Olive skin

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Olive skin is a human skin color spectrum. It is often associated with pigmentation in the Type III[1][2] to Type IV and Type V ranges of the Fitzpatrick scale.[3][4] It generally refers to light or moderate brown, brownish, or tannish skin, and it is often described as having yellowish, greenish, or golden undertones.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

People with olive skin can sometimes become more pale if their sun exposure is limited. Lighter olive skin tans more easily than does fair skin, and generally still retains notable yellow or greenish undertones.[14][15][16]

Geographic distribution

Type III pigmentation is frequent among populations from parts of the Mediterranean, Asia, and Latin America.[1][17][18] It ranges from cream to darker olive[2] skin tones.[19] This skin type sometimes mildly burns and tans gradually, but always tans.[19][2]

Type IV pigmentation is frequent among populations from the Mediterranean, as well as parts of Asia and Latin America.[3][20] It ranges from brownish or darker olive[4] to moderate brown, typical Mediterranean skin tones.[21] This skin type rarely burns and tans easily.[19]

Type V pigmentation is frequent among populations from the Middle East,[19] parts of the Mediterranean,[3] parts of Africa,[22] Latin America,[3] and the Indian subcontinent.[23] It ranges from olive[4] to tan, Middle Eastern skin tones.[19] This skin type very rarely burns and tans quite easily.[19]

See also


  1. ^ a b Watson, Ronald Ross (2013). Handbook of Vitamin D in Human Health: Prevention, Treatment and Toxicity. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers. ISSN 2212-375X.
  2. ^ a b c Costello, Declan; Winter, Stuart (2013). Viva Training in ENT: Preparation for the FRCS (ORL-HNS). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 16. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d Pfenninger, John L. (2001). Dermatologic and Cosmetic Procedures in Office Practice. Elsevier Health Sciences.
  4. ^ a b c Mayeaux, E. J. (2015). The Essential Guide to Primary Care Procedures. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  5. ^ McCoy, Susan (Sep 1988). "Your True Colors". Ski. 53 (1): 266. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  6. ^ Johnson Gross, Kim (1997). Woman's Face: Skin Care and Makeup. Knopf.
  7. ^ Richmond, JoAnne (Aug 8, 2008). Reinvent Yourself with Color Me Beautiful: Four Seasons of Color, Makeup, and Style. Taylor Trade Publications. p. 160. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  8. ^ "Redbook". Redbook Publishing Company. 161: 87. 1983.
  9. ^ Sesdelli, Maryellen; Fremont, Shelly D. (April 1, 1993). Beauty Basics. Berkley Publishing Group. p. 66.
  10. ^ Watson, Rosie (2007). Make-Up. New Holland Publishers. p. 62.
  11. ^ In Style: Getting Gorgeous: The Step-By-Step Guide to Your Best Hair, Makeup and Skin. Time Incorporated. Oct 11, 2005.
  12. ^ Conway, Paula; Regan, Maureen (2006). The Beauty Buyble: The Best Beauty Products of 2007. Regan Books.
  13. ^ Burns, Paul Callans; Singer, Joe (1979). The Portrait Painter's Problem Book. Watson-Guptill Publications.
  14. ^ Mercola, Joseph (2008). Dark Deception: Discover the Truths About the Benefits of Sunlight Exposure. Thomas Nelson Inc. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  15. ^ Trew, Sally (2013). Idiot's Guides: Making Natural Beauty Products. Penguin. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  16. ^ Kidd, Jemma (2013). Jemma Kidd Make-Up Masterclass. Aurum Press. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  17. ^ Kontoes, Paraskevas (2017). State of the art in Blepharoplasty: From Surgery to the Avoidance of Complications. Springer. p. 26. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  18. ^ Novick, Nelson Lee (1991). Super Skin: A Leading Dermatologist's Guide to the Latest Breakthrough's in Skin Care. Crown Publishing. p. 20. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  19. ^ a b c d e f "The Fitzpatrick Skin Type Classification Scale". Skin Inc. (November 2007). Retrieved 7 January 2014.; under Tables - Fitzpatrick Skin Type Classification Scale
  20. ^ Small, Rebecca (2012). Practical Guide to Chemical Peels, Microdermabrasion & Topical Products. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 21. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  21. ^ Lall, Namrita (2017). Medicinal Plants for Holistic Health and Well-Being. Academic Press. p. 137. ISBN 0128124768. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  22. ^ Standard Esthetics: Advanced. Nelson. 2012. ISBN 1285401492. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  23. ^ Robyn Lucas, Tony McMichael, Wayne Smith, Bruce Armstrong, World Health Organization (2006). "Solar Ultraviolet Radiation - Global burden of disease from solar ultraviolet radiation" (PDF). Environmental Burden of Disease Series (13): 13. Retrieved 7 August 2014.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
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