Oklahoma Democratic Party

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Oklahoma Democratic Party
Chairperson Anna Langthorn[1]
Senate Leader John Sparks
(Norman)
House Leader Scott Inman
(Oklahoma City)
Founded 1907
Headquarters
3700 N Classen Blvd., Suite 100
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73118
Youth wing Young Democrats of Oklahoma
Ideology Liberalism
Progressivism
Social liberalism
Political position Center to Center-left
National affiliation Democratic Party
Unofficial colors Blue
US Senate
(Oklahoman seats)
0 / 2
US House
(Oklahoman seats)
0 / 5
OK statewide offices held
0 / 11
Seats in the Oklahoma Senate
8 / 48
Seats in the Oklahoma House
27 / 101
Website
www.okdemocrats.org

The Oklahoma Democratic Party is an Oklahoma political party affiliated with the United States Democratic Party. Along with the Oklahoma Republican Party, it is one of the two major parties in Oklahoma politics.

The party dominated local politics in Oklahoma almost since the days of early statehood in 1907 to 1994. In national politics, the party became a dominant force beginning with the presidential election of 1932 and the Franklin D. Roosevelt political re-alignment. From 1932 to 1994, the majority of members of Congress from Oklahoma have been Democrats, and of the 27 men and women who have been elected to the office of Governor of Oklahoma, 22 have been Democrats.[2]

However, the party has fared poorly since 1994. Democrats lost five out of six congressional races that year and since then have only won a single seat back, only to lose it again in the 2012 election. In response, the traditionally disorganized Oklahoma Democrats have taken steps to create a more organized state party, hiring a professional executive director in 1995.[3] Even so, Democrats continued to lose ground in the 2000s, losing control of both the Oklahoma House of Representatives and the Oklahoma Senate. In 2008, Oklahoma gave the lowest percentage of any state's vote to national Democrat Barack Obama in the presidential election.

As of January 15, 2013, there are 962,072 registered Democratic voters in Oklahoma.[4]

In the 2012 general election, the party was successful in defending all incumbents in the Oklahoma Legislature and defeating two Republican House members.

History

The Oklahoma Democratic Party once dominated state politics for much of Oklahoma history from 1907 to 1994, with its strength in greatest concentrations in the southeastern part of the state, known as "Little Dixie" because of the post-Reconstruction migration of people from southern states such as Mississippi, Texas and Arkansas.[3]

Upon statehood, all but one of the Congressional seats was held by Democrats. The Democrats won eighteen of the twenty-one gubernatorial elections since its statehood in 1907. The Democratic Party held on average 81 percent of the seats in the state legislature between 1907 and 1973.[5] With the onset of the Great Depression, the party gained even more influence for several decades.

The first legislature, dominated by Democratic party members, passed legislation that made it nearly impossible for African-Americans to seek elective office.[6]

Democratic opposition to deficit spending in the late 1930s marked a growing conservative movement in the party, which led to a 1941 constitutional amendment requiring legislators to pass a balanced budget.[7] The growing conservative movement in the party also led to the rejection of many New Deal programs after initial acceptance in the early 1930s.[8]

After the federal Voting Rights Act and congressional reapportionment in Oklahoma in the 1960s, black state lawmakers returned to the Oklahoma Legislature, this time many aligning with the Democratic Party and hailing from Tulsa or Oklahoma City.[9]

Since the 1980s the party has seen a decline as Christian fundamentalists have shifted to the Republican Party. The Democratic Party has not attained more than 41 percent of the vote for president. As of 2000 about 55 percent of Oklahoma voters registered as Democrats.[10] The party continues to decline in strength in both the Oklahoma Legislature and executive branch. For the first time since statehood, Republicans hold all statewide-elected offices starting in 2011.

Current structure and composition

The Oklahoma Democratic Party headquarters is located North Classen Boulevard in Oklahoma City.[11] They host the biennial state conventions in May of odd-numbered years, in which they elect executive officers and delegates to the Democratic National Committee. The Democratic National Committee is responsible for promoting Democratic campaign activities, overseeing the process of writing the national Democratic Platform, and supervising the Democratic National Convention. Delegates serve four-year terms concurrent with presidential elections.

Anna Langthorn became the newly elected chair of the party May 20, 2017. Brian Jones was elected vice chair that year.[12] Jim Frasier and Betty McElderry are delegates for the Democratic National Committee.[12]

The state party coordinates campaign activities with Democratic candidates and county parties, and officers who correspond with the state's five Congressional districts. In 2005, the Democratic National Committee began a program called the "50 State Strategy" of using national funds to assist all state parties and pay for full-time professional staffers.[13]

The Young Democrats of Oklahoma is the official age 13-35 division of the Oklahoma Democratic Party.[14]

Officers and Staff

Officers:

  • Chair, Anna Langthorn[1]
  • Vice Chair, Brian Jones[1]
  • Secretary, Dave Ratcliff
  • Treasurer, Rachel Hunsucker[1]

Staff:

  • Executive Director, Anna Langthorn
  • Communications Director, Angela Allmond
  • Political Outreach Director, Christine Byrd
  • Data/IT Director, Andrew Rickel

[15]

Ideology

The Oklahoma Democratic Party is made up of conservative, centrist and liberal members. Less than a third of registered Democratic voters in Oklahoma supported President Barack Obama in 2012, due to the larger proliferation of conservative and centrist members of the party.[16]

Compared to other Democratic factions, Centrist members of the Oklahoma Democratic Party support the use of military force and the use of deadly force in self-defense. They are more willing to reduce government welfare. Many Oklahoma Democrats are socially conservative by supporting the United States pro-life movement and traditional marriage. The Oklahoma Democratic Party tends to support moderate to conservative positions on gun control and open carry.

The Oklahoma Democratic Party held a state convention on May 14, 2011, in which they discussed a number of platform positions.[17] Participants discussed support for public health programs, government-funded embryonic stem cell research, the legalization of medical marijuana, education funding, and opposition to voucher programs that divert tax dollars to private institutions.[17] They also discussed the state party's support of teacher's rights to unionize and policies to protect homeowners from unfair foreclosures.[17] Other party platform positions included support for the elimination of predatory lending practices, support for limitations on credit card interest rates, support for the elimination of the state sales tax on food, support for increasing taxes on the wealthiest citizens of Oklahoma, and support for reforms to the state criminal justice system.[17] The party's position on gun laws was moderate, stating support for limited, but responsible gun laws.[17] The party also supports continued investments in green energies.[17]

Current elected officials

The Oklahoma Democratic Party holds none of the statewide offices, no majority in either state legislative chamber, neither of the state's U.S. Senate seats and none of the state's U.S. House seats.

Legislative leadership

Notable Oklahoma Democrats

Democratic Governors

As of 2018, there have been a total of 22 Democratic Party Governors.

# Name Portrait Lifespan Gubernatorial
start date
Gubernatorial
end date
1 Charles N. Haskell Governor haskell.JPG 1860–1933 November 16, 1907 January 9, 1911
2 Lee Cruce Lee Cruce.jpg 1863–1933 January 9, 1911 January 11, 1915
3 Robert L. Williams RobertLWilliams.jpg 1868–1948 January 11, 1915 January 13, 1919
4 James B. A. Robertson JBA Robertson 1920.jpg 1871–1938 January 13, 1919 January 8, 1923
5 Jack C. Walton Jack Walton.jpg 1881–1949 January 8, 1923 November 19, 1923
6 Martin E. Trapp MartinETrapp.jpg 1877–1951 November 19, 1923 January 10, 1927
7 Henry S. Johnston 1867–1965 January 10, 1927 March 20, 1929
8 William J. Holloway Governor William Holloway.jpg 1888–1970 March 20, 1929 January 12, 1931
9 William H. Murray Murray 3820618984 5cb0d9555b o.jpg 1869–1956 January 12, 1931 January 14, 1935
10 E. W. Marland E. W. Marland (Oklahoma Governor).jpg 1874–1941 January 15, 1935 January 9, 1939
11 Leon C. Phillips Leon Phillips 1938.jpg 1890–1958 January 9, 1939 January 11, 1943
12 Robert S. Kerr Robert S. Kerr.jpg 1896–1963 January 11, 1943 January 13, 1947
13 Roy J. Turner Roy J. Turner.jpg 1894–1973 January 13, 1947 January 8, 1951
14 Johnston Murray Gov Johnston Murray.jpg 1902–1974 January 8, 1951 January 10, 1955
15 Raymond D. Gary Raymond Gary.jpg 1908–1993 January 10, 1955 January 12, 1959
16 J. Howard Edmondson JHEdmondson.jpg 1925–1971 January 12, 1959 January 6, 1963
17 George Nigh
George Nigh.jpg 1927– January 6, 1963 January 14, 1963
20 David Hall David Hall (Oklahoma Governor).jpg 1930–2016 January 11, 1971 January 13, 1975
21 David Boren Senator David Boren.jpg 1941– January 13, 1975 January 8, 1979
22 George Nigh George Nigh.jpg 1927– January 8, 1979 January 12, 1987
24 David Walters David Walters.jpg 1951– January 14, 1991 January 9, 1995
26 Brad Henry BradhenryDEA.jpg 1963– January 13, 2003 January 10, 2011

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d At 24, Langthorn is new chair of Okla Dem Party
  2. ^ Oklahoma Government, Oklahoma Historical Society (accessed February 11, 2010).
  3. ^ a b Gaddie, Ronald Keith. Democratic Party, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed February 11, 2010).
  4. ^ 2013 Registration Report, Oklahoma State Election Board (accessed May 12, 2013)
  5. ^ Carney, George O., "McGuire, George O. (1865-1930)," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture Archived May 31, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. (accessed May 28, 2010).
  6. ^ Bruce, Michael L. "Hamlin, Albert Comstock (1881-1912)" http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=HA015, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society. (accessed April 17, 2013)
  7. ^ Everett, Dianna. Budget-Balancing Amendment, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 11, 2013)
  8. ^ Bryant Jr., Keith L. New Deal, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 9, 2013)
  9. ^ Franklin, Jimmie Lewis. African Americans, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture Archived April 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (accessed May 11, 2013)
  10. ^ Gaddie, Ronald Keith. "Democratic Party." Oklahoma Historical Society. Ed. Nancy L Bednar. Oklahoma Historical Society. Ed. Ronald Keith Gaddie. Web. Nov. 7 2011. http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/D/DE013.html.,
  11. ^ Contact Us, Oklahoma Democratic Party (accessed February 11, 2010).
  12. ^ a b Staff and Officers, Oklahoma Democratic Party (accessed February 11, 2010).
  13. ^ Gilgoff, Dan (16 July 2006). "Dean's List". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on July 8, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2007. 
  14. ^ Ydoklahoma.com (accessed May 11, 2013)
  15. ^ http://www.okdemocrats.org
  16. ^ 2012 Election Analysis: Obama and Oklahoma Democrats, Soonerpoll.com (accessed May 11, 2013)
  17. ^ a b c d e f Baggett, James. "Oklahoma Democrats." 2011 Convention: Rules, Resolutions, Affirmative Action Committee members (two men and two women); to consider proposed Minutes from 2009. Oklahoma Democrats, n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2011. <http://www.okdemocrats.org 2011-convention-rules-resolutions-minutes-from-2009>.

External links

  • Oklahoma Democratic Party
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