Ouest (department)

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Ouest in Haiti
Ouest in Haiti
Country Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti
Capital Port-au-Prince
 • Type Departmental Council
 • Department 4,982.56 km2 (1,923.78 sq mi)
 • Department 4,029,705
 • Density 810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
ISO 3166 code HT-OU
HDI (2017) 0.535[2]
low · 1st

Ouest (English: West, Haitian Creole: Lwès) is one of the ten departments of Haiti. It is the jurisdictional seat of the national capital, the city of Port-au-Prince. It has an area of 4,982.56 square kilometres (1,923.78 sq mi) and a population of 4,029,705 (2015 Estimate). It borders the Dominican Republic to the east.

It is the second largest department in Haiti after Artibonite. Gonâve Island is also part of the Ouest department. The department's stretch of coastline lies entirely in the Gulf of Gonâve.

Administrative divisions

The Department of Ouest is subdivided into five arrondissements, which are further subdivided into twenty communes.

(with 2009 Population Estimates in parentheses)[3]


2010 7.0 earthquake

Shake map of 2010 Haiti earthquake

On 12 January 2010, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck in the department, the largest in Haiti in two centuries.[4] In the Port-au-Prince Arrondissement, many areas suffered damage.[5] In the Léogâne Arrondissement, the city of Léogâne suffered 80-90% destruction.[6] Other places in Léogâne were also affected.


Absolute poverty levels in the Ouest department are the lowest in the country.[7]


  1. ^ "Population Totale, De 18 ANS ET Plus" (PDF). Ministere De Le E'Conomie Et Des Finances (MEF). Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ "IHSI" (PDF). Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d'Informatique. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  4. ^ CNN News Morning, 13 January 2010
  5. ^ CNN, "The Situation Room", 15 January 2010
  6. ^ ABC News, 'Haiti Disaster Like "No Other"', AFP, Lisa Millar, 17 January 2010 (accessed 17 January 2010)
  7. ^ Mapping Inequality in the Caribbean, December 4, 2010 http://www.haitiedstories.org/haiti-map/

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