Nototodarus sloanii

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Nototodarus sloanii
Nototodarus sloanii.jpg
Dorsal and ventral view of Nototodarus sloanii
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order: Oegopsida
Family: Ommastrephidae
Subfamily: Todarodinae
Genus: Nototodarus
Species: N. sloanii
Binomial name
Nototodarus sloanii
(Gray, 1849)[2]
Synonyms
  • Ommastrephes sloanii
    Gray, 1849
  • Todarodes sloanei
    (Gray, 1849)
  • Todarodes sloanei sloanei
    (Gray, 1849)

Nototodarus sloanii is a species of squid commonly known as the New Zealand arrow squid or Wellington flying squid. It is also known by its Māori name of Wheketere.[3] It is a favoured prey species of a number of marine mammals and diving birds. It is an important food source for the New Zealand fur seal and the endangered species: New Zealand sea lion and yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes).[4][5][6] N. sloanii is sought by trawler fishermen for human consumption; in this trawling process, Australian sea lions are frequently killed, since they prey upon N. sloanii.[7]

References

  1. ^ Barratt, I. & Allcock, L. (2014). "Nototodarus sloanii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2014: e.T163059A967524. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T163059A967524.en.  Downloaded on 11 March 2018.
  2. ^ Julian Finn (2016). Bieler R, Bouchet P, Gofas S, Marshall B, Rosenberg G, La Perna R, Neubauer TA, Sartori AF, Schneider S, Vos C, ter Poorten JJ, Taylor J, Dijkstra H, Finn J, Bank R, Neubert E, Moretzsohn F, Faber M, Houart R, Picton B, Garcia-Alvarez O, eds. "Nototodarus sloanii Gray, 1849". MolluscaBase. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 11 March 2018. 
  3. ^ "Squid, Southern Arrow". The Marine Life Database. University of Otago. Retrieved 2 August 2017. 
  4. ^ Lalas, C. and Webster, T. 2014. Contrast in the importance of arrow squid as prey of male New Zealand sea lions and New Zealand fur seals at The Snares, subantarctic New Zealand. Marine Biology;Mar2014, Vol. 161 Issue 3, p631
  5. ^ Meynier, L. 2009. Variability in the diet of New Zealand sea lion (Phocarctos hookeri) at the Auckland Islands, New Zealand. Marine Mammal Science, 25: 302–326.
  6. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2009. Yellow-eyed Penguin: Megadypes antipodes, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg
  7. ^ Nick Gales, Nicholas Gales, Mark Hindell and Roger Kirkwood. 2003. Marine Mammals: Fisheries, Tourism and Management Issues, CSIRO Publishing, ISBN 0-643-06953-4, ISBN 978-0-643-06953-4, 446 pages.
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