Northern America

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Northern America
Northern America (orthographic projection).svg
Area 21,780,142 km2 (8,409,360 sq mi)
Population (2016) 358,593,810
States
Dependencies
GDP $18.6 trillion
(PPP, 2013 est.)[1]
Major languages English, French, Spanish, Danish, Greenlandic, and various recognized regional languages
Timezone UTC (Danmarkshavn, Greenland) to
UTC -10:00 (west Aleutians)
Largest urban agglomerations

Northern America is the northernmost subcontinent of North America. Lying directly north of the region of Middle America (Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central America),[1] Northern America's land border with the remainder of North America coincides with the Mexico–United States border. Geopolitically, according to the scheme of geographic regions and subregions, Northern America consists of[2][3] Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, and the United States of America.

Definitions

Maps using the term Northern America date back to 1755, when the region was occupied by France, Great Britain, and Spain.[4] The Solemn Act of the Declaration of Independence of Northern America in 1813 applied to Mexico. Today, Northern America includes the Canada–US dyad, developed countries that exhibit very high Human Development Indexes and intense economic integration while sharing many socioeconomic characteristics.[5]

Countries and dependent territories

Country or territory Area
(km²)[6]
Population
(2016)[7]
Population density
(per km²)
Capital
 Bermuda 53.2 61,666 1,275 Hamilton
 Canada 9,984,670 36,289,822 3.4 Ottawa
 Greenland 2,166,086 56,412 0.026 Nuuk
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 242 6,305 25 Saint-Pierre
 United States[8] 9,826,675 322,179,605 32.7 Washington, D.C.

Demographics

Year Population of
Northern America
Canada population,
% of Northern America
U.S. population,
% of Northern America
1950 171,615,000 13,737,000 8.0% 157,813,000 92.0%
1960 204,167,000 +19.0% 17,909,000 8.8% 186,177,000 91.2%
1970 231,029,000 +13.2% 21,439,000 9.3% 209,486,000 90.7%
1980 254,217,000 +10.0% 24,516,000 9.6% 229,588,000 90.3%
1990 280,633,000 +10.4% 27,662,000 9.9% 252,848,000 90.1%
2000 313,724,000 +11.8% 30,702,000 9.8% 282,896,000 90.2%
2010 344,129,000 +9.7% 34,126,000 9.9% 309,876,000 90.0%
2015 357,838,000 +4.0% 35,940,000 10.0% 321,774,000 89.9%

[3]

See also

External links

  • Canada and the United States, by Stephen Azzi and J.L. Granatstein

References

  1. ^ Gonzalez, Joseph. 2004. "Northern America: Land of Opportunity" (ch. 6). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Geography. (ISBN 1592571883) New York: Alpha Books; pp. 57-8
  2. ^ Definition of major areas and regions, from World Migrant Stock: The 2005 Revision Population Database, United Nations Population Division. Accessed on line October 3, 2007.
  3. ^ Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings, UN Statistics Division. Accessed on line October 3, 2007. (French)
  4. ^ Bellin, Jacques-Nicolas. 1755. Carte de l'Amerique septentrionale (Map of Northern America). Item NMC 21057: Library and Archives Canada.
  5. ^ Torrey, Barbara Boyle & Eberstadt, Nicholas. 2005 (Aug./Sep.). "The Northern America Fertility Divide." Hoover Institution Policy Review. No. 132.
  6. ^ Unless otherwise noted, land area figures are taken from "Demographic Yearbook—Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. 2008. Retrieved 2010-10-14. 
  7. ^ "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  8. ^ Includes the U.S. state of Hawaii, which is distant from the North American landmass in the Pacific Ocean and therefore more commonly associated with the other territories of Oceania.
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