North Straits Salish language

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North Straits Salish
Region Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada; Washington, United States
Native speakers
105 (2016 census)[1]
Salishan
Dialects
Language codes
ISO 639-3 str
Glottolog stra1244[2]

North Straits Salish is a Salish language which includes the dialects of

  • Lummi (also known as Xwlemiʼchosen, xʷləmiʔčósən) (†)
  • Saanich (also known as SENĆOŦEN, sənčáθən, sénəčqən)
  • Samish (also known as Siʔneməš) (†)
  • Semiahmoo (SEMYOME) (also known as Tah-tu-lo) (†)
  • T'sou-ke or Sooke (also known as Tʼsou-ke, c̓awk) (†)
  • Songhees (also known as Lək̓ʷəŋín̓əŋ or Lekwungen or Songish), three speakers (2011)[3]

Although they are mutually intelligible, each dialect is traditionally referred to as if it were a separate language, and there is no native term to encompass them all.

North Straits, along with Klallam, forms the Straits Salish branch of the Central Coast Salish languages. Klallam and North Straits are very closely related, but not mutually intelligible.

See Saanich dialect for the phonology.

See also

  • Laurence C. Thompson; M. Terry Thompson; Barbara S. Efrat (1974). "Some Phonological Developments in Straits Salish". International Journal of American Linguistics. 40 (3): 182&ndash, 196. doi:10.1086/465311.
  • Timothy Montler (1999). "Language and dialect variation in Straits Salishan". Anthropological Linguistics. 41 (4): 462&ndash, 502.

References

  1. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Aboriginal Mother Tongue (90)". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Straits Salish". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Patterson, Travis (2011-06-01). "Traditional language comes alive on breakwater". Victoria News. Retrieved 2013-06-02.

External links

  • An Outline of the Morphology and Phonology of Saanich, North Straits Salish
  • Saanich, North Straits Salish Classified Word List
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