Oboe Concerto (Vaughan Williams)

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The Concerto in A minor for Oboe and Strings was written by Ralph Vaughan Williams in 1943–44 for the oboist Léon Goossens, to whom the score is dedicated.

History

Vaughan Williams began work on the Oboe Concerto in 1943, immediately after completing the Fifth Symphony, with which it shares a great deal. Amongst other things, the concerto began as a revision of a scherzo movement originally intended for the symphony (Heffer 2000, 106). The concerto was to have been premiered at a Proms concert on 5 July 1944, but due to the threat of V1 rocket raids on London the Proms season was curtailed. The piece was first played in Liverpool instead, on 30 September 1944 in a concert by the Liverpool Philharmonic, conducted by Malcolm Sargent, that also included the Oboe Concerto by the soloist's brother, Eugène Goossens (Anon. 1944; Biggar 1997, 12).

Analysis

This pastoral piece is divided into three movements:

  1. Rondo Pastorale (Allegro moderato)
  2. Minuet and Musette (Allegro moderato)
  3. Scherzo (Presto – Doppio più lento – Lento – Presto)

The concerto has an element of cyclic form. Each movement begins and ends with the same pentatonic theme, spanning an octave (Mark 2013, 192).

References

  • Anon. 1944. "Vaughan Williams's Oboe Concerto: First Performance". The Times no. 49967 (Monday, 2 October): 6.
  • Biggar, Alice Lee Saunders. 1997. "An Analysis of the Oboe Concertos Dedicated to Leon Goossens Composed by Malcolm Arnold, Eugene Goossens, and Ralph Vaughan Williams." D.Mus. diss. Tallahassee: The Florida State University.
  • Heffer, Simon. 2000. Vaughan Williams. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson; Boston: Northeastern University Press. ISBN 978-1-55553-472-1
  • Mark, Christopher. 2013. "Chamber Music and Works for Soloist with Orchestra". In The Cambridge Companion to Vaughan Williams, edited by Alain Frogley and Aidan J. Thomson, 179–98. Cambridge Companions to Music. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-19768-7.

Further reading

  • Campbell Bailey, Mary Lindsey. 2010. "Léon Goossens's Impact on Twentieth-Century English Oboe Repertoire: 'Phantasy Quartet' of Benjamin Britten, Concerto for Oboe and Strings of Ralph Vaughan Williams, and Sonata for Oboe of York Bowen." DMA diss. Cincinnati: University of Cincinnati.
  • Day, James. 1998. Vaughan Williams, completely overhauled [third] edition. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-816632-0 (cloth); ISBN 978-0-19-816631-3 (pbk).
  • Dickinson, A.E.F. 1963. Vaughan Williams. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 9780571053735.
  • Friesenhagen, Andreas. 1992. "Das Oboenkonzert von Ralph Vaughan Williams: Anmerkungen zu Form und Thematik". Das Orchester: Zeitschrift für Orchesterkultur und Rundfunk-Chorwesen 40, no. 11:1293–97.
  • Holmes, Paul. 1997. Vaughan Williams: His Life and Times. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 9780711965263.
  • Howes, Frank. 1975. The Music of Ralph Vaughan Williams. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press Publishers.
  • Kennedy, Michael. 1964. The Works of Ralph Vaughan Williams. London and New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Kennedy, Michael. 1996. A Catalogue of the Works of Ralph Vaughan Williams, second edition. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-816584-2.
  • Kupitz, Emily. 2013. "English Folk Song Influences on the Vaughan Williams Concerto for Oboe and Strings." DMA diss. Tempe: Arizona State University.
  • Rosen, Carole. 1993. The Goossens: A Musical Century. London: André Deutsch.

External links

  • Description by Mark Satola
  • Program notes by Jason Sundram
  • Program Notes by David Hoose (archive from 20 March 2012, accessed 28 April 2016).
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