Observation deck

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View of Shanghai World Financial Center as viewed from the Shanghai Tower, at the 118th floor observatory 548m above ground
Visitors on the observation deck of the Skylon Tower overlooking Niagara Falls
Midtown Manhattan in the distance. Photo taken at Two World Trade Center's observation deck, in June 1984
Glass balconies St Eusebius Church, Arnhem, The Netherlands.jpg

An observation deck, observation platform or viewing platform is an elevated sightseeing platform usually situated upon a tall architectural structure such as a skyscraper or observation tower. Observation decks are sometimes enclosed from weather, and a few may include coin-operated telescopes for viewing distant features.

List of public observation decks

List of public observation decks
Rank Name Completion Date Type Location Deck height (m) Total height (m) Notes
1 Shanghai Tower 2015 Skyscraper China Shanghai 562[1] 632 118th floor
2 Ping An Finance Centre 2017 Skyscraper China Shenzhen 562[2] 599 The observation deck is on the 116th floor and opened on February 10, 2018
3 Burj Khalifa 2010 Skyscraper United Arab Emirates Dubai 555[3] 829.8 148th floor (opened October 2014[4]) decks are also on 124th floor
4 Canton Tower 2010 Steel Tower China Guangzhou 488 604
5 Lotte World Tower 2017 Skyscraper South Korea Seoul 486 555
6 Abraj Al Bait 2011 Skyscraper Saudi Arabia Mecca 484.4 601
7 Shanghai World Financial Center 2008 Skyscraper China Shanghai 474[5] 492.3 100th floor, decks also on levels 94 & 97
8 Tokyo Skytree 2012 Steel Tower Japan Tokyo 451.2 634 Three additional observation decks at 340 m, 345 m, and 350 m
9 CN Tower 1976 Concrete tower Canada Toronto 446.7 553.3 Two additional observation decks at 342 m (outdoor) & 346 m (indoor).
10 Willis Tower 1974 Skyscraper United States Chicago 412.7 527.3 103rd floor, it is the highest observation deck in the United States
11 Sky100, International Commerce Centre 2011 Skyscraper China Hong Kong 393 484 100th floor 360-degree indoor observatory
12 Taipei 101 2004 Skyscraper Taiwan Taipei 391.6 509.2 91st-floor outdoor observatory, it's the previous record of highest outdoor observatory in the world. The 89th floor indoor observatory is 383.2 metres (1,257 ft).
13 One World Trade Center 2014 Skyscraper United States New York City 386.6 541.3 Observatory on the 100th, 101st and 102nd floors
14 Petronas Towers 1998 Skyscraper Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 370 452.9 Observatory on 86th floor of tower 2, in addition there is the skybridge between the two towers on 41st and 42nd floors at 170 meters.
15 Empire State Building 1931 Skyscraper United States New York City 369[6] 448.7 102nd floor, additional 86th floor deck (320 m)
16 Oriental Pearl Tower 1994 Concrete tower China Shanghai 351 467.9 15 observation levels, the highest one being outdoors
17 Tuntex Sky Tower 1997 Skyscraper Taiwan Kaohsiung 341 347.5 74th floor
18 Jin Mao Tower 1998 Skyscraper China Shanghai 340.1 420.5 88th floor
19 Ostankino Tower 1967 Concrete tower Russia Moscow 340 540.1 Indoor deck is at 337 m
20 John Hancock Center 1969 Skyscraper United States Chicago 313.8 343.5 Observation deck
21 Milad Tower 2007 Concrete tower Iran Tehran 312 435 Top level
22 China World Trade Center Tower III 2010 Skyscraper China Beijing 311.8 330 81st floor
23 Shun Hing Square 1996 Skyscraper China Shenzhen 298.1 384
24 US Bank Tower 1989 Skyscraper United States Los Angeles 297 310 70th floor
25 Abeno Harukas(Abenobashi Terminal Building) 2014 Skyscraper Japan Osaka 288 300 58th-60th floor (top floor)
26 Zifeng Tower 2010 Skyscraper China Nanjing 287 450
27 Eureka Tower 2007 Skyscraper Australia Melbourne 285 297.3 Skydeck 88 is at a height of 285 m
28 Eiffel Tower 1889 Wrought iron lattice tower France Paris 276.1 324 3rd floor
29 Menara Kuala Lumpur 1996 Concrete tower Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 276 421
30 Columbia Center 1985 Skyscraper United States Seattle 275 284 73rd floor
31 Yokohama Landmark 1993 Skyscraper Japan Yokohama 273 296 69th floor
32 One Liberty Place 1987 Skyscraper United StatesPhiladelphia 269 288 57th Floor
33 Bank of America Plaza (Dallas) 1985 Skyscraper United States Dallas 268.4 281 71st floor, additional 70th floor 264.6 metres (868 ft).
34 JPMorgan Chase Tower 1982 Skyscraper United States Houston 268.2 305.4 60th floor
35 Sydney Tower 1981 Steel Tower Australia Sydney 268 309
36 GE Building 1933 Skyscraper United States New York City 259.1 259.1 70th floor ("Top of the Rock")
37 Tianjin Tower 1991 Concrete tower China Tianjin 257 415.2
38 40 Wall Street 1929 Skyscraper United States New York City 255 283
39 Osaka Prefectural Government Sakishima Building 1995 Skyscraper Japan Osaka 252 256
40 63 Building 1985 Skyscraper South Korea Seoul 249 250 60th floor
41 Midland Square 2007 Skyscraper Japan Nagoya 247 247 47th floor
42 The Shard 2013 Skyscraper United Kingdom London 244.8 306 72nd floor Observatory Deck
43 Central Radio & TV Tower 1992 Concrete tower China Beijing 238 405
44 Sunshine 60 1978 Skyscraper Japan Tokyo 237.6 239.8
45 Federation Tower (Tower West) 2008 Skyscraper Russia Moscow 235[7] 252 62nd Floor
=46 Q1 2005 Skyscraper Australia Gold Coast 230 323 77th floor (SkyPoint), with the function hall on the 78th[specify]
=46 West Pearl Tower 2006 Concrete tower China Chengdu 230 339
47 Roppongi Hills Mori Tower 2003 Skyscraper Japan Tokyo 229.3 238 52nd floor (indoor) & 54th floor (roof-deck)
48 Europaturm 1979 Concrete tower Germany Frankfurt 227 337.5 Since 1999, the Europaturm has been closed to the public-->
49 Tokyo Tower 1958 Steel truss tower Japan Tokyo 223.5 332.6 6th floor
50 Macau Tower 2001 Concrete tower China Macau 223 338
51 Sky Tower 1997 Concrete tower New Zealand Auckland 220 328
52 Tour Montparnasse 1972 Skyscraper France Paris 209 209
53 Fernsehturm Berlin 1969 Concrete tower Germany Berlin 207 368
54 Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building 1990 Skyscraper Japan Tokyo 202 243.4
=55 Main Tower 1999 Skyscraper Germany Frankfurt 200 240
=55 Marina Bay Sands 2010 Skyscraper Singapore Singapore 200 200
56 Olympiaturm 1968 Concrete tower Germany Munich 192 291
57 Vysotsky 2011 Skyscraper Russia Yekaterinburg 186 188.3 Observation deck was opened on 3 May 2012[8]
58 Bitexco Financial Tower 2010 Skyscraper Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City 181 262.5 47th floor
59 Tower of the Americas 1968 Concrete tower United States San Antonio 176 229
=60 Umeda Sky Building 1993 Skyscraper Japan Osaka 170 173
=60 Tallinn TV Tower 1980 Tower Estonia Tallinn 170 314
61 Donauturm 1964 Concrete tower Austria Vienna 169.4 252
62 N Seoul Tower 1975 Steel tower South Korea Seoul 168.3 236.7 Tower sits atop Namsan Mountain
63 Vilnius TV Tower 1980 Tower Lithuania Vilnius 165 326.5
64 Space Needle 1962 Steel tower United States Seattle 158.5 184.4
65 Calgary Tower 1968 Concrete tower Canada Calgary 157.5 190.8
66 Fernsehturm Stuttgart 1956 Concrete tower Germany Stuttgart 153 216.6
67 Avala Tower 2009 Concrete tower Serbia Belgrade 135 204.5
68 Fukuoka Tower 1989 Tower Japan Fukuoka 123 234
69 Kuwait viewing sphere 1979 Concrete tower Kuwait Kuwait City 120 187 (1990 Liberation Tower of ~300 m is not open to public)
70 Spinnaker Tower 2005 Tower United Kingdom Portsmouth 110 170
-71 Kyoto Tower 1964 Tower Japan Kyoto 100 131
=71 Nagoya TV Tower 1954 Tower Japan Nagoya 100 180
72 Kobe Port Tower 1963 Tower Japan Kobe 90.8 108
73 Sapporo TV Tower 1957 Tower Japan Sapporo 90 147.2
74 Tsūtenkaku 1956 Tower Japan Osaka 87.5 108

List of highest observation decks by type

Type Name and Location Constructed Height Notes
Enclosed Shanghai Tower, Shanghai, China 2015 583 m (1,913 ft)
Outdoor Canton Tower, Guangzhou, China 2011 488 m (1,601 ft)
On Skyscraper Shanghai Tower, Shanghai, China 2015 583 m (1,913 ft)
On Tower Canton Tower, Guangzhou, China 2011 488 m (1,601 ft)
Bridge Royal Gorge Bridge 1929 291 m (955 ft) Above water level.
Dam Grande Dixence Dam 1964 285 m (935 ft)

Timeline of world's highest observation decks

This is a timeline of the development of world's highest observation decks since the inauguration of the Washington Monument in 1885.

Held record Name and Location Constructed Height of highest observation deck Notes
From To
1885 1889 Washington Monument, Washington D.C., United States 1889 152.3 m (500 ft) Was the world's tallest structure when completed.
1889 1931 Eiffel Tower, Paris, France 1889 275 m (902 ft) Two further observation decks 57 & 115 m.
1931 1973 Empire State Building, New York City, United States 1931 369 m (1,211 ft)[6] A second observation deck is located on the 86th floor at 320 metres above ground.
1973 1974 World Trade Center, New York City, United States (article) 1973 399.4 m (1,310 ft) Measured from sea level, street level was 10 feet above sea level. Indoor observatory on the 107th floor of South Tower opened on April 4, 1973. Destroyed during the September 11 attacks.
1974 1975 Sears Tower (since renamed Willis Tower), Chicago, United States 1974 412.4 m (1,353 ft) Measured from the Franklin Street entrance, 103rd floor observation deck opened on June 22, 1974
1975 1976 World Trade Center, New York City, United States (article) 1973 419.7 m (1,377 ft) Measured from sea level, street level was 10 feet above sea level. Outdoor observatory on rooftop of the South Tower opened on December 15, 1975. Destroyed during the September 11 attacks.
1976 2008 CN Tower, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1976 446.5 m (1,465 ft) Two further observation decks 342 and 346 metres above ground.
2008 2011 Shanghai World Financial Centre, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 2008 474 m (1,555 ft) Other observation decks are at 423 m (1,388 ft) and 439 m (1,440 ft).
2011 2014 Canton Tower, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China 2011 488 m (1,601 ft) The outdoor rooftop observation deck opened in December 2011. There are also several other indoor observation decks in the tower, the highest at 433.2 m (1,421 ft).
2014 2016 Burj Khalifa, Dubai, UAE 2010 555 m (1,821 ft) Opened on October 15, 2014 on the 148th floor. There is another observation deck at 452.1 m (1,483 ft) on the 124th floor, which has been open since the building was opened to the public.
2016 present Shanghai Tower, Shanghai, China 2015 562.1 m (1,844 ft) Opened on July 1, 2016. there are also 2 more observation decks on the 118th and 119th floor, at 546 and 552 meters respectively.

Under construction


See also List of tallest buildings and structures in the world#World's highest observation deck

Observation deck gallery


See also

References

  1. ^ "Shanghai Tower The Skyscraper Center". skyscrapercentre.com. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  2. ^ "Ping An Finance Center The Skyscraper Center". skyscrapercentre.com. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  3. ^ "Burj Khalifa The Skyscraper Center". skyscrapercentre.com. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  4. ^ Willett, Megan (17 October 2014). "Dubai's Burj Khalifa Now Has The Highest Observation Deck In The World At 1,821 Feet, decks are also on 124th floor And It Looks Incredible". businessinsider.com. Business Insider. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Skyscraper Page". Retrieved 2010-03-27. Atlanta, Cincinnati, CN, Detroit, Eiffel, GE, Las Vegas, Sears, Seattle, Shanghai, Tianjin
  6. ^ a b "The Empire State Building". Wired New York. Retrieved 2007-12-23.
  7. ^ "Смотровая площадка Башня Федерация".
  8. ^ "Открытие смотровой площадки в БЦ "Высоцкий"".
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