Norton County, Kansas

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Norton County, Kansas
County
Norton Co KS Courthouse.JPG
Norton County Courthouse in Norton
Map of Kansas highlighting Norton County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Orloff Norton
Seat Norton
Largest city Norton
Area
 • Total 881 sq mi (2,282 km2)
 • Land 878 sq mi (2,274 km2)
 • Water 3.2 sq mi (8 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 5,493
 • Density 6.5/sq mi (2.5/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website NortonCounty.org

Norton County (standard abbreviation: NT) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 5,671.[1] The largest city and county seat is Norton.[2] The county was established in 1867 and named for Orloff Norton, captain of Company L, 15th Kansas Militia Infantry Regiment.[3]

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. Norton County was founded by Noah H. Billings, Thomas Beaumont, Henry Gordon, P. Hansen, and George Cole on August 22, 1872. In 1878 Norton became the county seat. The county gets its name for Civil War soldier Orloff Norton, who was killed at Cane Hill, Arkansas in 1864.[citation needed]

The first county fair, although not official, was held in Leota in October, 1878. After 1900 the fair was held yearly in Elmwood Park in Norton. The first school district was formed in Norton in 1872. School was held in a dugout beginning December 1, 1873.[citation needed]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 881 square miles (2,280 km2), of which 878 square miles (2,270 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) (0.4%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Age pyramid
Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 6,998
1890 10,617 51.7%
1900 11,325 6.7%
1910 11,614 2.6%
1920 11,423 −1.6%
1930 11,701 2.4%
1940 9,831 −16.0%
1950 8,808 −10.4%
1960 8,035 −8.8%
1970 7,279 −9.4%
1980 6,689 −8.1%
1990 5,947 −11.1%
2000 5,953 0.1%
2010 5,671 −4.7%
Est. 2016 5,493 [5] −3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]

As of the 2000 US census, there were 5,953 people, 2,266 households, and 1,470 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,673 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.35% White, 4.05% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.02% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 2.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,266 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.10% were non-families. 32.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.00% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 19.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 122.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,050, and the median income for a family was $37,036. Males had a median income of $25,983 versus $20,381 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,835. About 6.10% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government

County

Noah H. Billings was an early county settler, county superintendent of schools, county attorney, and state representative. Keith Sebelius served as a U.S. congressman from 1969 to 1981.[10]

Presidential elections

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 82.4% 1,840 12.6% 281 5.1% 113
2012 80.8% 1,878 17.1% 398 2.1% 49
2008 77.8% 1,878 20.6% 497 1.7% 40
2004 80.5% 2,092 18.2% 473 1.3% 34
2000 71.2% 1,744 24.4% 598 4.5% 109
1996 66.4% 1,814 23.4% 640 10.1% 277
1992 47.9% 1,469 25.4% 779 26.7% 820
1988 67.5% 1,923 30.0% 855 2.4% 69
1984 79.2% 2,515 19.2% 611 1.6% 50
1980 75.5% 2,625 19.2% 666 5.4% 186
1976 60.6% 2,201 36.8% 1,337 2.7% 97
1972 75.8% 2,688 21.9% 776 2.3% 82
1968 70.9% 2,543 23.5% 841 5.6% 202
1964 60.1% 2,245 38.8% 1,449 1.1% 42
1960 68.0% 2,781 31.8% 1,300 0.2% 8
1956 71.6% 3,052 28.0% 1,194 0.4% 18
1952 76.2% 3,530 22.6% 1,047 1.2% 54
1948 61.0% 2,461 35.0% 1,414 4.0% 161
1944 70.9% 2,890 28.4% 1,159 0.7% 29
1940 70.3% 3,415 28.4% 1,378 1.4% 66
1936 54.8% 2,829 44.7% 2,307 0.5% 24
1932 44.2% 2,272 52.6% 2,705 3.3% 168
1928 74.0% 3,365 23.9% 1,087 2.1% 96
1924 59.3% 2,778 26.9% 1,261 13.7% 643
1920 65.2% 2,288 30.9% 1,082 3.9% 137
1916 34.3% 1,616 61.0% 2,876 4.7% 222
1912 24.0% 598 43.3% 1,081 32.7% 815
1908 49.8% 1,448 46.0% 1,337 4.3% 125
1904 67.2% 1,570 17.8% 417 15.0% 350
1900 51.7% 1,329 47.1% 1,212 1.2% 31
1896 42.1% 941 56.3% 1,260 1.6% 36
1892 48.3% 1,054 51.7% 1,130[a]
1888 56.6% 1,471 24.3% 631 19.1% 497

Like all the High Plains, Norton County is overwhelmingly Republican. In 1964, the last time the Republicans did not carry Kansas’ electoral votes, Norton County was Barry Goldwater’s second-best county in the state behind Clay County. The last Democrat to reach forty percent of the county’s vote was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936, ironically against Kansas Governor Alf Landon. Roosevelt in 1932 was the last Democrat to carry Norton County, and the only others are Woodrow Wilson (twice) and William Jennings Bryan in his first 1896 campaign.

Laws

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1992, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement.[12]

Education

Unified school districts

  • Norton Community USD 211
  • Northern Valley USD 212
  • West Solomon USD 213 (elementary school only; students in grades 6-12 attend schools in Norton)

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Norton County (map legend)

Cities

Townships

Norton County is divided into four townships. The city of Norton is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size. The 2010 census shows the area of the former Harrison-District 6 as combined into that of Almena-District 4.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Almena-District 4 01450 614 2 (6) 278 (107) 0 (0) 0% 39°53′10″N 99°41′2″W / 39.88611°N 99.68389°W / 39.88611; -99.68389
Center-District 1 12260 1,382 2 (5) 654 (253) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°53′43″N 99°57′2″W / 39.89528°N 99.95056°W / 39.89528; -99.95056
Harrison-District 6 (defunct[13]) 30460 12 0 (0) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°56′54″N 99°48′25″W / 39.94833°N 99.80694°W / 39.94833; -99.80694
Highland-District 2 32060 737 1 (3) 748 (289) 9 (3) 1.13% 39°41′24″N 100°1′49″W / 39.69000°N 100.03028°W / 39.69000; -100.03028
Solomon-District 3 66410 196 0 (1) 496 (192) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°40′38″N 99°45′56″W / 39.67722°N 99.76556°W / 39.67722; -99.76556

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 374. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  10. ^ Norton County, Kansas, Kansas Historical Society
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  12. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  13. ^ Kansas State Historical Society
Notes
  1. ^ 1,090 votes (49.91%) were for Populist James B. Weaver (who was supported by the state’s Democrats) and 40 (1.83%) for Prohibition Party candidate John Bidwell.

Further reading

  • Standard Atlas of Marion County, Kansas; Geo. A. Ogle & Co; 71 pages; 1917.

External links

County
  • Norton County - Official Website
  • Norton County - Directory of Public Officials
Maps
  • Norton County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society

Coordinates: 39°48′N 99°55′W / 39.800°N 99.917°W / 39.800; -99.917

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