Otero County, New Mexico

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Otero County, New Mexico
Otero County Court House Alamogordo.jpg
Otero County courthouse in Alamogordo
Map of New Mexico highlighting Otero County
Location in the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded January 30, 1899
Seat Alamogordo
Largest city Alamogordo
Area
 • Total 6,628 sq mi (17,166 km2)
 • Land 6,613 sq mi (17,128 km2)
 • Water 14 sq mi (36 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 65,410
 • Density 9.6/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website co.otero.nm.us

Otero County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 63,797.[1] Its county seat is Alamogordo.[2] Its southern boundary is the Texas state line.

Otero County comprises the Alamogordo, NM Micropolitan Statistical Area.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,628 square miles (17,170 km2), of which 6,613 square miles (17,130 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4] It is the third-largest county in New Mexico by area.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 7,069
1920 7,902 11.8%
1930 9,779 23.8%
1940 10,522 7.6%
1950 14,909 41.7%
1960 36,976 148.0%
1970 41,097 11.1%
1980 44,665 8.7%
1990 51,928 16.3%
2000 62,298 20.0%
2010 63,797 2.4%
Est. 2016 65,410 [5] 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census[10], there were 62,298 people, 22,984 households, and 16,801 families residing in the county. The population density was 9 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 29,272 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 73.71% White, 3.92% Black or African American, 5.80% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 11.67% from other races, and 3.60% from two or more races. 32.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,984 households out of which 37.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.90% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.50% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,861, and the median income for a family was $34,781. Males had a median income of $27,657 versus $18,470 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,345. About 15.60% of families and 19.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.90% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 63,797 people, 24,464 households, and 16,641 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 9.6 inhabitants per square mile (3.7/km2). There were 30,992 housing units at an average density of 4.7 per square mile (1.8/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 72.7% white, 6.7% American Indian, 3.5% black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 11.5% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 34.5% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 13.4% were German, 8.1% were English, 8.0% were Irish, and 4.4% were American.[13]

Of the 24,464 households, 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.0% were non-families, and 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 36.5 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,615 and the median income for a family was $46,210. Males had a median income of $32,939 versus $25,965 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,255. About 15.2% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.0% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Communities

City

Villages

Census-designated places

Other communities

Other places

Coordinates: 32°37′N 105°44′W / 32.62°N 105.73°W / 32.62; -105.73

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 59.3% 11,887 30.5% 6,124 10.2% 2,049
2012 62.2% 12,451 34.1% 6,829 3.7% 732
2008 58.8% 12,806 39.6% 8,610 1.6% 350
2004 67.7% 14,066 31.0% 6,433 1.3% 265
2000 63.3% 10,258 33.7% 5,465 3.0% 481
1996 55.5% 9,065 36.4% 5,938 8.2% 1,334
1992 46.2% 7,481 33.2% 5,377 20.6% 3,345
1988 64.5% 9,984 34.1% 5,284 1.4% 210
1984 69.2% 9,751 29.6% 4,167 1.2% 169
1980 60.3% 7,210 34.4% 4,111 5.4% 644
1976 52.1% 5,914 47.0% 5,333 0.9% 105
1972 65.9% 7,033 27.9% 2,981 6.2% 656
1968 43.8% 4,475 38.9% 3,978 17.3% 1,771
1964 36.6% 3,498 63.1% 6,035 0.3% 27
1960 47.8% 4,507 52.2% 4,916 0.0% 3
1956 60.5% 3,919 39.5% 2,558 0.1% 6
1952 53.2% 2,456 46.8% 2,162 0.0% 2
1948 36.3% 1,354 63.3% 2,361 0.5% 18
1944 43.6% 1,467 56.3% 1,892 0.1% 3
1940 47.1% 1,596 52.8% 1,788 0.2% 5
1936 39.7% 1,333 59.3% 1,989 1.0% 33
1932 31.0% 969 66.9% 2,091 2.1% 67
1928 51.9% 1,250 47.7% 1,148 0.4% 10
1924 41.2% 832 43.8% 886 15.0% 303
1920 51.4% 1,229 45.8% 1,095 2.9% 69
1916 37.0% 561 54.4% 824 8.6% 130
1912 21.9% 220 41.8% 420 36.4% 366

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 30, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Alamogordo, NM Micropolitan Statistical Area" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 2006. Retrieved September 9, 2009. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading

  • Sites Southwest LLC & Bohannan Huston Inc. (October 2005). Otero County Comprehensive Plan (PDF) (Report). County of Otero. Retrieved August 31, 2009. 
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