, 2000, the Bookworm Bunch programming block was introduced as PBS Kids' Saturday morning block.[6] PBS Kids Go!, a programming block targeting older children, was launched in October 2004.[7]

Block and local channels

The network was shut down on September 26, 2005, in favor of a new commercial cable and satellite joint venture channel, PBS Kids Sprout, which was developed in partnership with two producers and Comcast[8] (who later bought full control of the network via NBCUniversal).[9] PBS gave licensees an option to sign on Sprout promoters while most of the other half programmed their own children's channel.[8] PBS offered a replacement early school-aged kids network based on the block PBS Kids Go! by April 2006 to be launched in October 2006,[7] but was cancelled before launch.[8]

On May 8, 2013, PBS Kids programming was added to the Roku streaming player.[10] As of October 7, 2013, to coincide with the debut of Peg + Cat, PBS Kids received another graphic redesign and the PBS Kids Go! block and branding were dropped.[11]

PBS Kids network was relaunched on January 16, 2017 with a live stream of the channel on the PBS Kids website and video app; no changes were made to the main PBS Kids block. The block is counter programmed from the network, thus the same show would not be shown at the same time on the network and block.[12][13][14]

Programming blocks

  • PTV (July 11, 1994–September 3, 1999)
  • PBS Kids (September 6, 1999–present)
  • The Game (1996–September 6, 1999) – afternoon programming block aimed at children aged 6 to 8.
  • PBS Kids Bookworm Bunch (September 30, 2000–October 11, 2004[citation needed]) – a Saturday morning block consisting of six animated series produced by Nelvana Limited.[6]
  • PBS Kids Go! (October 11, 2004–October 7, 2013) – an afternoon programming block aimed at children aged 6 to 8.[7][11]
  • PBS Kids Preschool Block (September 4, 2006–October 7, 2013)

Network

PBS Kids
Type Digital broadcast TV network (children's programming)
Country United States
Availability Nationwide (via OTA digital television)
Founded February 23, 2016 (2016-02-23)
Headquarters Arlington, Virginia
Broadcast area
United States
Owner Public Broadcasting Service
Launch date
January 16, 2017; 8 months ago (2017-01-16)
Affiliates List of affiliates
Official website
pbskids.org

PBS Kids is an American digital broadcast and online television network operated by the Public Broadcasting Service. The network features a broad mix of live-action and animated children's programs distributed to PBS by independent companies and select member stations, which are designed for improving the early literacy, math, and social-emotional skills of young children ages 2 to 11.[15]

PBS Kids Family Night

PBS Kids Family Night is a series of weekly family viewing events featuring movie specials or themed programming every Friday from 7 to 9 pm, and repeating on Saturday and Sunday evenings.

Network history

On September 6, 1999, PBS launched the PBS Kids Channel in several markets, in conjunction with the introduction of the PBS Kids brand to provide a unified branding for the service's children's programming offerings. The channel was launched on 33 PBS member stations: 19 of which offered PBS Kids Channel as a cable-only service, nine which carried the channel on their digital broadcast signals in standard-definition, and three which carried simulcasts of the channel on their analog signals. Of the initial 27 affiliates, sixteen of them planned to begin carrying PBS Kids Channel during the fall of 1999, with eleven additional stations choosing to debut it that winter.[4]

FCC requirements mandated satellite providers to set aside 4% of their available channel space for noncommercial educational and informational programming. With these providers limited to offering one such service per programmer, PBS had put forth PBS Kids as a prospective channel to fulfill this mandate. However, El Segundo, California-based satellite provider DirecTV,[not in citation given] which became the primary funding source for the channel, indicated that it would begin carrying the PBS Kids Channel outside of that mandate in early November 1999.[16]

In the aftermath of DirecTV's decision not to renew its funding agreement with the channel, which ended in the third quarter of 2005,[5] PBS decided to shut down the network on September 26 of that year.[not in citation given] PBS Kids Channel was effectively supplanted on that date by PBS Kids Sprout, an advertiser-supported cable and satellite channel that PBS developed in a joint venture with HiT Entertainment, Sesame Workshop and Comcast. PBS gave licensees an option to sign on Sprout promoters, giving them cross-promotional and monetary benefits in exchange for giving up the ability to carry a competing preschool-targeted channel. 80 stations, making up about half of the member stations participants, signed up to be promoters; most of the remaining stations opted to develop independent children's programming services featuring programs distributed by PBS and through outside distributors such as American Public Television to fill space on digital subchannels that formerly served as PBS Kids Channel members. Many of the member stations that launched children's-focused subchannel or cable-only services reduced the amount of sourced programming from PBS Kids carried on their primary channel to a few hours of their weekday daytime schedules, in order to program more adult-targeted fare during the afternoon.[8]

PBS relaunched children's network, PBS Kids, on January 16, 2017.[14] Structured as a multi-platform service, it was made available for distribution to digital subchannels of participating PBS member stations, initially launching on 73 member stations (counting those operated as subregional PBS member networks), with an additional 34 agreeing to begin carrying the network at a later date.[not in citation given] A live stream of the channel was also added to the PBS Kids website and video app upon the channel's debut, which will eventually allow viewers to toggle from the program being aired to a related educational game extending the interactivity introduced by Sesame Street. The network is counterprogrammed from the PBS Kids block, so that the same program would not be shown on either simultaneously. PBS Kids 24/7 mainly features double-runs of existing series on PBS Kids' schedule (including some not carried on the primary channels of certain member stations); as such, no additional programs had to be acquired to help fill the channel's schedule.[12] The network will also launch a weekly block on Friday evenings, "PBS Kids Family Night," on April 21, 2017, which will showcase of family-oriented feature films and premieres of PBS Kids' children's programs.[15][14][12][17]

Affiliates

City of license/
market
Station Channel Operator Affiliation tenure
(original network)
Local channel[18] Affiliation date
revived network)[19]

Alabama

Birmingham WBIQ 10.2 Alabama Public Television January 16, 2017
Demopolis WIIQ 41.2
Dozier WDIQ 2.2
Florence WFIQ 36.2
Huntsville WHIQ 25.2
Louisville WGIQ 43.2
Mobile WEIQ 42.2
Montgomery WAIQ 26.2
Mount Cheaha WCIQ 7.2

Alaska

Anchorage KAKM 7.4 Alaska Public Telecommunications TBD
Fairbanks KUAC-TV 9.8 University of Alaska Fairbanks

Arkansas

Arkadelphia KETG 9.3 Arkansas Educational Television Network January 16, 2017
El Dorado KETZ 12.3
Fayetteville KAFT 13.3
Jonesboro KTEJ 19.3
Little Rock KETS 2.3
Mountain View KEMV 6.3

Arizona

Phoenix KAET 8.4 Arizona State University January 16, 2017
Tucson KUAT-TV 6.2 Arizona Public Media 2003-2005 2005-2017

California

Eureka KEET 13.5 Redwood Empire Public Television, Inc. January 16, 2017
Fresno KVPT 18.2 Valley Public Television, Inc.
Huntington Beach
(serves Los Angeles)
KOCE-TV[20] 50.5 KOCE Foundation January 16, 2017
Los Angeles KLCS 58.2 Los Angeles Unified School District 2004-present
Sacramento KVIE 6.4 KVIE, Inc. January 16, 2017
San Diego KPBS 15.4 San Diego State University
San Jose
(San Francisco)
KQEH 54.4 Northern California Public Broadcasting[8][21] 2003-January 15, 2017 January 16, 2017
Watsonville
(serves the Monterrey Bay area)
KQET 25.3

Colorado

Denver KRMA-TV 6.2 Rocky Mountain PBS TBD
Durango KRMU 20.2
Grand Junction KRMJ 18.2
Pueblo KTSC 8.2
Steamboat Springs KRMZ 24.2

Connecticut

Bridgeport WEDW 49.4 LocusPoint Networks TBD
New Haven WEDY 65.4
Hartford WEDH 24.4 Connecticut Public Television
Norwich
(serves eastern Connecticut, including New London)
WEDN 53.4

District of Columbia

Washington WETA-TV 26.3 Greater Washington Educational Telecommunications Association 2007–[8]present
WHUT-TV 32.2 Howard University January 16, 2017

Florida

Fort Myers WGCU 30.5 Florida Gulf Coast University January 16, 2017
Jacksonville WJCT 7.5 WJCT, Inc.
Miami WPBT 2.4 South Florida PBS
West Palm Beach WXEL-TV 42.3
Orlando WUCF-TV 24.3 University of Central Florida
Panama City WFSG 56.4 Florida State University
Tallahassee WFSU-TV 11.4
Pensacola WSRE 23.4 Pensacola Junior College TBD
Tampa-St. Petersburg WEDU 3.2 Florida West Coast Public Broadcasting, Inc. TBD
WUSF-TV 16.2 University of South Florida Currently

Georgia

Atlanta APS
(evenings)[22]
22
(cable-only)
Atlanta Public Schools September 6, 1999-2005
Athens
(Atlanta)
WGTV 8.4 Georgia Public Broadcasting January 16, 2017
Chatsworth WNGH-TV 18.4
Cochran WMUM-TV 29.4
Columbus WJSP-TV 28.4
Dawson WACS-TV 25.4
Pelham WABW-TV 14.4
Savannah WVAN-TV 9.4
Waycross
(serves Valdosta and Brunswick)
WXGA-TV 8.4
Wrens WCES-TV 20.4

Hawaii

Honolulu KHET 11.2 Hawaii Public Television Current
Wailuku (serves Maui) KMEB 10.2

Idaho

Boise KAID 4.5 Idaho State Department of Education[23] TBD
Coeur D'Alene
(part of the Spokane, Washington market)
KCDT 26.5
Moscow KUID-TV 12.5
Pocatello KISU-TV 10.5
Twin Falls KIPT 13.5

Illinois

Carbondale WSIU-TV 8.5 Southern Illinois University TBD
Olney WUSI-TV 19.5
Chicago WTTW 11.4 Window to the World Communications January 16, 2017
Peoria[24] WTVP 47.2 Illinois Valley Public Telecommunications Corporation
Urbana
(Springfield)[23]
WILL-TV 12.2 University of Illinois January 16, 2017

Indiana

Bloomington WTIU 30.4 Indiana University .3
(12:00-6:00 p.m.)
TIU Family (ended January 30, 2017)
January 30, 2017
Fort Wayne WFWA 39.2 Fort Wayne Public Television January 16, 2017
Indianapolis WFYI 20.2 Metropolitan Indianapolis Public Broadcasting TBD
South Bend WNIT 34.3 Michiana Public Broadcasting
Vincennes
(serves Southwestern Indiana including Evansville and Terre Haute)
WVUT 22.3 Vincennes University January 16, 2017

Iowa

Council Bluffs KBIN-TV 32.4 Iowa Public Television current (all .2)
IPTV Learn (10:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.)
TBD
Davenport KQIN 36.4
Des Moines KDIN-TV 11.4
Fort Dodge KTIN 21.4
Iowa City KIIN 12.4
Mason City KYIN 24.4
Red Oak KHIN 36.4
Sioux City KSIN-TV 27.4
Waterloo KRIN 32.4

Kansas

Colby KWKS 19.2 Smoky Hills Public Television January 16, 2017
Dodge City KDCK 21.2
Hays KOOD 9.2
Lakin KSWK 3.2
Topeka KTWU 11.2 Washburn University Current

Kentucky

Ashland WKAS 25.4 Kentucky Authority for Educational Television January 16, 2017
Bowling Green WKGB-TV 53.4
Covington WCVN-TV 54.4
Elizabethtown WKZT-TV 23.4
Hazard WKHA 35.4
Lexington WKLE 46.4
Louisville WKPC-TV 15.4
Madisonville WKMA-TV 35.4
Morehead WKMR 38.4
Murray WKMU 21.4
Owensboro WKOH 31.4
Owenton WKON 52.4
Paducah WKPD 29.4
Pikeville WKPI-TV 22.4
Somerset WKSO-TV 29.4

Louisiana

Alexandria KLPA-TV 25.2 Louisiana Educational Television Authority January 16, 2017
Baton Rouge WLPB-TV 27.2
Lafayette KLPB-TV 24.2
Lake Charles KLTL-TV 24.2
Monroe KLTM-TV 13.2
New Orleans WYES-TV 12.4 Greater New Orleans Educational Television Foundation TBD
Shreveport KLTS-TV 24.2 Louisiana Educational Television Authority January 16, 2017

Massachusetts

Boston WGBX-TV[25] 44.4 WGBH Educational Foundation January 16, 2017
Springfield WGBY-TV[26] 57.3

Maryland

Annapolis WMPT 22.3 Maryland Public Television MPT Select
(daytime hours only)[8]
January 16, 2017
Baltimore WMPB 67.3
Frederick WFPT 62.3
Hagerstown WWPB 31.3
Oakland WGPT 36.3
Salisbury WCPB 28.3

Maine

Augusta WCBB 10.4 Maine Public Broadcasting January 16, 2017
Biddeford
(Portland, Maine
WMEA-TV 26.4
Calais WMED-TV 13.4
Orono
(Bangor, Maine
WMEB-TV 12.4
Presque Isle WMEM-TV 10.4

Michigan

Alpena WCML 6.2 Central Michigan University January 16, 2017
Cadillac WCMV 27.2
Mount Pleasant
(part of the Bay City/Saginaw/Midland market)
WCMU-TV 26.2
Flint WCMZ-TV[27] 28.2 January 16, 2017
(to shut down at a date TBD)
Bad Axe
(serves Saginaw and Bay City)
WDCQ-TV 19.4 Delta College Current
Detroit WTVS 56.2 Detroit Educational Television Foundation January 16, 2017
East Lansing WKAR-TV 23.4 Michigan State University January 16, 2017
Grand Rapids WGVU-TV 35.5 Grand Valley State University TBD
Kalamazoo WGVK 52.5
Marquette WNMU 13.2 Northern Michigan University January 16, 2017

Minnesota

Appleton KWCM-TV 10.5 West Central Minnesota Educational Television TBD
Bemidji KAWE 9.3 Northern Minnesota Public Television January 16, 2017
Brainerd KAWB 22.3
Crookston KCGE-DT 16.4 Prairie Public Television
St. Paul KTCA-TV 2.4 Twin Cities PBS
Worthington KSMN 20.5 West Central Minnesota Educational Television TBD

Mississippi

Biloxi WMAH-TV 19.2 Mississippi Public Broadcasting January 16, 2017
Booneville WMAE-TV 12.2
Bude WMAU-TV 17.2
Greenwood WMAO-TV 23.2
Jackson WMPN-TV 29.2
Meridian WMAW-TV 14.2
Mississippi State WMAB-TV 2.2
Oxford WMAV-TV 18.2

Missouri

Joplin KOZJ 26.2 Missouri State University January 16, 2017
Springfield KOZK 21.2
Kansas City KCPT 19.4 Public TV 19, Inc.
Sedalia KMOS-TV 6.4 University of Central Missouri
St. Louis KETC 9.2 St. Louis Regional Public Media, Inc.

Montana

Billings KBGS-TV 16.2 Montana State University January 16, 2017
Bozeman KUSM-TV 9.2
Helena KUHM-TV 10.2
Kalispell KUKL-TV 46.2
Missoula KUFM-TV 11.2

Nebraska

Alliance KTNE-TV 13.4 Nebraska Educational Telecommunications March 2017
Bassett KMNE-TV 7.4
Hastings KHNE-TV 29.4
Lexington KLNE-TV 3.4
Lincoln KUON-TV 12.4
Merriman KRNE-TV 12.4
Norfolk KXNE-TV 19.4
North Platte KPNE-TV 9.4
Omaha KYNE-TV 26.4

Nevada

Las Vegas KLVX 10.3 Clark County School District January 16, 2017
Reno KNPB 5.3 Channel 5 Public Broadcasting

New Jersey

Newark
(New York City)
WNET 13.2 Educational Broadcasting Corporation January 16, 2017

New Mexico

Albuquerque KNME-TV 5.2 University of New Mexico January 16, 2017

New York

Binghamton WSKG-TV 46.6 WSKG Public Telecommunications Council[28] February 1, 2017
Corning WSKA 30.6 February 1, 2017
Buffalo WNED-TV 17.3 Western New York Public Broadcasting Association TBD
Norwood WNPI-DT 18.4 St. Lawrence Valley Educational TV Council, Inc. January 16, 2017
Watertown WPBS-DT 16.4
Plattsburgh WCFE-TV 57.3 Mountain Lake Public Telecommunications Council
Rochester WXXI-TV 21.4 WXXI Public Broadcasting Council February 2017
Schenectady
(Albany)
WMHT 17.4 WMHT Educational Telecommunications January 16, 2017
Syracuse WCNY-TV 24.4 Public Broadcasting Council of Central New York

North Carolina

Asheville WUNF-TV 33.2 University of North Carolina January 16, 2017
Canton WUNW 27.3
Chapel Hill WUNC-TV 4.2
Concord WUNG-TV 58.2
Edenton WUND-TV 2.2
Greenville WUNK-TV 25.2
Jacksonville WUNM-TV 19.3
Linville WUNE-TV 17.3
Lumberton WUNU 31.2
Roanoke Rapids WUNP-TV 36.3
Wilmington WUNJ-TV 39.2
Winston-Salem WUNL-TV 26.2

North Dakota

Bismarck KBME-TV 3.4 Prairie Public Television January 16, 2017
Devils Lake KMDE 25.4
Dickinson KDSE 9.4
Ellendale KJRE 19.4
Fargo KFME 13.4
Minot KSRE 6.4
Williston KWSE 4.4

Ohio

Athens OU Telecomm. Center cable-only Ohio University[22] September 6, 1999–present
(mornings and weekends)
Bowling Green WBGU-TV 27.2 Bowling Green State University Current
Cleveland WVIZ 25.5 Ideastream January 16, 2017
Columbus WOSU-TV 34.4 WOSU Public Media TBD
Portsmouth WPBO-TV 42.4
Dayton WPTD 16.5 Public Media Connect January 16, 2017
Oxford WPTO 14.3 January 16, 2017
Toledo WGTE-TV 30.2 Public Broadcasting Foundation of Northwest Ohio January 16, 2017

Oklahoma

Cheyenne KWET 12.4 Oklahoma Educational Television Authority[8]
  • .4 (2006-2009)
  • OETA OKLA .2
  • (daytime: 2009-2013)
  • .4 (2013-2017)
January 16, 2017
Eufaula KOET 3.4
Oklahoma City KETA-TV 13.4
Tulsa KOED-TV 11.4
Oklahoma City and Tulsa OETA Kids cable 2009-2013

Oregon

Bend KOAB-TV 11.3 Oregon Public Broadcasting January 16, 2017
Corvallis KOAC-TV 7.3
Eugene KEPB-TV 29.3
La Grande KTVR 13.3
Portland KOPB-TV 10.3

Pennsylvania

Clearfield WPSU-TV 3.4 Penn State Public Media
Philadelphia WHYY 12.3 WHYY Inc.
Pittsburgh WQED 13.5 WQED Multimedia
Scranton WVIA-TV 44.2 Northeast Pennsylvania Educational Television Association

Puerto Rico

Fajardo WMTJ 40.2 Ana G. Méndez University System Current
Ponce WQTO 26.2

South Carolina

Allendale WEBA-TV 14.4 South Carolina Educational Television TBD
Beaufort WJWJ-TV 16.4
Charleston WITV 7.4
Columbia WRLK-TV 35.4
Conway WHMC 23.4
Florence WJPM-TV 33.4
Greenville WNTV 29.4
Greenwood WNEH 38.4
Rock Hill WNSC-TV 30.4
Spartanburg WRET-TV 49.4
Sumter WRJA-TV 27.4

South Dakota

Aberdeen KDSD-TV 16.4 South Dakota Public Broadcasting January 16, 2017
Brookings KESD-TV 8.4
Eagle Butte KPSD-TV 13.4
Lowry KQSD-TV 11.4
Martin KZSD-TV 8.4
Pierre KTSD-TV 10.4
Rapid City KBHE-TV 9.4
Sioux Falls KCSD-TV 23.4
Vermillion KUSD-TV 2.4

Tennessee

Chattanooga WTCI 45.3 Greater Chattanooga Public Television January 2017
Cookeville WCTE 22.4 Upper Cumberland Broadcast Council TBD
Knoxville WKOP-TV 15.2 East Tennessee PBS January 16, 2017
Lexington
(Jackson)
WLJT-DT 11.2 West Tennessee Public Television Council, Inc.
Memphis WKNO 10.3 Mid-South Public Communications Foundation
Nashville WNPT-TV 8.3 Nashville Public Television, Inc. 2017-present June 30, 2017
Sneedville WETP-TV 2.2 East Tennessee PBS January 16, 2017

Texas

Amarillo KACV-TV 2.2 Amarillo College TBD
Austin KLRU 18.4 Capital of Texas Public Telecommunications Council January 16, 2017
Belton
(Waco)
KNCT 46.2 Central Texas College
College Station KAMU-TV 12.3 Texas A&M University
Dallas KERA-TV 13.2 North Texas Public Broadcasting
Houston KUHT 8.3 University of Houston
Lubbock KTTZ-TV 5.3 Texas Tech University
San Antonio KLRN 9.3 Alamo Public Telecommunications Council April 1, 2017[29]

Utah

Salt Lake City KUED 7.3 University of Utah March 7, 2017
St. George KUEW 18.3

Virginia

Hampton-Norfolk WHRO-TV 15.3 Hampton Roads Educational Telecommunications Association January 16, 2017
Roanoke WBRA-TV 15.3 Blue Ridge PBS

Virgin Islands

Charlotte Amalie WTJX-TV 12.2 Virgin Islands Public Broadcasting System January 16, 2017

Vermont

Burlington WETK 33.4 Vermont PBS January 16, 2017
Rutland WVER 28.4
St. Johnsbury WVTB 20.4
Windsor WVTA 41.4

Washington

Seattle KCTS-TV 9.2 Cascade Public Media TBD
Yakima KYVE 47.2
Spokane KSPS-TV 7.4 KSPS Public Television

Wisconsin

Green Bay WPNE-TV 38.4 Wisconsin Public Television January 16, 2017
La Crosse WHLA-TV 31.4
Madison WHA-TV 21.4
Menomonie WHWC-TV 28.4
Park Falls WLEF-TV 36.4
Wausau WHRM-TV 20.4
Milwaukee WMVS 10.3 Milwaukee Area Technical College

West Virginia

Grandview WSWP-TV 9.3 West Virginia Public Broadcasting January 16, 2017
Huntington WVPB-TV 33.3
Morgantown WNPB-TV 24.3

Wyoming

Casper KPTW 6.3 Central Wyoming College TBD
Lander KCWC-DT 4.3
Laramie KWYP-DT 8.3

References

  1. ^ Chozick, Amy (January 1, 2012). "PBS Takes On the Premium Channels". NYTimes.com. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on July 16, 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2015. PBS Kids ... was originally created for underprivileged young viewers who lacked access to early-childhood education. 
  2. ^ a b c Bedford, Karen Everhart (June 6, 1994). "Goal for Ready to Learn: engage kids and parents". current.org/. Current.org. Archived from the original on February 24, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  3. ^ Pierce, Charles P. (January 22, 1995). "Building a Better Fun Factory : For Years, PBS Had a Monopoly on Quality Children's Programming. Now It's Being Challenged by Brash Upstart Nickelodeon, Which May Prove a Bigger Threat Than a Republican Congress Ever Will.". The Los Angeles Times. p. 7. Archived from the original on June 9, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Karen Everhart Bedford (August 30, 1999). "Multi-purpose PBS Kids takes flight next week". Current.org. Archived from the original on December 16, 1999. Retrieved December 9, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Everhart, Karen (July 17, 2006). "PBS Kids Go! channel: plan is no-go for now". Current. Current Publishing Committee. Retrieved April 4, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Everhart Bedford, Karen (July 31, 2000). "Better Saturday competition seen for the kids audience". Current. Retrieved April 4, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c Egner, Jeremy (April 3, 2006). "World and Go! streams flow into PBS plans". Current. Retrieved March 30, 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Katy June-Friesen (January 12, 2009). "Many stations packaging their own kids' channels". Current. Archived from the original on January 23, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2010. 
  9. ^ Singel, Ryan (December 3, 2009). "Comcast Buys NBC, Clouding Online TV's Future". Retrieved December 9, 2010. 
  10. ^ Moskovciak, Matthew (May 8, 2013). "Roku's PBS, PBS Kids channels go live, stream full episodes". CNet. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "PBS Kids Go! goes bye-bye as colorful branding revamp rolls out to stations". Current.org. 2013-08-07. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  12. ^ a b c "PBS KIDS widens access with 24/7 channel offerings". Kidscreen. 2016-02-23. Retrieved 2016-03-30. 
  13. ^ Koblin, John (February 22, 2016). "PBS Is Creating a Channel Exclusively for Children". New York Times. p. B3. Retrieved March 30, 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c "PBS Chief Paula Kerger Talks ‘Sesame Street’ Changes, Spectrum Auction". Variety. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  15. ^ a b Perez, Sarah (January 16, 2017). "PBS KIDS debuts a new channel and live TV service, available via web and mobile". TechCrunch. Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  16. ^ Behrens, Steve; Bedford, Karen Everhart (December 13, 1999). "DirecTV okays channels from PBS and ITVS". Current. American University School of Communication. Retrieved February 21, 2017. 
  17. ^ John Koblin (February 22, 2016). "PBS Is Creating a Channel Exclusively for Children". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved March 30, 2016. 
  18. ^ "Stations for Network - PBS Kids Local". RabbitEars.Info. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  19. ^ "Stations for Network - PBS Kids 24/7". RabbitEars.Info. Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  20. ^ Newman, Deirdre (January 16, 2017). "PBS Starts Kids Channel Streaming". Orange County Business Journal. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  21. ^ Barney, Chuck (January 15, 2017). "PBS Kids: New 24/7 children's channel". Mercury News. Retrieved February 9, 2017. 
  22. ^ a b Karen Everhart Bedford (August 30, 1999). "Multi-purpose PBS Kids takes flight next week". Current.org. Archived from the original on December 16, 1999. Retrieved December 9, 2010. 
  23. ^ a b Dru Sefton (January 15, 2017). "Launch of PBS Kids streaming channel reshapes multicast lineups". Current. American University School of Communication. Retrieved January 27, 2017. 
  24. ^ Sefton, Dru (January 18, 2017). "Peoria station marks debut of PBS Kids channel with party". Current. Retrieved January 30, 2017. 
  25. ^ Peery, Lexi (January 13, 2017). "WGBH to launch a 24-hour channel devoted to kids". The Boston Globe. Retrieved January 28, 2017. 
  26. ^ Kellyfirst1=Ray (January 13, 2017). "WGBY-TV, Channel 57, making PBS Kids a 24/7 offering". The Republican. MassLive Media. Retrieved January 30, 2017. 
  27. ^ Lozon, Von (February 8, 2017). "CMU to end Flint public television station after $14 million sale". Flint. Mlive Media Group. Retrieved February 15, 2017. 
  28. ^ "PBS KIDS 24/7 comes to WSKG TV Wednesday, Feb. 1". WSKG Public Media. January 12, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  29. ^ Kehoe, Katrina (March 6, 2017). "KLRN launches 24/7 PBS KIDS Channel". KLRN.org. Alamo Public Telecommunications Council. Retrieved April 8, 2017. 

External links

  • Official website
  • PBS Kids Play website
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=PBS_Kids&oldid=805365035"
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