Oxted line

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Oxted line
Uckfield - Southern 171729 approaching station.JPG
Southern Class 171 (171729) approaches Uckfield station
Type Commuter rail, Suburban rail
System National Rail
Status Operational
Locale Greater London
South East England
East Sussex
Termini London Victoria station / London Bridge station
East Grinstead / Uckfield
Opened 1884
Owner Network Rail
Operator(s) Southern
Depot(s) Selhurst
Rolling stock British Rail Class 171 "Turbostar"
British Rail Class 377 "Electrostar"
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Oxted Line
South Croydon
(closed 1983)
Authorised line
to Orpington
(not built)
Purley Downs
Golf Club Halt
Riddlesdown Tunnel
837 yards (765 m)
Riddlesdown Viaduct
Upper Warlingham
Woldingham Viaduct
Oxted Tunnel
M25 motorway crossing
2,266 yards (2,072 m)
Oxted Viaduct
Limpsfield Tunnel
565 yards (517 m)
Hurst Green
Hurst Green Halt
(closed 1961)
Hurst Green Junction
Monks Lane Halt
Crowhurst Spur
(closed 1965)
Edenbridge Tunnel
319 yards (292 m)
Edenbridge Town
Mark Beech Tunnel
1,341 yards (1,226 m)
East Grinstead High Level
Ashurst Junction
East Grinstead Low Level
National Rail
Bluebell Railway
East Grinstead (Bluebell Ry)
Groombridge Junction
Birchden Junction (removed)
SVR on former down line
Redgate Mill Junction
(original site)
Wealden Line
A 1910 Railway Clearing House map of the interaction of the Oxted line and the Redhill to Tonbridge Line.

The Oxted line is a railway in southern England and part of the Southern franchise. The railway splits into two branches towards the south and has direct trains throughout to London termini.

It was opened jointly by the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway and the South Eastern Railway in the 19th century.

The line branches from the London to Brighton main line (which has two diverging northern branches) at South Croydon in Greater London. The line then passes under the North Downs in two tunnels, and then splits into two branches at Hurst Green, adjoining Oxted in Surrey. One of these branches ends at East Grinstead, the other at Uckfield, both market towns in Sussex.

The line between East Croydon and Hurst Green is double-track throughout, as is all of the East Grinstead branch. The Uckfield branch has two tracks as far as Hever; the rest of the line is mostly single-track, but with two short double-track sections (a passing loop at Ashurst, and a short distance between Crowborough and just north of Buxted).



A line was proposed in 1864 from Croydon to Tunbridge Wells via Oxted by a group of former LB&SCR directors. Their proposal for the Surrey and Sussex Junction Railway (S&SJR) was to have the scheme underwritten and then operated by the LB&SCR.[1]

The Oxted line with other railway lines in South London, Kent and parts of East Sussex and Surrey.

However, the South Eastern Railway (SER) saw the S&SJR, and particularly the involvement of the LB&SCR chairman Leo Schuster, as a significant incursion into its territory. In addition to creating a rival to its own line to Tunbridge Wells, the SER saw the LB&SCR's direct involvement as contravening an 1849 agreement between the two companies.[1] In retaliation, the SER put forward proposals for a 'London, Lewes and Brighton' railway together with the London Chatham and Dover Railway.[1] As a result of these difficulties and the financial crisis of 1866-7, the LB&SCR signed a new agreement with the SER in which it withdrew support for the S&SJR, and the SER abandoned its scheme. Work on the S&SJR immediately ceased, but the holding company remained in existence until 1869, when it was merged with the LB&SCR and then closed.[1]

On 10 March 1884, the LB&SCR and the SER formed a joint venture company, the Croydon, Oxted & East Grinstead Railway. Surveyed and engineered by the LB&SCR's Chief Engineer Frederick Banister, the proposed route in part used trackbed constructed for but never used by the S&SJR.[1] The line was jointly owned and operated until Hurst Green, when it split into three:


The Southern Railway electrified the line between Woodside and Sanderstead in 1935 but the line closed in 1983. Some of the redundant materials were used to electrify the short section between South Croydon and Selsdon in 1984 and a few electric trains then operated from London to Sanderstead via East Croydon. . The section beyond Sanderstead to East Grinstead was electrified in 1987 at 750 V DC third rail. However, the Uckfield branch is not electrified, and is worked by Class 171 diesel multiple units, which replaced Class 205 and Class 207 DEMUs.


2 tph from London Victoria to East Grinstead, calling at all stations between Sanderstead and East Grinstead

1 tph from London Bridge to Uckfield, which runs fast between East Croydon and Oxted. In peak hours, the service increases to 2 tph.

In peak hours, 2 tph between Bedford/Luton and East Grinstead. This service calls at all stations between South Croydon and East Grinstead, except in the mornings southbound, and evenings northbound, it skips stations between Sanderstead and Oxted exclusive.

On Sundays, the London Bridge to Uckfield service runs only between Oxted and Uckfield.

Oyster and contactless payment cards are valid on the Oxted route as far as Upper Warlingham.

Connections with Heritage Railways

The two branches of the line connect with different heritage railways directly:

Former connections and sub-branches

One branch formerly had three sub-branches:

(All three of these terminus towns are served by other lines.)

A short stretch of the "main line", between Uckfield and Lewes is preserved at Isfield as the Lavender Line.

Between Hurst Green and Lingfield (in Surrey) there was a connection with the Redhill to Tonbridge line until 1965.[3] Until 1983 there was a junction at Selsdon (in Greater London) with the Woodside and South Croydon Joint line to Elmers End.

Proposed developments

A £140,000, six-month study was commissioned by the East Sussex County Council and Network Rail looking into the possibility of rebuilding the line between Uckfield and Lewes. This was set up[clarification needed] by the Wealden Line Campaign Group.[4] In July 2008 the Central Rail Corridor Board (a joint group of local councils and stakeholders) study, commissioned by Network Rail, reported that there was not a forecast viable economic case for reopening, citing a £141 million cost and a low anticipated benefit to cost ratio (BCR) of 0.64 to 0.79; in comparison a BCR of 1.5 was the minimum needed to obtain finance for the scheme.[5]

Brighton Main Line 2

The Wealden Line Campaign Group has, in addition to campaigning for the reopening of a line between Uckfield and Lewes, proposed an extension north from Sanderstead to Elmers End.[6][7] There would also be new platforms at Brighton, and 5 miles (8.0 km) of the East Coastway line would be upgraded. The line would branch off the East Coastway beyond Falmer. A new Ashcombe tunnel would be bored after crossing the A27 before crossing the Keymer Junction (Wivelsfield) to Lewes line. The line would take back the preserved Lavender Line at Isfield. No stations would be reopened between Lewes and Uckfield, and all level crossings would be closed. A new station at Uckfield south of the current one would allow 12-carriage trains. The line to Eridge would be double-tracked and electrified, with a maximum speed limit of 90 miles per hour (140 km/h). New passing loops at Eridge would allow fast trains to overtake slower stopping services. The proposal also includes bringing the Eridge to Tunbridge Wells line back into operation, with through services to Brighton from Royal Tunbridge Wells. The line between Brighton and Oxted/Tunbridge Wells would be electrified with overhead wiring (25 kV AC).[8]

Instead of carrying on to the Brighton Main Line, the line would branch off at Sanderstead and reopen the former line, but Croydon Tramlink has taken over the section between Coombe Road and Elmers End. The line would join the Hayes Line at Elmers End possibly alongside the proposed Bakerloo line extension to Hayes and then run to London Bridge, London Charing Cross and possibly on to the Thameslink network. There is also a suggestion for some trains to run on the East London line and branch off after Whitechapel to London Liverpool Street or onto a new line to Stansted Airport via Canary Wharf and Stratford. The whole project could see as little as one building demolished.

The project would have trains diverted away from bottlenecks at East Croydon and Windmill Bridge junction, and provided more capacity between London and Brighton.

See also

Wealden Line

Further reading

  • Gould, David (2003). The Croydon, Oxted & East Grinstead Railway. The Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-598-5.


  1. ^ a b c d e Turner, John Howard (1978). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 2 Establishment and Growth. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-1198-8.
  2. ^ White, Chris (Winter 2009). "Viaduct work—and tip material to be removed by rail". Bluebell News. Sussex, England: Bluebell Railway. 51 (4): 24–25.
  3. ^ http://www.semgonline.com/location/crowhurst-spur.html
  4. ^ "Railway reopening study approved" (Press release). BBC News. 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2007-08-11.
  5. ^ The full report by Network Rail, at East Sussex CC - 23 July 2008
  6. ^ ['Could a second main line offer Brighton a brighter future?' Rail Magazine Issue 642, 21 April-4 May 2010, Page36-37]
  7. ^ Brighton Main Line 2 website
  8. ^ BML 2 route plans

External links

  • The Woodside & South Croydon Railway.
  • Spa Valley Railway
  • Brighton Main Line 2 website
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