Order of the Norwegian Lion

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Order of the Norwegian Lion
Den norske løve
Kraschan Norska Lejonets orden - Livrustkammaren - 22496.tif
Star of the Order of the Norwegian Lion
Type Single grade Order of knighthood
Country  Norway
Ribbon NorwegianLion.ribbon.jpg
Status repealed by Court resolution 11 March 1952
Statistics
Last induction 10 September 1904
Total inductees 11
Precedence
Next (higher) none
Next (lower) Order of St. Olav
Related Order of the Seraphim
Den Norske Løve.png
Badge of the order

The Order of the Norwegian Lion was a Norwegian order of knighthood established by King Oscar II on 21 January 1904, "in memory of the glorious events associated with Norway’s venerable Coat of Arms".[1]

The order was established as an equivalent in rank to the Swedish Order of the Seraphim as knights of the Norwegian Order of St. Olav ranked below the knights of the Seraphim in the shared Swedish-Norwegian royal court. However the expansion of the Norwegian honours system received mixed reactions amongst Norwegian politicians.

The Union between Sweden and Norway was dissolved in 1905 before any Norwegian knights had been appointed and King Haakon VII chose not to appoint any new knights. He formally repealed the order in a Court resolution on 11 March 1952. The last living knight was King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden who died in 1973.

King Oscar II with the ribbon and star of the order

Complete list of knights

No Name Known for Year
Appointed
1 Union between Sweden and Norway The King Royal Family 21 January 1904
2 Union between Sweden and Norway The Crown Prince
3 Union between Sweden and Norway The Duke of Skåne
4 Union between Sweden and Norway The Duke of Södermanland
5 Union between Sweden and Norway The Duke of Västmanland
6 Union between Sweden and Norway The Duke of Västergötland
7 Union between Sweden and Norway The Duke of Närke

Honorary Knights

No Name Known for Year
Appointed
1 German Empire Wilhelm II German Emperor 27 January 1904
2 Austria-Hungary Franz Joseph I Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary 5 April 1904
3 Denmark Christian IX King of Denmark 10 September 1904
4 French Third Republic Émile Loubet President of France 1 December 1904

King Haakon VII formally became Grand Master on 18 November 1905, but never wore any of the order's insignias.

References

  1. ^ Norwegian Royal House web page on the order Retrieved 15. September 2007
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