Ottawa Citizen

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Ottawa Citizen
Ottawa Citizen (2020-01-15).svg
CAN OC2016.jpg
The February 1, 2016, front page of the Ottawa Citizen
Type Daily
(Sundays discontinued in mid-2012)
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) Postmedia Network
Editor Michelle Richardson
Founded 1845; 175 years ago (1845) (as The Bytown Packet)
Political alignment Centre-right
Language English
Headquarters 1101 Baxter Road
Ottawa, Ontario
K2C 3M4
Circulation 93,277 weekdays
84,394 Saturdays in 2015[1]
ISSN 0839-3222
Website ottawacitizen.com

The Ottawa Citizen is an English-language daily newspaper owned by Postmedia Network in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

History

Former logo

Established as The Bytown Packet in 1845 by William Harris, it was renamed the Citizen in 1851. The newspaper's original motto, which has recently been returned to the editorial page, was Fair play and Day-Light.

The paper has been through a number of owners. In 1846, Harris sold the paper to John Bell and Henry J. Friel. Robert Bell bought the paper in 1849. In 1877, Charles Herbert Mackintosh, the editor under Robert Bell, became publisher. In 1879, it became one of several papers owned by the Southam family. It remained under Southam until the chain was purchased by Conrad Black's Hollinger Inc.. In 2000, Black sold most of his Canadian holdings, including the flagship National Post to CanWest Global.

The editorial view of the Citizen has varied with its ownership, taking a reform, anti-Tory position under Harris and a conservative position under Bell. As part of Southam, it moved to the left, supporting the Liberals largely in opposition to the Progressive Conservative Party's support of free trade in the late 1980s. Under Black, it moved to the right and became a supporter of the Reform Party. In 2002, its publisher Russell Mills was dismissed following the publication of a story critical of Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and an editorial calling for Chrétien's resignation.[2] It endorsed the Conservative Party of Canada in the 2006 federal election.[citation needed]

It published its last Sunday edition on July 15, 2012. The move cut 20 newsroom jobs, and was part of a series of changes made by Postmedia.[3]

The logo used to depict the top of the Peace Tower of the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa. In 2014 it was rebranded, with a new logo showing the paper's name over an outline of the Peace Tower on a green background.

Circulation

Like most Canadian daily newspapers, the Ottawa Citizen has seen a decline in circulation. Its total circulation dropped by 26 percent to 91,796 copies daily from 2009 to 2015.[4]

Daily average[5]
25,000
50,000
75,000
100,000
125,000
150,000
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015


Sections

Daily

  • News
  • World
  • City
  • Sports
  • Arts
  • Business

Weekly

  • Food
  • Driving
  • Technology
  • Homes & Condos

See also

References

  1. ^ "2015 Daily Newspaper Circulation Spreadsheet (Excel)". News Media Canada. Retrieved December 16, 2017. Numbers are based on the total circulation (print plus digital editions).
  2. ^ "Fired publisher named Nieman Fellow Archived January 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine", Harvard Gazette. 2002.
  3. ^ [1] Archived June 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Daily Newspaper Circulation Data". News Media Canada. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
  5. ^ "Daily Newspaper Circulation Data". News Media Canada. Retrieved December 16, 2017. Figures refer to the total circulation (print and digital combined) which includes paid and unpaid copies.

Sources

  • Adam, Mohammed. (January 2, 2005). "When we began 1845: For 160 years, the Citizen has been the 'heartbeat of the community". Ottawa Citizen.
  • Bruce, Charles. News and the Southams. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1968.
  • Kesterton, W. H. A History of Journalism in Canada. Ottawa, Canada: Carleton University Press, 1984. ISBN 978-0-88629-022-1.
  • Rutherford, Paul. A Victorian authority: the daily press in late nineteenth-century Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982. ISBN 978-0-8020-5588-0. DDC 71.1. LCC PN4907.

External links

  • Official website
  • Official mobile version
  • Canadian Newspaper Association
  • The Ottawa Citizen Birth Marriage, Anniversary, Death and Memoriam Notices 1879-1885
  • Google News Archive microfilm archive 1853–1987
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