Northern Ireland Assembly election, 2017

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Northern Ireland Assembly election, 2017
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All 90 seats to the Northern Ireland Assembly[n 1]
46 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 64.78% (Increase9.8%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Arlene Foster Michelle O'Neill Colum Eastwood
Leader Arlene Foster Michelle O'Neill[n 2] Colum Eastwood
Party DUP Sinn Féin SDLP
Leader since 17 December 2015 23 January 2017[n 3] 14 November 2015
Leader's seat Fermanagh & South Tyrone Mid Ulster Foyle
Last election 38 seats, 29.2% 28 seats, 24% 12 seats, 12%
Seats won 28 27 12
Seat change Decrease 10 Decrease 1 Steady
Popular vote 225,413 224,245 95,958
Percentage 28.1% 27.9% 11.9%
Swing Decrease 1.1% Increase 3.9% Decrease 0.1%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Mike Nesbitt Naomi Long Steven Agnew
Leader Mike Nesbitt Naomi Long Steven Agnew
Party UUP Alliance Green (NI)
Leader since 31 March 2012 26 October 2016 January 2011
Leader's seat Strangford Belfast East North Down
Last election 16 seats, 12.6% 8 seats, 7.7% 2 seats, 2.7%
Seats won 10 8 2
Seat change Decrease 6 Steady Steady
Popular vote 103,314 72,717 18,527
Percentage 12.9% 9.1% 2.3%
Swing Increase 0.3% Increase 2.1% Decrease 0.4%

  Seventh party Eighth party
  Jim Allister Eamonn McCann
Leader Jim Allister Eamonn McCann
Party TUV People Before Profit
Leader since January 2011 N/A
Leader's seat North Antrim Foyle
(defeated)
Last election 1 seat, 3.4% 2 seats, 2.0%
Seats before 1 2
Seats won 1 1
Seat change Steady Decrease 1
Popular vote 20,523 14,100
Percentage 2.6% 1.8%
Swing Decrease 0.9% Decrease 0.2%

Northern Ireland assembly election seats 2017.svg

First Minister and deputy First Minister before election

Arlene Foster (DUP) &
Martin McGuinness (SF)

First Minister and deputy First Minister

TBD

The 2017 election to the Northern Ireland Assembly was held on 2 March 2017. The election was held to elect members (MLAs) following the resignation of deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness in protest over the Renewable Heat Incentive scandal. McGuinness' position was not filled, and thus by law his resignation triggered an election. It was the sixth election since the Assembly was re-established in 1998, and the first to implement a reduction in size to 90 MLAs (versus the previous 108).

1,254,709 people were registered to vote in the election (26,886 fewer, or a 2.1% decrease, compared to the 2016 Assembly election).[2] 64.78% of registered voters turned out to vote in the 2017 Assembly election, up 10 percentage points from the previous Assembly election held in 2016, but 5 percentage points less than in the first election to the Assembly held in 1998.[3]

Eight parties had MLAs in the fifth assembly: the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), Sinn Féin, the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland, the Greens, People Before Profit (PBP), and Traditional Unionist Voice (TUV). There was also one Independent Unionist MLA.

Background

Theresa Villiers, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, announced in 2013 that the next Assembly election would be postponed to May 2016, and would be held at fixed intervals of five years thereafter.[4] Section 7 of the Northern Ireland (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2014 specifies that elections will be held on the first Thursday in May in the fifth calendar year following that in which its predecessor was elected,[5] which after 2016 was to be 6 May 2021. However, by virtue of section 31(1) of the Northern Ireland Act 1998, there are several circumstances in which the Assembly can be dissolved before the date scheduled.

Martin McGuinness (Sinn Féin), the deputy First Minister, resigned on 9 January 2017 in protest at the Renewable Heat Incentive scandal (RHI) and other issues, such as the DUP's failure to support funding for inquests into killings during The Troubles and to end funding for an Irish language project. The First Minister, Arlene Foster (DUP), had been in charge of the RHI scheme in her previous ministerial position, but had refused to temporarily stand down as First Minister while an enquiry took place. Under the power-sharing arrangement, McGuinness' resignation as deputy First Minister meant that Foster automatically lost office as First Minister. The DUP condemned his resignation.

Sinn Féin had seven days, until 5 pm on 16 January 2017, in which to nominate a new deputy First Minister, but refused to do so in the Assembly plenary on 16 January.[6] As a result the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, James Brokenshire, confirmed the same day that a snap election would be held on 2 March.[7][8][9]

McGuinness subsequently announced that, owing to ill-health, he would not be seeking re-election to the Assembly; he then stepped down from leading the Sinn Féin group. He was replaced by Michelle O'Neill as leader of Sinn Féin in the Northern Ireland Assembly.

Candidates

Nominations opened on 27 January 2017 for the assembly election and closed on 8 February 2017.[2]

A total of 228 candidates contested the 90 available seats in the Assembly, a reduction from the 276 who contested the 108 seats available in 2016.[10]

The table below lists all of the nominated candidates.[11] Candidates for the same party in a constituency are listed in alphabetical order, which is the order they appeared on the ballot paper.

  • * indicates an incumbent MLA
  • ** indicates the candidate is the incumbent MLA for a different constituency
  • ^ indicates a former MLA who was not a member at the dissolution of the 2016-17 Assembly
  • Leaders of parties represented in the assembly at dissolution are shown in bold text
Constituency DUP SF UUP SDLP Alliance TUV Green Conservative Others
Belfast East
Mairéad O'Donnell Andy Allen* Séamas de Faoite Andrew Girvin Georgina Milne Sheila Bodel
Belfast North Robert Foster Nichola Mallon* Nuala McAllister Malachai O'Hara
  • Julie-Anne Corr-Johnston (PUP)
  • Fiona Ferguson (PBP)
  • Adam Millar (Ind.)
  • Gemma Weir (WP)
Belfast South Máirtín Ó Muilleoir* Michael Henderson
John Hiddleston Clare Bailey* George Jabbour
  • Seán Burns (CCLA)
  • Lily Kerr (WP)
  • Pádraigín Mervyn (PBP)
Belfast West Frank McCoubrey Fred Rogers Alex Attwood* Sorcha Eastwood Ellen Murray
East Antrim
Oliver McMullan*
Margaret Anne McKillop
Ruth Wilson Dawn Patterson Alan Dunlop
  • Ricky Best (Ind.)
  • Noel Jordan (UKIP)
  • Conor Sheridan (CCLA)
East Londonderry William McCandless John Dallat^ Chris McCaw Jordan Armstrong Anthony Flynn David Harding
Fermanagh and South Tyrone Rosemary Barton* Richie McPhillips* Noreen Campbell Alex Elliott Tanya Jones Richard Dunn Donal Ó Cófaigh (CCLA)
Foyle Gary Middleton* Julia Kee Colm Cavanagh Shannon Downey Stuart Canning
Lagan Valley Peter Doran Pat Catney Trevor Lunn* Samuel Morrison Dan Barrios-O'Neill Matthew Robinson
Mid Ulster Keith Buchanan* Sandra Overend* Patsy McGlone* Fay Watson Hannah Loughrin Stefan Taylor
  • Hugh McCloy (Ind.)
  • Hugh Scullion (WP)
Newry and Armagh William Irwin* Danny Kennedy* Justin McNulty* Jackie Coade Rowan Tunnicliffe Emmet Crossan (CISTA)
North Antrim Philip McGuigan* Robin Swann* Connor Duncan Patricia O'Lynn
Mark Bailey
  • Monica Digney (Ind.)
  • Adam McBride (Ind.)
North Down Kieran Maxwell
Caoímhe McNeill Stephen Farry* Steven Agnew* Frank Shivers
  • Chris Carter (Ind.)
  • Melanie Kennedy (Ind.)
  • Gavan Reynolds (Ind.)
South Antrim Declan Kearney* Roisin Lynch David Ford* Richard Cairns Eleanor Bailey Mark Logan
  • Ivanka Antova (PBP)
  • David McMaster (Ind.)
South Down Jim Wells*
Harold McKee* Patrick Brown Lyle Rea Hannah George Gary Hynds Patrick Clarke (Ind.)
Strangford Dermot Kennedy Joe Boyle Kellie Armstrong* Stephen Cooper Ricky Bamford Scott Benton
Upper Bann
Dolores Kelly^ Tara Doyle Roy Ferguson Simon Lee Ian Nichols Colin Craig (WP)
West Tyrone Thomas Buchanan* Alicia Clarke Daniel McCrossan* Stephen Donnelly Charlie Chittick Ciaran McClean Roger Lomas
  • Barry Brown (CISTA)
  • Corey French (Ind.)
  • Sorcha McAnespy (Ind.)
  • Roisin McMackin (Ind.)
  • Susan-Anne White (Ind.)
Constituency DUP SF UUP SDLP Alliance TUV Green Conservative Others

Gerry Mullan, who was an MLA for the SDLP before the dissolution, stood as an independent after having been deselected by the party.[12] Jonathan Bell, who was suspended from the DUP, was also standing as an independent.[13] Both failed to get elected.[14]

Members not seeking re-election

MLA Party Constituency
Sydney Anderson DUP Upper Bann[15]
Sammy Douglas DUP Belfast East[16]
Alastair Ross DUP East Antrim[17]
Martin McGuinness Sinn Féin Foyle[18]
Caitríona Ruane Sinn Féin South Down[19]
Catherine Seeley Sinn Féin Upper Bann[20]
Ross Hussey UUP West Tyrone[21]

Campaign

The Renewable Heat Incentive scandal remained central in the campaign.[22] Sinn Fein said they would not return to government with the DUP while questions over RHI remain over the DUP's leader, Foster.[23] There were concerns about deteriorating cross-community relationships.[24] If the two parties emerged as the largest in their communities and could not resolve the issue, direct rule by the UK government could be imposed.

The UUP leader, Mike Nesbitt, promoted the possibility of a UUP/SDLP administration.[25] He said he would give his voting preference after the UUP candidates to the SDLP, although he said he would not tell UUP voters what to do with their later preferences.[26] Other UUP candidates opposed the action, saying they will give later preferences to other unionist candidates over the SDLP,[27] and one UUP councillor resigned from the party in protest.[28]

The DUP criticised Nesbitt's position and campaigned arguing that splitting the unionist vote could help Sinn Fein come out as the largest party.[29]

Brexit was also an issue. In the UK-wide referendum on EU membership on 23 June 2016, 56% of voters in Northern Ireland voted to "Remain" a member of the European Union while 44% voted to "Leave". The DUP supported the UK leaving the EU, while nationalist parties and most others opposed, fearing among other things the possibility of a hard border resulting with the Republic of Ireland.[22][30] It became known during the campaign that the DUP spent £282,000 on a pro-Brexit advert in a newspaper that did not appear in Northern Ireland. The money came from the Constitutional Research Council, a minor pro-union group chaired by the former vice-chair of the Scottish Conservative Party Richard Cook.[31]

Position on
European Union
membership referendum
Political parties Ref
Remain Alliance Party of Northern Ireland [32][33]
Green Party in Northern Ireland [34]
Sinn Féin [35]
Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) [36]
Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) [37]
Leave
Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) [38][39]
People Before Profit Alliance (PBP) [40]
Traditional Unionist Voice (TUV) [41]

The Alliance Party campaigned on their opposition to sectarianism.[23] People Before Profit focused on their opposition to austerity.

Opinion polling

Date(s)
conducted
Polling organisation/client Sample size DUP SF UUP SDLP Alliance TUV Green PBP Others Lead
2 March 2017 2017 Assembly Election Results 812,783 28.1% 27.9% 12.9% 11.9% 9.1% 2.6% 2.3% 1.8% 3.7% 0.2%
24–26 February 2017 Lucid Talk 1,580 26.3% 25.3% 13.9% 12.2% 9.5% 4.4% 3.4% 2.4% 2.7% 1.0%
26–28 January 2017 Lucid Talk 1,580 25.9% 25.1% 13.9% 12.4% 8.9% 4.3% 3.9% 2.7% 3.1% 0.8%
5 May 2016 2016 Assembly Election Results 703,744 29.2% 24.0% 12.6% 12.0% 7.0% 3.4% 2.7% 2.0% 7.1% 5.2%

Results

Overall results

Party Leader Seats Votes[42] NI Executive
Seats
Candi-
dates
won Change
from
2016
Change
from
notional
First
Preference
votes
First
Pref. %
Change
from
2016
Seats Change
from
2016
DUP Arlene Foster 38 28 Decrease10 Decrease5 225,413 28.1% Decrease1.1%
Sinn Féin Michelle O'Neill 34 27 Decrease1 Increase4 224,245 27.9% Increase3.9%
SDLP Colum Eastwood 21 12 Steady Increase1 95,958 11.9% Decrease0.1%
UUP Mike Nesbitt 24 10 Decrease6 Decrease1 103,314 12.9% Increase0.3%
Alliance Naomi Long 21 8 Steady Steady 72,717 9.1% Increase2.1%
Green (NI) Steven Agnew 18 2 Steady Steady 18,527 2.3% Decrease0.4%
TUV Jim Allister 14 1 Steady Steady 20,523 2.6% Decrease0.9%
People Before Profit Eamonn McCann 7 1 Decrease1 Steady 14,100 1.8% Decrease0.2%
PUP Billy Hutchinson 3 0 Steady Steady 5,590 0.7% Decrease0.2%
NI Conservatives Emma Pidding 13 0 Steady Steady 2,399 0.3% Decrease0.1%
Labour Alternative Owen McCracken 4 0 Steady Steady 2,009 0.3% Steady
UKIP None 1 0 Steady Steady 1,579 0.2% Decrease1.3%
CISTA Barry Brown 3 0 Steady Steady 1,273 0.2% Decrease0.2%
Workers' Party John Lowry 5 0 Steady Steady 1,261 0.2% Steady
Independents N/A 22 1 Steady Increase1 14,407 1.8% Decrease1.5%
Total 228 90 Decrease18 803,315 10 Steady
Electorate: 1,254,709 Total Poll: 812,783 Turnout: 64.78% (Increase9.8%) Invalid Votes: 9,468
Map showing turnout and change in turnout from 2016.

Voting summary

First preference vote
DUP
  
28.1%
Sinn Féin
  
27.9%
UUP
  
12.9%
SDLP
  
11.9%
Alliance
  
9.1%
TUV
  
2.6%
Green (NI)
  
2.3%
PBPA
  
1.8%
Others
  
1.8%
Independent
  
1.8%

Seats summary

Assembly seats
DUP
  
31.1%
Sinn Féin
  
30.0%
SDLP
  
13.3%
UUP
  
11.1%
Alliance
  
8.9%
Green (NI)
  
2.2%
TUV
  
1.1%
PBPA
  
1.1%
Independent
  
1.1%

Seat changes compared to a notional result from 2016 with a 90-seat Assembly

Psephologist Nicholas Whyte estimated the likely result in the 2016 election had it been fought with 5-seat constituencies rather than six-seat constituencies. This table shows the different result, and compares the actual result in 2017 to this notional result.[43]

Party MLAs elected in 2016 Notional 2016 MLAs elected in 2017 Change from
notional 2016 result
Designation
DUP 38 33 28 Decrease 5 Unionist
Sinn Féin 28 23 27 Increase 4 Nationalist
UUP 16 11 10 Decrease 1 Unionist
SDLP 12 11 12 Increase 1 Nationalist
Alliance 8 8 8 Steady Other
Green (NI) 2 2 2 Steady Other
People Before Profit 2 1 1 Steady Other
TUV 1 1 1 Steady Unionist
Independent 1 0 1 Increase 1 Unionist
Total 108 90 90 Steady

Distribution of seats by constituency

Party affiliation of the five Assembly members returned by each constituency. The first column indicates the party of the Member of the House of Commons (MP) returned by the corresponding parliamentary constituency in the general election of 7 May 2015 (under the "first past the post" method).

(The constituencies are arranged here in rough geographical order around Lough Neagh from Antrim to Londonderry. To see them in alphabetical order, click the small square icon after "Constituency"; to restore this geographical order, click the icon at the left.)

2015 MP Constituency Candi-
dates
Total
seats
PBP
Green
Sinn
Féin
SDLP
Alli-
ance
UUP
DUP
TUV
Ind.
Seat
gained
by
Seat
formerly
held by
1 DUP North Antrim 5 1 1 2 1 DUP
2 DUP East Antrim 5 1 2 2 UUP
SF
DUP
3 UUP South Antrim 5 1 1 1 2 DUP
4 DUP Belfast North 5 2 1 2 DUP
5 SF Belfast West 5 1 4 SDLP
6 SDLP Belfast South 5 1 1 1 1 1 DUP
7 DUP Belfast East 5 2 1 2 DUP
8 Ind. North Down 5 1 1 1 2 DUP
9 DUP Strangford 5 1 1 3 UUP
10 DUP Lagan Valley 5 1 1 1 2 SDLP
UUP
DUP
11 DUP Upper Bann 5 1 1 1 2 SDLP
UUP
SF
12 SDLP South Down 5 2 2 1 UUP
13 SF Newry and Armagh 5 3 1 1 UUP
14 UUP Fermanagh & South Tyrone 5 3 1 1 SF
DUP
SDLP
15 SF West Tyrone 5 3 1 1 UUP
16 SF Mid Ulster 5 3 1 1 UUP
17 SDLP Foyle 5 2 2 1 PBP
18 DUP East Londonderry 5 1 1 2 1 DUP
18 Total 90 1 2 27 12 8 10 28 1 1
  Change since dissolution –18 –1 0 –1 –6 –10
  Assembly at dissolution 108 2 2 28 12 8 16 38 1 1
  Change during Assembly term
  Elected on 5 May 2011 218 108 2 2 28 12 8 16 38 1 1
  Elected on 7 March 2007 256 108 1 28 16 7 18 36 1 1 Prog. U.
  Elected on 23 November 2003 108 24 18 6 27 30 1 1 Prog. U. 1 UKUP
  Elected on 25 June 1998 108 18 24 6 28 20 4 2 Prog. U. 5 UKUP, 2 NIWC

Share of first-preference votes

Percentage of each constituency's first-preference votes. Four highest percentages in each constituency shaded; absolute majorities underlined. The constituencies are arranged in the geographic order described for the table above; click the icon next to "Constituency" to see them in alphabetical order.

  • [The totals given here are the sum of all valid ballots cast in each constituency, and the percentages are based on such totals. The turnout percentages in the last column, however, are based upon all ballots cast, which also include anything from twenty to a thousand invalid ballots in each constituency. The total valid ballots' percentage of the eligible electorate can correspondingly differ by 0.1% to 2% from the turnout percentage.]
2015
MP
MP's %
of 2015
vote
Constituency PBP
Green
Sinn
Féin
SDLP
Alli-
ance
UUP
DUP
TUV
Ind.
Others.
Total
votes
Eligible
elector-
ate
Turn-
out
 %
1 DUP 43.2% North Antrim 1.1 15.8 7.3 5.4 12.5 40.6 16.0 1.1 63.2%
2 DUP 36.1% East Antrim 2.1 9.9 4.1 16.0 22.7 35.2 4.1 0.3 5.7 60.1%
3 UUP 32.7% South Antrim 1.3 1.2 16.3 9.5 12.5 20.8 33.7 3.2 1.2 0.5 62.4%
4 DUP 47.0% Belfast North 3.8 1.7 29.4 13.1 8.4 5.8 32.1 0.2 5.5 61.8%
5 SF 54.2% Belfast West 14.9 0.6 61.8 8.6 1.9 1.2 10.1 1.0 66.8%
6 SDLP 24.5% Belfast South 1.8 9.9 17.7 19.4 17.8 9.0 20.8 1.6 2.1 64.0%
7 DUP 49.3% Belfast East 3.6 2.9 0.6 31.4 13.1 37.6 2.3 0.2 8.4 63.0%
8 Ind. 49.2% North Down 13.7 1.6 1.8 18.6 21.5 37.5 3.6 1.7 59.2%
9 DUP 44.4% Strangford 2.4 2.9 7.9 15.0 20.0 39.9 3.4 8.0 0.5 60.9%
10 DUP 47.9% Lagan Valley 2.0 4.0 8.4 13.5 25.2 41.3 3.1 2.1 0.4 62.6%
11 DUP 32.7% Upper Bann 1.1 27.8 9.9 5.3 20.6 32.8 2.0 0.6 62.5%
12 SDLP 42.3% South Down 1.0 38.6 25.2 9.2 8.4 15.8 1.3 0.4 0.2 66.2%
13 SF 41.1% Newry & Armagh 0.5 48.3 16.4 2.6 13.2 17.8 1.3 69.4%
14 UUP 46.4% Fermanagh & S. Tyrone 1.1 42.1 9.8 2.7 11.6 29.8 1.5 1.3 72.6%
15 SF 43.5% West Tyrone 0.9 48.1 14.2 2.8 8.2 20.4 1.9 2.4 0.9 69.9%
16 SF 48.7% Mid Ulster 0.5 52.8 12.9 2.0 9.1 19.3 2.5 0.5 0.4 72.4%
17 SDLP 47.9% Foyle 10.7 0.5 36.6 31.8 2.5 3.7 13.4 0.1 0.6 65.0%
18 DUP 42.2% East Londonderry 1.2 0.7 25.8 7.9 4.4 6.7 33.5 2.5 14.6 2.6 62.7%
18 Northern Ireland 1.8 2.3 27.9 11.9 9.1 12.9 28.1 2.6 1.8 1.8 812,783 1,254,709 64.8%
Change since 2016 –0.2 –0.4 +3.9 –0.1 +2.1 +0.3 –1.1 –0.9 –2.1 –1.5 +109,039 –26,886 +10.0%
Election of May 2016 2.0 2.7 24.0 12.0 7.0 12.6 29.2 3.4 3.9 3.3 703,744 1,281,595 54.9%
Election of May 2011 0.9 26.9 14.2 7.7 13.2 30.0 2.5 2.2 2.3 661,736 1,210,009 55.6%
Election of March 2007 1.7 26.2 15.2 5.2 14.9 30.1 3.8 2.8 690,313 1,107,904 62.9%
Election of Nov. 2003 0.4 23.5 17.0 3.7 22.7 25.7 5.6 2.8 692,026 1,097,526 63.1%
Election of June 1998 0.1 17.6 22.0 6.5 21.3 18.1 10.9 3.5 823,565 1,178,556 69.9%

Incumbents defeated

MLA[44] Party Constituency
Nelson McCausland DUP Belfast North
Emma Little Pengelly DUP Belfast South
Alex Attwood SDLP Belfast West
Oliver McMullan Sinn Féin East Antrim
Adrian McQuillan DUP East Londonderry
Gerry Mullan Independent East Londonderry
Maurice Morrow DUP Fermanagh and South Tyrone
Richie McPhillips SDLP Fermanagh and South Tyrone
Eamonn McCann People Before Profit Foyle
Brenda Hale DUP Lagan Valley
Jenny Palmer UUP Lagan Valley
Sandra Overend UUP Mid Ulster
Danny Kennedy UUP Newry and Armagh
Phillip Logan DUP North Antrim
Trevor Clarke DUP South Antrim
Harold McKee UUP South Down
Philip Smith UUP Strangford
Jonathan Bell Independent Strangford
Jo-Anne Dobson UUP Upper Bann

Aftermath

The election marked a significant shift in Northern Ireland's politics, being the first election since Ireland's partition in 1921 in which unionist parties did not win a majority of seats. The DUP's loss of seats also prevents it from unilaterally using the petition of concern mechanism, which the party had controversially used to block measures such as the introduction of same-sex marriage to Northern Ireland.[45][46]

UUP leader Mike Nesbitt announced his resignation, following the party's failure to make any breakthrough.[47]

Sinn Féin reiterated that it would not return to a power-sharing arrangement with the DUP without significant changes in the DUP's approach, including Foster not becoming First Minister until the RHI investigation is complete.[48] The parties have three weeks to form an administration; failing that, new elections would be called.

While unionism has lost its overall majority in the Assembly, the result has been characterised by political analyst Matthew Whiting as being more about voters seeking competent local leadership, and about the DUP having less success than Sinn Féin in motivating its traditional voter base to turn out, than about a significant move towards a united Ireland.[49]

Secretary of State for Northern Ireland James Brokenshire gave the political parties more time to reach a coalition agreement after the 27 March deadline passed.[50] Sinn Féin called for fresh elections if agreement could not be reached.[51] Negotiations were paused over Easter, but Brokenshire threatened a new election or direct rule if no agreement could be reached by early May.[52] On 18 April, the Conservative Party Prime Minister, Theresa May, then called a snap general election for 8 June 2017. A new deadline of 29 June was then set for power-sharing talks.[53]

The UK General Election saw both the DUP and Sinn Féin advance, with the UUP and SDLP losing all their MPs. The overall result saw the Conservatives losing seats, resulting in a hung parliament. May has sought to continue as Prime Minister running a minority administration through seeking the support of the DUP. Various commentators suggested this raises problems for the UK government's role as a neutral arbiter in Northern Ireland, as is required under the Good Friday Agreement.[54][55][56] Talks re-start on 12 June 2017.

Footnotes

  1. ^ The last election was for an Assembly with 108 seats.
  2. ^ Sinn Féin's leader is Gerry Adams, but Michelle O'Neill is the leader of the party in the Northern Ireland Assembly.
  3. ^ Sinn Féin leader in the Northern Ireland Assembly.[1]

References

  1. ^ "Michelle O'Neill named as NI replacement for McGuinness". RTÉ. 23 January 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Northern Ireland Assembly Election, 2 March 2017". Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Electoral Office for Northern Ireland: Turnout Statistics" (PDF). Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "Northern Ireland Assembly elections put back to 2016". BBC News. 10 May 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "Northern Ireland (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2014". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  6. ^ "Sinn Féin declines to make Stormont nomination". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 16 January 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Martin McGuinness resigns as NI deputy first minister". BBC. 10 January 2017. 
  8. ^ Connolly, Maeve. "Sinn Féin Deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness resigns". 
  9. ^ "McGuinness quits: What happens next in Northern Ireland?". BBC. 9 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "Number of candidates by constituency". EONI. Retrieved 8 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Statements of Persons Nominated". EONI. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Election 2017: Former SDLP MLA Gerry Mullan to run as independent in election". 
  13. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated - Strangford". EONI. Retrieved 8 February 2017. 
  14. ^ "Northern Ireland Assembly election results". 3 March 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  15. ^ "Anderson stepping down". Lurgan Mail. 18 January 2017. 
  16. ^ McCormack, Jayne (2017-01-24). "DUP MLA Sammy Douglas tells assembly he's standing down from politics". Twitter. Retrieved 2017-01-24. 
  17. ^ "DUP MLA Ross announces decision to quit politics". Belfast Telegraph. 2017-01-24. Retrieved 2017-01-24. 
  18. ^ "Martin McGuinness: Ex-deputy first minister will not stand in NI election". BBC. 19 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "Sinn Féin's Ruane will not stand for election". BBC News. 15 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "Sinn Féin's Catherine Seeley will not stand in next Assembly election". ITV News. 16 January 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  21. ^ Devenport, Mark. "UUP's @RossHusseyMLA says he is retiring from politics". Twitter. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  22. ^ a b (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Northern Ireland torn between past and future - Europe - DW.COM - 01.03.2017". 
  23. ^ a b "RHI and vote transfers light up NI election TV debate". 1 March 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  24. ^ "Ulster Unionist leader Mike Nesbitt is to resign". 4 March 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  25. ^ "Unionist will give second preference to SDLP". 
  26. ^ "NI assembly election: UUP leader Mike Nesbitt will transfer vote to SDLP". 12 February 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  27. ^ "Eight UUP candidates: We’ll transfer unionist before SDLP". 
  28. ^ "UUP councillor resigns over Mike Nesbitt's SDLP second vote pledge - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk". 
  29. ^ "DUP 'Project Fear' over Sinn Fein topping poll is costing UUP votes, claims party veteran - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk". 
  30. ^ Newsnight, BBC2, 1 March 2017
  31. ^ Duncan, Pamela; Carolan, Liz; McDonald, Henry; Carrell, Severin; Syal, Rajeev (24 February 2017). "DUP spent £282,000 on Brexit ad that did not run in Northern Ireland" – via The Guardian. 
  32. ^ "Dickson – An EU referendum will threaten jobs and investment in Northern Ireland". Alliance Party of Northern Ireland. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  33. ^ "Alliance expresses concerns over referendum idea". allianceparty.org. 29 April 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  34. ^ Staff (February 2014). Green Party in Northern Ireland: Manifesto 2015 (PDF). greenpartyni.org. Green Party in Northern Ireland. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-11-18. Retrieved 22 December 2015. 
  35. ^ "Sinn Fein to protect EU membership". The Belfast Telegraph. 20 April 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  36. ^ SDLP. "International Affairs". Social Democratic and Labour Party. Archived from the original on 21 July 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  37. ^ UUP. "Statement from the Ulster Unionist Party on EU Referendum". Ulster Unionist Party. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  38. ^ Cromie, Claire (25 November 2015). "EU referendum: DUP gives backing to UKIP Brexit campaign, blasting David Cameron's 'pathetic demands'". The Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  39. ^ "DUP to 'recommend vote to leave the EU'". The News Letter. Belfast. 20 February 2016. 
  40. ^ PBP. "Lexit: why we need a left exit from the eu". Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  41. ^ "EU Membership is a Matter for UK Citizens, Not US President". tuv.org.uk. Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  42. ^ "Northern Ireland Assembly election 2017 results". 
  43. ^ Whyte, Nicholas (22 December 2016). "If the 2016 Assembly election had had five seats per constituency...". 
  44. ^ "Northern Ireland Assembly election results". 3 March 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  45. ^ "Sinn Fein cuts DUP lead to one seat in Stormont Assembly as nationalists surge in Northern Ireland". 
  46. ^ Humphries, Conor. "Northern Ireland braces for uncertain new era after McGuinness". Reuters UK. Retrieved 2017-03-23. 
  47. ^ "Mike Nesbitt steps down as UUP leader". 3 March 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  48. ^ "'No revolt within DUP,' says Foster". 6 March 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  49. ^ "One step closer to a united Ireland? Explaining Sinn Féin’s electoral success". blogs.lse.ac.uk. 6 March 2017. 
  50. ^ Kroet, Cynthia (27 March 2017). "No Snap Election in Northern Ireland After Talks Collapse". Politico. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  51. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-39555774
  52. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-politics-39576415
  53. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-39651071
  54. ^ https://leftfootforward.org/2017/06/how-will-the-northern-irish-power-sharing-be-affected-by-the-tory-dup-friendship/
  55. ^ http://www.apcoworldwide.com/blog/detail/apcoforum/2017/06/09/the-deciding-votes-from-ulster
  56. ^ The Andrew Marr Show, BBC1, 11 June 2017

External links

Manifestos

  • Alliance
  • DUP
  • Green (NI)
  • Northern Ireland Conservatives
  • People Before Profit Alliance
  • SDLP
  • Sinn Féin
  • Traditional Unionist Voice
  • UKIP
  • UUP
  • Workers' Party of Northern Ireland
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