Northern Sierra Miwok

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Northern Sierra Miwok
Native to United States
Region California
Ethnicity Sierra Miwok
Extinct (6 speakers reported in 1994)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 nsq
Glottolog nort2968[2]

Northern Sierra Miwok is a Miwok language spoken in California, in the upper Mokelumne and Calaveras valleys.[1]


Bilabial Dental Alveolar Post-


Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop plain p t̪ (t) t (t̥) k ʔ
voiced b d
Affricate tʃ (č)
Nasal m n ŋ
Fricative f s ʃ (š) h
Trill r
Approximant w l j (y)

Phonemes in italics are taken from loan words.

Front Central Back
short long short long short long
Close i ɨ ɨː u
Mid e ə o
Open a



  1. ^ a b Northern Sierra Miwok at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Northern Sierra Miwok". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Callaghan, Catherine A. (1987). Northern Sierra Miwok Dictionary, Volumes 109-110. University of California Press. 
  • Callaghan, Catherine A. 1987. Northern Sierra Miwok dictionary. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Freeland, L. S. 1951. Language of the Sierra Miwok. (Publications in Anthropology and Linguistics, Memoir 6.) Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
  • Golla, Victor. 2011. California Indian languages. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Northern Miwok Indians. "Rodriguez-Nieto Guide" Sound Recordings (California Indian Library Collections), LA007, LA140. Berkeley: California Indian Library Collections, 1993. "Sound recordings reproduced from the Language Archive sound recordings at the Language Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley".

External links

  • Northern Sierra Miwok at the Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
  • Plains Miwok, California Language Archive
  • OLAC resources in and about the Northern Sierra Miwok language
  • Northern Sierra Miwok, World Atlas of Language Structures Online
  • Northern Sierra Miwok Dictionary, Volumes 109-110

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