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Maple leaf in October.

October is the tenth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the sixth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The eighth month in the old Roman calendar, October retained its name (from the Latin ôctō meaning "eight") after January and February were inserted into the calendar that had originally been created by the Romans. In Ancient Rome, one of three Mundus patet would take place on October 5, Meditrinalia October 11, Augustalia on October 12, October Horse on October 15, and Armilustrium on October 19. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar. Among the Anglo-Saxons, it was known as Winterfylleth, because at this full moon (fylleth) winter was supposed to begin.[1]

October is commonly associated with the season of autumn in the Northern hemisphere and with spring in the Southern hemisphere.

Other October observances

This list does not necessarily imply either official status or general observance.

Non-Gregorian observances: 2018 dates

(Please note that all Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at sundown prior to the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Month-long observances

United Kingdom

United States

The last two to three weeks in October (and, occasionally, the first week of November) are the only time of the year during which each of the "Big Four" major North American professional sports leagues schedule games; the National Basketball Association begins its preseason and about two weeks later starts the regular season, the National Hockey League is about one month into its regular season, the National Football League is about halfway through its regular season, and Major League Baseball is in its postseason with the League Championship Series and World Series. There have been 17 occasions in which all four leagues have played games on the same day (an occurrence popularly termed a "sports equinox"), with the most recent of these having taken place on October 19, 2017.[7] Additionally, the Canadian Football League is typically nearing the end of its regular season during this period, while Major League Soccer is beginning the MLS Cup Playoffs.

United States, Health-related
United States, Culinary

Movable observances, 2017 dates

First Full Week: October 1–7

First Sunday: October 1

First Monday: October 2

First Tuesday: October 3

First Wednesday: October 4

First Thursday: October 5

First Friday: October 6

Week of October 9: October 8–14

Week of October 10: October 8–14

Second Sunday: October 8

Second Monday: October 9

Wednesday of second full week in October: October 11

Second Wednesday: October 11

Second Thursday: October 12

Second Friday: October 13

Friday falling on 13th: October 13

Second Saturday: October 14

Third Sunday: October 15

Third Monday: October 16

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  • Boss's Day (United States, Canada, Lithuania and Romania)

Third Thursday: October 19

Third Saturday: October 21

Week of Fourth Wednesday: October 22–28

Second to last Sunday: October 22

Fourth Monday: October 23

Fourth Wednesday: October 25

Last Friday: October 27

Fourth Saturday: October 28

Saturday closest to October 26: October 28

Last Sunday: October 29

Last Monday: October 30

Fixed observances

A shop in Derry decorated for Halloween
Halloween pumpkins


October symbols

The calendula

October Star Stones:

  • Libra (Sept. 22 to Oct. 22)

Planetary Stone: Sapphire; Lucky Charms: Opal, Sardonyx, Chrysolite; birthstone: pink Tourmaline, Opal

Planetary Stone: Garnet, Ruby; Lucky Charms: Aquamarine, Beryl

  • October Lokesh birthstone is roser.
  • October Mystical birthstone is Jasper.
  • October Ayurvedic Birthstone is Opal.

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  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "October". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Special Devotions For Months". Newadvent.org. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  3. ^ "Health Literacy Month – Finding the Right Words for Better Health". www.healthliteracymonth.org. 
  4. ^ "SDMS Medical Ultrasound Awareness Month". www.sdms.org. 
  5. ^ "Home - Rettsyndrome.org". www.rettsyndrome.org. 
  6. ^ [1] Archived February 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Rapaport, Daniel (October 19, 2017). "Today Might Be the Best Sports Day of the Year". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved October 20, 2017. 
  8. ^ "October is Adopt a Shelter Dog Month". ASPCA. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  9. ^ http://www.staysafeonline.info/content/about-ncsam Archived October 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "Italian Heritage and Culture Month". Italyculturemonth.org. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  11. ^ "American Pharmacists Month 2011". Pharmacist.com. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  12. ^ "Little People of America". 
  13. ^ "Eczema Awareness Month – National Eczema Association". National Eczema Association. 
  14. ^ "ADHA – October is National Dental Hygiene Month". Adha.org. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  15. ^ "Healthy Lung Month – Lung problems". 5 October 2012. 
  16. ^ "Observing Infertility Awareness Month". Library.adoption.com. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  17. ^ "Liver Awareness Month". www.liverfoundation.org. 
  18. ^ [2] Archived November 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ APTA | National Physical Therapy Month Archived January 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ "Spina Bifida Association – Spina Bifida Association". Sbaa.org. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  21. ^ "October is SIDS Awareness Month". www.nichd.nih.gov. 
  22. ^ "National Pizza Month". Pizza.com. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  23. ^ "Popcorn Poppin' Month". Popcorn.org. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  24. ^ "October is National Pork Month". ThePigSite. 2007-10-02. 
  25. ^ "NOAA Fisheries Celebrates National Seafood Month". NOAA.gov. 2017-10-01. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  26. ^ https://www.americangeosciences.org/news/earth-science-week-2017-theme-announced-earth-and-human-activity
  27. ^ https://findingada.com/
  28. ^ "Asexual Awareness Week". www.asexualawarenessweek.com. 
  29. ^ "Diversity – UMUC". www.umuc.edu. 
  30. ^ "Gemstone Leaflet" (PDF). Jewelers of America. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-02-22. Retrieved Jan 22, 2012. 
  31. ^ SHG Resources. "Birth Months, Flowers, and Gemstones". SHG Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 

External links

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