Operation Tariq al-Qods

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Operation Tariq al-Qods
Part of Iran–Iraq War
Date 29 November – 7 December 1981
(1 week and 1 day)
Location Dasht-e-Azadegan, Bostan and west of Susangerd, in Khuzestan, South-West Iran
Result Decisive Iranian victory
Territorial
changes
Iran retakes Bostan area (including 60 towns, 70 villages; 800 km2), threatening to cut off Iraqi forces in Susangerd
Iran retakes Chazzabeh mountain pass, reaching Hawizeh Marshes
Belligerents
 Iraq  Iran
Commanders and leaders
Iran Hossein Kharrazi
Iran Mohammad Boroujerdi
Iran Gholam Ali Rashid
Iran Massoud Monfared Niyaki
Casualties and losses

≈2,500
170 tanks and APCs, 200 vehicles, 13 aircraft, 4 helicopters destroyed.

15 tanks and APCs, 250 vehicles, 30 anti-aircraft pieces, 19 artillery pieces, 12 loaders and bulldozers captured.[1]
≈6,000
Dozens of armored vehicles
Several AH-1J Cobra helicopters

Operation Tariq al-Qods (Persian: عملیات طریق القدس‎, meaning "the way to Qods") was an operation in the Iran–Iraq War launched by Iran to free Bostan.

The battle

The Operation was launched on 29 November 1981 and lasted more than a week. The Iranians used human wave attacks in their offensive for the first time in the war. Fierce fighting raged with the Iraqi defenders for one week. The Iranians were able to successfully liberate Bostan. During the operation Iran lost more than twice as many men as the Iraqis. Even so, the attrition rate was in Iran's favor. Iran was now able to eliminate an important supply route. This was extremely critical because Iraq did not have enough soldiers for a long front line. 2,500 Iraqis and 6,000 Iranians had been killed in the fighting.[citation needed]

Order of battle

Iran

Source: [2][3]

Iraq

Iraqi order of battle at the onset of the operation was as follows:[4]

  • 321st Artillery Battalion
  • 330th Artillery Battalion
  • 355th Artillery Battalion
  • 368th Artillery Battalion
  • 382nd Artillery Battalion
  • 390th Artillery Battalion
    • 1 artillery battery
  • 362nd Artillery Battalion
    • 2 artillery batteries
  • Iraqi Air Force

North of Karkheh:

South of Karkheh:

References

  1. ^ http://www7.irna.ir/fa/News/81858281/
  2. ^ http://www.tabnak.ir/fa/news/206656/%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA%DB%8C-%DA%A9%D9%87-%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%AE%D9%85%DB%8C%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B1%D9%87-%D8%A2%D9%86-%D8%B1%D8%A7-%D9%81%D8%AA%D8%AD-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%81%D8%AA%D9%88%D8%AD-%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%85%DB%8C%D8%AF
  3. ^ http://www.aviny.com/Occasion/enghelab_jang/defaemoghaddas/87/Amaliatha/Tarighol%20ghods/Tarigh%20alghods.aspx
  4. ^ http://www.negineiran.ir/article_3206.html
  • "A Hot and Holy War", by Patricia Blake, Time, March 22, 1982.
  • The First Gulf War (Iran and Iraq at War in the 1980s)


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