Onehunga (New Zealand electorate)

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Onehunga electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996.

Onehunga, initially with the formal name of Town of Onehunga, is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the south of the city of Auckland. Between 1861 and 1881, and between 1938 and 1996, it was represented by seven Members of Parliament. It was a stronghold for the Labour Party.

Population centres

In the 1860 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of representatives by 12, reflecting the immense population growth since the original electorates were established in 1853. The redistribution created 15 additional electorates with between one and three members, and Onehunga was one of the single-member electorates.[1] The electorates were distributed to provinces so that every province had at least two members. Within each province, the number of registered electors by electorate varied greatly.[1]

The 1931 New Zealand census had been cancelled due to the Great Depression, so the 1937 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth into account. The increasing population imbalance between the North and South Islands had slowed, and only one electorate seat was transferred from south to north. Five electorates were abolished, one former electorate (Onehunga) was re-established, and four electorates were created for the first time.[2]

The electorate was urban, and comprised a number of suburbs in the southern part of Auckland.

History

The electorate existed in the 19th century from 1861 to 1871 as Town of Onehunga, and then from 1871 to 1881 as Onehunga.[3] For the whole period the seat was held by George O'Rorke,[4] who became Speaker of the House of Representatives in 1879.[5]

Onehunga was recreated in 1938,[3] and lasted to 1996. With the introduction of MMP in 1996, Onehunga and Panmure were combined into the new electorate of Maungakiekie.

Except for 1990–1993, Onehunga was held by Labour from its 1938 recreation.

Members of Parliament

The Onehunga electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament.

Key

 Independent    Labour    National  

Election Winner
(electorate established as Town of Onehunga in 1860)
1861 election George O'Rorke
1866 election
(electorate renamed Onehunga in 1871)
1871 election George O'Rorke
1875 election
1879 election
(Electorate abolished 1881–1938)
1938 election Arthur Osborne
1943 election
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1953 by-election Hugh Watt
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election Frank Rogers
1978 election
1980 by-election Fred Gerbic
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Grahame Thorne
1993 election Richard Northey
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Maungakiekie)

Election results

1993 election

General election, 1993: Onehunga [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Northey 7,183 35.5
National Grahame Thorne 6,776 33.5 -9.6
Alliance Matt Robson 3,503 17.3
NZ First Ian Shearer 2,132 10.5
Christian Heritage B Paterson 318 1.5
McGillicuddy Serious R Foster 110 0.6
Natural Law B Lee 95 0.5
Independent W Jordan 89 0.4
Majority 407 2.0
Turnout 20,206

1990 election

General election, 1990: Onehunga [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Grahame Thorne 8,290 43.1
Labour Fred Gerbic 7,678 39.9 -16.4
Green Laurie Ross 1,909 9.9
NewLabour M Philip 1,016 5.2
Social Credit J Matthews 170 0.8
Democrats Arthur Drabble 148 0.7
Majority 612 3.1
Turnout 19,211

1987 election

General election, 1987: Onehunga [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Gerbic 10,753 56.3 +5.1
National A A Stanley 7,424 38.8
Democrats T K Park 937 4.9
Majority 3,329 17.5 -2.8
Turnout 22,652 89.1 -4.0

1984 election

General election, 1984: Onehunga [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Gerbic 11,354 51.2 +3.9
National Carol Freeman 6,846 30.9
NZ Party Peter Blakeborogh 2,894 13.1
Social Credit D M Terei 841 3.8
Values R H G Symons 137 0.6
Independent S R Lusby 83 0.4
Majority 4,508 20.3 +9.6
Turnout 24,740 93.1 +4.4

1981 election

General election, 1981: Onehunga [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Gerbic 8,925 47.3 -0.8
National Sue Wood 6,913 26.6 -12.6
Social Credit Stuart Perry 3,040 16.1 +15.1
Majority 2,012 10.7 +1.8
Turnout 21,451 88.7 +32.2

1980 by-election

Onehunga by-election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Gerbic 6,543 48.11
National Sue Wood 5,336 39.24
Social Credit T K Wood 1,535 11.29
Independent Stuart Perry 134 0.99
Cheer Up Vince Terreni 35 0.26
Imperial British Conservative J M Overton 17 0.13
Majority 1,207 8.89
Turnout 13,600
Labour hold Swing

1978 election

General election, 1978: Onehunga [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Rogers 8,837 47.0 +0.9
National Barrie Hutchinson 7,420 39.5
Social Credit T K Park 2,135 11.3
Values D Paton 390 2.1
National Socialist Colin King-Ansell 22 0.1
Majority 1,417 7.5 +1.7
Turnout 31,199 60.7 -16.2

1975 election

General election, 1975: Onehunga [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Rogers 8,264 46.1
National K A O'Brien 7,220 40.3
Social Credit J M Charlton 1,264 7.1
Values Jack Frost 1,129 6.3
Socialist Unity J B Willis 35 0.2
Majority 1,044 5.8
Turnout 23,501 76.9 -10.6

1972 election

General election, 1972: Onehunga [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Watt 10,053 58.7 -1.2
National Peter Blakeborough 5,2018 30.5
Social Credit A Benson 1,669 9.7 +1.1
New Democratic A O A Bree 194 1.1
Majority 4,835 28.2 -0.2
Turnout 19,767 87.5 +4.1

1969 election

General election, 1969: Onehunga [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Watt 9,574 59.9 +1.4
National D T L Double 5,035 31.5 +2.8
Social Credit A Benson 1,373 8.6
Majority 4,539 28.4 -1.4
Turnout 18,657 83.4 -6.0

1966 election

General election, 1966: Onehunga [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Watt 8,361 58.5 -4.6
National D T L Double 4,096 28.7
Social Credit J Robinson 1,828 12.8
Majority 4,265 29.8 -4.0
Turnout 17,045 83.4 -6.0

1963 election

General election, 1963: Onehunga [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Watt 9,567 63.1 -2.0
National J P Mason 4,440 29.3
Social Credit J C Leitch 741 4.9 +0.9
Liberal W F Lauder 274 1.8
Communist S H Hieatt 132 0.9
Majority 5,127 33.8 -1.1
Turnout 17,045 89.4 -0.1

1960 election

General election, 1960: Onehunga [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Watt 8,785 65.1 -2.2
National Paul Brian Phillips 4,080 30.2
Social Credit John Clarence Leitch 534 4.0
Communist Donald McEwan 97 0.7
Majority 4,705 34.9 -4.3
Turnout 17,045 89.4 -0.1

1957 election

General election, 1957: Onehunga [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Watt 9,752 67.3 +4.8
National Donald Watson 4,066 28.1
Social Credit George Alexander Pealing 667 4.6
Majority 5,686 39.2 +8.8
Turnout 15,466 94.2 +1.9

1954 election

General election, 1954: Onehunga [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Watt 9,033 62.5 -4.5
National Alfred E. Allen 4,644 32.1
Social Credit Ernest Richard James 777 5.4
Majority 4,389 30.4 -3.6
Turnout 15,797 92.3 +28.9

1953 by-election

Onehunga by-election, 1953[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Watt 6,868 66.99
National Leonard George Bradley 3,385 33.01
Majority 3,483 33.97
Informal votes 13 0.13
Turnout 13,749 63.48
Registered electors 16,171
Labour hold Swing

1951 election

General election, 1951: Onehunga [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Osborne 8,017 57.0 -0.3
National Leonard George Bradley 6,051 43.0
Majority 1,966 14.0 -2.0
Turnout 16,171 87.2 -5.3

1949 election

General election, 1949: Onehunga [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Osborne 8,255 57.3 -5.1
National A A Coates 5,955 41.3
Communist R Stanley 198 1.4
Majority 2,300 16.0 -8.8
Turnout 15,658 92.5 -1.8

1946 election

General election, 1946: Onehunga [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Osborne 8,639 62.4
National W K King 5,215 37.6
Majority 3,424 24.8
Turnout 14,703 94.3

1943 election

General election, 1943: Onehunga[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Osborne 8,993 55.68
National John Park 5,704 35.31
Democratic Labour Norman Douglas 1,099 6.80
Real Democracy Theodore Edwin Somerville 287 1.77
People's Movement Louis Edgar Read 67 0.41
Informal votes 115 0.71
Majority 3,324 20.58
Turnout 16,150

Notes

  1. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 35.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 87–92.
  3. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 269.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 225.
  5. ^ Rogers, Frank. "O'Rorke, George Maurice". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  6. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. 
  7. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, p. 296.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Norton 1988, p. 295.
  10. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. 80 (24713). 13 October 1943. p. 5. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 

References

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand parliamentary election results, 1946–1987. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington Department of Political Science. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
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