ODINUS

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ODINUS
ODINUS logo.svg
Logo used in a mission proposal is a combination of the astronomical symbols for the planets Uranus and Neptune.
Mission type Orbiter
Operator European Space Agency
Website http://odinus.iaps.inaf.it/
Spacecraft properties
Dry mass 500-600 kg
Start of mission
Launch date 2034 (proposed)
Neptune orbiter
Spacecraft component Freyja
Uranus orbiter
Spacecraft component Freyr

ODINUS (Origins, Dynamics, and Interiors of the Neptunian and Uranian Systems) is a space mission concept proposed to the European Space Agency's Cosmic Vision programme, consisting on two twin spacecraft. The ODINUS mission concept proposes to expand the Uranus orbiter and probe mission to twin orbiters— dubbed Freyr and Freyja, the twin gods of the Norse pantheon.[1] Their primary mission would be to study Neptune and Uranus with one orbiter each.[2] If selected ODINUS would launch in 2034.[3]

Instruments

The following six instruments are considered essential to the mission:

  • Camera (Wide and Narrow Angle) - Designed to image the planet at the same level of detail as missions to the two gas giants have provided.
  • VIS-NIR Image Spectrometer
  • Magnetometer - To study the magnetic fields of Neptune.
  • Mass Spectrometer (Ions and Neutrals, INMS)
  • Doppler Spectro-Imager - To take seismic measurements.
  • Microwave Radiometer

The following two additional instruments are strongly desired by the mission proposers:

  • Energetic Neutral Atoms Detector - To complement the measurements of the INMS.
  • High-sensitivity Accelerometer - To be used in the atmospheric descent phase.

See also

References

  1. ^ The ODINUS Mission Concept. White paper submitted to the European Space Agency call for L2 and L3 science themes (2013). Diego Turrini, Romolo Politi, Roberto Peron, Davide Grassi, Christina Plainaki, Mauro Barbieri, David M. Lucchesi, Gianfranco Magni, Francesca Altieri, Valeria Cottini, Nicolas Gorius, Patrick Gaulme, François-Xavier Schmider, Alberto Adriani, Giuseppe Piccioni.
  2. ^ Noreika, Alius (13 February 2014). "Uranus and Neptune exploration could be the next ESA milestone". Technology.org. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  3. ^ Gilster, Paul (18 June 2014). "Return to the Ice Giants". Centauri Dreams. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
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