Omar Ali Saifuddin I

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Omar Ali Saifuddin I
I عمر علي سيف الدين
Omar Ali Saifuddin I.jpg
Tombstone of Omar Ali Saifuddin I
18th Sultan of Brunei
Reign 1740–1795
Coronation 1742
Predecessor Muhammad Alauddin
Heir apparent Muhammad Tajuddin
Born (1711-02-03)3 February 1711
Brunei Town, Brunei
Died 2 January 1795(1795-01-02) (aged 83)
Brunei Town, Brunei
Spouse Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Puteri Nor Alam
Pengiran Anak Puteri
Pengiran Anak Puteri Bongsu
Wan Puteh
Dayang Siti Merdewi binti Manteri Omar
Issue
Detail
Sultan Muhammad Tajuddin
[1]Sultan Muhammad Kanzul Alam
Pengiran Anak Puteri Babau
Pengiran Shahbandar Pengiran Anak Abdul Wahab
Pengiran Kesuma Negara Pengiran Anak Abdul Karim
Pengiran Kerma Negara Pengiran Anak Apong
Pengiran Anak Siti Aishah
Pengiran Anak Saleha
Pehin Orang Kaya Digadong Seri Nara Indera Pengiran Seri Ahmad[2]
House Bolkiah
Father Muhammad Alauddin
Mother Pengiran Anak Sharbanun
Religion Sunni Islam

Omar Ali Saifuddin I (died 10 July 1795) was the Sultan of Brunei from 1740 until his death in 1795. He succeeded his father in law, Sultan Hussin Kamaluddin as Sultan of Brunei upon the latter's abdication from the throne in 1740.[3]

Background

His Highness was the son of Sultan Muhammad Alauddin Ibni Al Marhum Pengiran Di-Gadong Pengiran Muda Shah Mubin and Pengiran Anak Sharbanun binti Pengiran Bendahara Pengiran Untong.

Accession to the Throne

After Sultan Hussin Kamaluddin abdicated from the throne, Pengiran Muda Omar Ali Saifuddin ascended the throne to become the next Sultan of Brunei. According to Sir Hugh Low, the new Sultan was still very young when he ascended the throne.

Reign

  • His Highness tried to preserve peace and prosperity in Brunei, as had been done by his predecessor.
  • Thomas Forrest visited Brunei in February 1776.
  • His Highness had sent an armed force to attack Manila, led by Pehin Orang Kaya Di-Gadong Seri Lela Awang Aliwaddin. His army defeated the Spaniards in Manila and captured some prisoners.
  • Datuk Teting, who defeated the British troops at Balambangan in 1774, tried to arrange an attack on Brunei, but was defeated by Pengiran Temenggong Ampa, who was also the Sultan's uncle.

Death

The mausoleum (dome) of Omar Ali Saifuddin I at Kubah Makam Di Raja, Bandar Seri Begawan.

His Highness died on 10 July 1795 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Muhammad Tajuddin. He was buried at the Kubah Makam Di Raja in Bandar Seri Begawan. He was the first Sultan to be buried there. He was known as 'Marhum Makam Besar'.

References

  1. ^ Pengiran Muda Besar Muhammad Ayub
  2. ^ Umar, Jamil (2008). Dato Godam (fourth ed.). Bandar Seri Begawan: Pusat Sejarah Brunei. p. 251. ISBN 99917-34-37-6. 
  3. ^ "brunei7". www.royalark.net. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Muhammad Alauddin
Sultan of Brunei
1740–1795
Succeeded by
Muhammad Tajuddin
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