Nowshera District

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Nowshera District
ضلع نوشہرہ
District
Location of Nowshera District (highlighted in red)  in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan
Location of Nowshera District (highlighted in red) in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan
Country  Pakistan
Province  Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Nowshera District
Headquarters Nowshera
Union Councils 47
Government
 • District Nazim Liaquat Khattak
Area
 • District 1,748 km2 (675 sq mi)
Population (2017)[1]
 • District 1,518,540
 • Density 870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Urban 338,650
 • Rural 1,179,890
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Nowshera (Urdu: ضلع نوشہرہAbout this sound pronounce ) is a district in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan.[2] The capital and district headquarter is Nowshera city.

Overview and history

Nowshera was a tehsil (sub division) of Peshawar until 1988, when it became a district. It is bordered by Peshawar District to the West, Mardan District to the North, Charsadda District to the North West, Swabi District to the North East, Kohat District to the South, Orakzai Agency to the South West & Attock District to the East.

Previously it was known as Nowkhaar Province till it was annexed into British India via the Durand Line Agreement. Prior to its establishment as a separate district in 1990, Nowshera was part of Peshawar District.[3] The district was also part of the Peshawar Division until the reforms of The Government of Pakistan.

Total area of Nowshera is 1,748 km². The population density is 608 persons per square kilometre. The total agricultural area is 52,540 hectares. The main source of income of the region is agriculture.

Demographics

The population of Nowshera district, according to the 2017 census, is 1,518,540[4] while the population, according to the 1998 census, was 874,000.[5][6] The population of the district over the years is shown in the table below.[7]

Census Year Population Rural Area Urban Area
1951 222,527 170,072 52,455
1961 276,937 188,968 87,969
1972 410,718 307,783 102,935
1981 537,638 386,647 647,343
1998 874,373 150,991 227,030
2017 1,518,540 N/A N/A

Languages

The predominant first language was Pashto, spoken natively by 91% of the population.[8] The previous census of 1981 reported that in the tehsil of Nowshera, Pashto was the language of 88% of households, while Punjabi accounted for 4.3%, Hindko – 4.2%, and Urdu – 2.9%.[9]

Tribes

The 58% population of the district belongs to Khattak tribe, 12% belongs to Gumoriani tribe, 10% belongs to Kheshgi (Batakzai included) tribe, 09% belongs to Kakakhel tribe, 7% belongs to Babar tribe, 3% belongs to Awan tribe, 1% belongs to Paracha tribe, 1% belongs to Afridi tribe and 1% belongs to Taizi tribe.

Education

Nowshera district is home of many excellent education institutions. The district has a public sector University of Technology, Nowshera[10][11] and private sector Northern University, Nowshera.[12] It also houses the campus of Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan[13] in Pabbi town while it has a campus of University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar in Jalozai town.[14] The district also has a public sector medical college: Nowshera Medical College, Nowshera.[15][16]

It is also home to many degree colleges: Government Post Graduate College Nowshera, Government Home Economics College Nowshera, Government College Akbarpura,[17] Government Degree College Pabbi[18] and Government Girls Degree College Pabbi.[19]

According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017, Nowshera district is ranked 71 out of 155 districts in Pakistan in the quality of education while for facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 14 out of 155. It is vast improvement from Rankings of 2016, when the quality of education ranking was 71 out of 151 while facilities and infrastructure, the district was ranked 42 out of 151.[20]

Administration

The district is administratively divided into 3 Tehsils.[21][22]

Union Councils

The district is divided into 47 Union Councils. The largest by area is Nizampur & the smallest by area is Pabbi.

Towns and Villages

The main towns in Nowshera District are Nowshera city (Capital), Pabbi, Jalozai, Akora Khattak, Jehangira, Risalpur, Khairabad and Nizampur. The main villages are below.

Cantonments

These cantonments were created by the British Raj. There are three cantonments in Nowshera District:

Rivers

The following are the rivers which flow through the Nowshera District.

Parks

Some of the most famous parks are as follows.

  • Kund Park
  • Mangloot Wildlife Park
  • Aza Khel Park
  • Jinnah Park
  • Cherat Chapri Wildlife Park

Notable people

A list of some of the most prominent people from Nowshera District:

Famous buildings

Hospitals/medical facilities

Highways and motorways

Economic Zone

After the launch of CPEC project, Rashakai village of Nowshera is now an Economic Zone of KPK.[24]

Wars and battles

Provincial and National Assembly Seats

The district has 5 Provincial Seats in The Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Assembly.

The district has 2 National Assembly Seats in The National Assembly of Pakistan.

The District is currently represented by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf who won all 7 Seats in the recent elections.

Military installations

Shrines

Nowshera District is the home of many Sufi Shrines.

Shrine of Kaka Sahib

The most well known is the Shrine of "Kaka Sahib". It is named after 16th century Sufi Saint Syed Kastir Gul commonly known as Hazrat Kaka Sahib. The shrine is located in an rugged mountainous area named after him Kaka Sahib, around 12-km south of Nowshera city. The complex of the shrine has a mausoleum of Kaka Sahib, graves of his family members, his disciples, a mosque and library.[25] In 2012, the shrine of Kaka Sahib was attacked by Taliban militants killing 3 people and injuring 25.[26][27][28][29]

Shrine of Akhund Panju Baba

The shrine of Akhund Pangu Baba is named after Syed Abdul Wahab commonly known as Akhund Panju Baba and Baba Sahib. It is located in Akbarpura town in Pabbi Tehsil of Nowshera. The shrine was attacked by Taliban militants in 2011 killing 11 people.[26][27]

Shrine of Sheikh Bahadur Baba

The shrine of Sheikh Bahadur Baba is named after Sheikh Bahadur Baba. He was the father of Hazrat Kaka Sahib.[25] The Shrine is located around 40-km of village Kaka Sahib near(1.5KM) the village of Kana Khel .[30]

Shrine of Hazrat Sheikh Rahamkar kasterr Gul alias hazrat kaka sahib RHA(Rehmatuallah aaleh)

son of Sheikh Bahadur Baba RHA(Rehmatuallah aaleh). The shrine situated in ziarat kaka sahib about 14 KM distend from Nowshera the descendants called KAKA KHELs. and hugely numerous numbers of people have spiritual attachments with the saint. Every year kaka khel Miangan and ziarat khel unitedly holds the URS e Mubarik of their forebear Hazrat Sheikh Rahamkar kasterr Gul alias hazrat kaka sahib RHA(Rehmatuallah aaleh).

Shrine of Sheikh Baba

The shrine of Sheikh Shahbaz Baba is named after Sheikh Shahbaz Baba commonly known as Sheikh Baba .The shrine is located in Pabbi town near Grand Trunk (GT), Nowshera.[31]

Shrine of Pir Sabaq Baba gee

The shrine of Pir sabaq baba gee named Sheikh Abdus Salam commonly known as Sahib Mubarak is located in ( Pir Sabaq Sharif) 05KM from Nowshera Cantt on left side of Peshawar-Pindi GT road(after crossing Kabul river at Pirsabaq bridge 1.5KM).

See also

References

  1. ^ "DISTRICT AND TEHSIL LEVEL POPULATION SUMMARY WITH REGION BREAKUP: KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2018-01-03. Retrieved 2018-04-23. 
  2. ^ "PDWP approves 32 projects". The Nation. Retrieved 2017-12-20. 
  3. ^ PCO 1998, p. 1.
  4. ^ "Pakistan Tehsil Wise Census 2017 [PDF]" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-11-07. Retrieved 2017-11-29. 
  5. ^ PCO 1998, p. 19.
  6. ^ "NOWSHERA DISTRICT AT A GLANCE (PDF)" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-02. 
  7. ^ "AREA & POPULATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS BY RURAL/URBAN: 1951-1998 CENSUSES (PDF)" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-02. 
  8. ^ PCO 1998, p. 24.
  9. ^ PCO 1981, p. 87.
  10. ^ "University of Technology, Nowshera – First Ever Technology University of Pakistan". uotnowshera.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-20. 
  11. ^ "New horizons: Khattak okays air and technical varsities in Nowshera - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2014-12-07. Retrieved 2017-12-20. 
  12. ^ "Home Page". www.northern.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-20. 
  13. ^ "AWKU Mardan Pabbi Campus :: Welcome to AWKUM". www.awkum.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  14. ^ "University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan". www.uetpeshawar.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  15. ^ "Recognised Medical and Dental Colleges - Pakistan Medical and Dental Association". www.pmdc.org.pk. Archived from the original on 2012-01-16. Retrieved 2017-12-04. 
  16. ^ "Home - Nowshera Medical College (MTI),Nowshera". Nowshera Medical College (MTI),Nowshera. Retrieved 2017-12-03. 
  17. ^ "Government College AkbarPura". www.admission.hed.gkp.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  18. ^ "Govt Degree College Pabbi". www.admission.hed.gkp.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  19. ^ "Government Girls Degree College Pabbi, Nowshera". www.admission.hed.gkp.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  20. ^ "Rankings – Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017". rankings.alifailaan.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  21. ^ "Pakistan Tehsil Wise Census 2017 [PDF]" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017. 
  22. ^ "DIVISION, DISTRICT AND TEHSIL/CENSUS DISTRICT KHYBER PAKHTOONKHWA PROVINCE (PDF)" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Retrieved 24 November 2017. 
  23. ^ "NOWSHERA: Pabbi declared as tehsil". DAWN.COM. 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2017-12-20. 
  24. ^ "Rashakai Economic Zone". 
  25. ^ a b Shinwari, Sher Alam (26 July 2015). "Kaka Sahib shrine – a place of spiritual satisfaction for many". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  26. ^ a b Newspaper, From the (2017-02-17). "Timeline of attacks on shrines in Pakistan". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-11-21. 
  27. ^ a b "Iftikhar terms terrorists beasts". The Nation. Retrieved 2017-11-21. 
  28. ^ "Sufi shrines under attack in Pakistan — a chronology". tn.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-21. 
  29. ^ "Pro-Taliban militants attack Sufi shrines in Pak". Zee News. 2011-12-11. Retrieved 2017-11-21. 
  30. ^ "Sheikh Rahamkar | Religion And Belief". Scribd. Retrieved 2017-11-21. 
  31. ^ "Shrines". auqaf.kp.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-21. 

Bibliography

  • 1981 District census report of Peshawar. District census Report. 26. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1983. p. 86. 
  • 1998 District census report of Nowshera. Census publication. 55. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999. 

Coordinates: 33°56′N 71°59′E / 33.933°N 71.983°E / 33.933; 71.983

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