Outline of New Zealand

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A map of the hemisphere centred on New Zealand, using an orthographic projection.
The location of New Zealand on a globe

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to New Zealand:

New Zealand is an island nation located in the western South Pacific Ocean comprising two large islands, the North Island and the South Island, and numerous smaller islands, most notably Stewart Island/Rakiura and the Chatham Islands.[1] The indigenous Māori originally called the North Island Aotearoa, commonly translated into English as "The Land of the Long White Cloud", a name which is now used for the entire country

New Zealand is situated about 2,000 km (1,200 mi) southeast of Australia across the Tasman Sea, its closest neighbours to the north being New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.

The population is mostly of European descent, with the indigenous Māori being the largest minority. Asians and non-Māori Pacific Islanders are also significant minorities, especially in the cities. Elizabeth II, as the Queen of New Zealand, is the head of state and, in her absence, is represented by a non-partisan governor-general. The Queen 'reigns but does not rule.' She has no real political influence, and her position is essentially symbolic. Political power is held by the democratically elected New Zealand Parliament under the leadership of the Prime Minister, who is the head of government. The Realm of New Zealand also includes the Cook Islands and Niue, which are self-governing but in free association; Tokelau; and the Ross Dependency (New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica).

General reference

Geography of New Zealand

An enlargeable topographic map of New Zealand

Geography of New Zealand

Environment of New Zealand

Satellite image of New Zealand

Environment of New Zealand

Natural geographic features of New Zealand

Political geography of New Zealand

Administrative divisions of New Zealand

Administrative divisions of New Zealand

Demography of New Zealand

Demographics of New Zealand

Government and politics of New Zealand

Elizabeth II is the Queen of New Zealand

Politics of New Zealand

Branches of the government of New Zealand

Government of New Zealand

Executive branch of the government of New Zealand

Legislative branch of the government of New Zealand

Judicial branch of the government of New Zealand

Foreign relations of New Zealand

Foreign relations of New Zealand

International organisation membership

New Zealand is a member of:[1]

Law and order in New Zealand

Law of New Zealand

Military of New Zealand

New Zealand Defence Force

Local government in New Zealand

Local government in New Zealand

History of New Zealand

History of New Zealand

Culture of New Zealand

Culture of New Zealand

Art in New Zealand

Sports in New Zealand

Sports in New Zealand

Economy and infrastructure of New Zealand

Economy of New Zealand

Education in New Zealand

Education in New Zealand

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "New Zealand". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. 2 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009. 

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of New Zealand

  • Te Ara, The Encyclopedia of New Zealand
  • New Zealand Plant Conservation Network website for information about the indigenous flora and species of introduced weed and animal pest
  • Ministry for Culture and Heritage – includes information on flag, anthems and coat of arms
  • New Zealand Government portal
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports regarding New Zealand
  • New Zealand weather
  • NZHistory.net.nz New Zealand history website
  • New Zealand in Profile 2007, by Statistics New Zealand
  • Tourism New Zealand
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