North Barrackpur

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North Barrackpur
City
North Barrackpur is located in West Bengal
North Barrackpur
North Barrackpur
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°47′49″N 88°22′01″E / 22.79687°N 88.36691°E / 22.79687; 88.36691Coordinates: 22°47′49″N 88°22′01″E / 22.79687°N 88.36691°E / 22.79687; 88.36691
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Government
 • Chairman Moloy Kumar Ghosh[1]
Area
 • Total 12.61 km2 (4.87 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 132,806
 • Density 11,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 743122, 743144
Telephone code 91 33
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Lok Sabha constituency Barrackpore
Vidhan Sabha constituency Noapara
Website north24parganas.nic.in

North Barrackpur is a city with a municipality in Barrackpore subdivision[2] of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration.

History

North Barrackpur municipality was established in 1869. Sir Surendranath Banerjee was the first Indian elected chairman of the municipality in 1885. He held that office for 34 years from 1885 to 1889, and from 1891 to 1921.[3]

Geography

Cities and towns in the northern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood, OG: outgrowth
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

North Barrackpur is located at 22°46′37″N 88°20′45″E / 22.7768700°N 88.3459100°E / 22.7768700; 88.3459100.

North Barrackpur municipality is bounded by Garulia on the north, Noapara, Kaugachhi and Paltapara on the east, Barrackpur Cantonment, Barrackpore, Jafarpur, Babanpur, Mohanpur and Telenipara on the south and Ichhapur Defence Estate and the Hooghly on the west. Although not spelled out specifically, it is evident that such localities as Ichapore, Nawabganj, Palta, Anandamath, Mayapalli and Prantik are neighbourhoods in North Barrackpur.[4][5][3]

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside; all places marked on the map are linked in the full-screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2 The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[6]

For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.

Police station

Noapara police station under Barrackpore Police Commissionerate has jurisdiction over Garulia and North Barrackpur municipal areas.[7][8]

Post Offices

Ichapur has a non-delivery sub post office, with PIN 743144 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are the Metal and Steel Factory, Anandamath, Ichapur Nawabganj, PS Bureau, Ichapur Rifle Factory and Kantadhar.[9][10]

Bengal Enamel Post Office at Palta is a delivery sub post office, with PIN 743122 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. No other post office has the same PIN.[11]

Demographics

Population

Population of North Barrackpur 
Census Pop.
1901 12,600
1911 11,847 -6.0%
1921 15,433 30.3%
1931 16,258 5.3%
1941 26,966 65.9%
1951 32,173 19.3%
1961 56,683 76.2%
1971 76,335 34.7%
1981 81,758 7.1%
1991 100,606 23.1%
2001 123,668 22.9%
2011 132,806 7.4%
Source:[12]


As per the 2011 Census of India, North Barrackpore had a total population of 132,806, of which 66,924 (50%) were males and 65,882 (50%) were females. Population below 6 years was 8,710. The total number of literates in North Barrackpore was 116,524 (93.90% of the population over 6 years).[13]

As of 2001 India census,[14] North Barrackpur had a population of 123,523. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. North Barrackpur has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 87%, and female literacy is 81%. In North Barrackpur, 7% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[15]

Infrastructure

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, North Barrackpur municipal city covered an area of 12.61 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had 208 km of roads and open drains. Amongst the medical facilities the nearest maternity home was 2.5 km away, 1 nursing home and certain other medical facilities (without beds) were also available 2.5 km away. It had 1 veterinary hospital and 5 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities it had 52 primary schools, 19 middle and secondary schools and 3 non-formal education centres. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 1 auditorium/ community hall, 4 public libraries and 4 reading rooms. Amongst the commodities manufactured were bakery products, spices and soya beans. It had 6 bank branches. Barrackpore is 3 km away.[16]

According to the North Barrackpore municipality, amongst the educational facilities there are 42 primary schools, 19 secondary schools, 9 higher secondary schools and 1 college. Amongst the medical facilities there 2 hospitals, 4 health centres and 9 sub-centres. There are 6 markets (including 2 under defense area). There is 1 community hall (Gosto Mandap). 21,711 holdings had water connection. There are 4,120 street lights (CESC – 3,025 and WBSEB – 1,095) and 513 street taps.[3]

See also Cities and towns in Barrackpore subdivision

Economy

Indira Gandhi Water Works

Palta Water Works, rechristened Indira Gandhi Water Treatment Plant, was the first intake point of water for Kolkata, established 1864-1870, spread over 480 acres at Palta. It was expanded in 1888-1893, 1905, 1920, 1936, 1952 and 1968. The total daily potable water supply is 1,350 million litres or 96 million gallons. It feeds 212,000 domestic connections plus commercial connections in Kolkata.[17] The distance between Indira Gandhi Water Treatment Plant and the pumping station at Tala is 22 km.[18]

KMDA

North Barrackpur municipality is included in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area for which the KMDA is the statutory planning and development authority.[19][20]

Transport

State Highway 1 (locally known as Ghoshpara Road or Barrackpore-Palta Road) passes through North Barrackpur.[21]

Palta and Ichhapur stations on the Sealdah-Ranaghat line are located in North Barrackpur municipal area. While Palta is 25 km from Sealdah Station, Ichhapur is 27 km.[22][21] It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system.

Nawabganj Ferry Ghat links to Champdani Ferry Ghat at Champdani across the Hooghly. Debitala Ferry Ghat links to Gourhati Ferry Ghat at Angus/ Bhadreswar.[21]

Commuters

Around a total of 32 lakh people from all around the city commute to Kolkata daily for work. In the Sealdah-Krishnanagar section there are 34 trains that carry commuters from 30 railway stations. In the Seadah-Shantipur section 32 trains carry commuters from 29 stations.[23]

Education

P.N. Das College was established at PO Bengal Enamel, Palta in 1962. It has around 1,700 students.[24][25]

Healthcare

North 24 Parganas district has been identified as one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[26]

References

  1. ^ North Barrackpore Municipality
  2. ^ District-wise list of statutory towns Archived 2007-08-09 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b c "North Barrackpore Municipality". NBM. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Barrackpore I CD Block on Page 365. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Barrackpore II CD Block on Page 379. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  7. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Barrackpore Police Commissionerate". List of Police Stations with telephone numbers. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  9. ^ "Locate Post Offices". West Bengal. Postal Department. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  10. ^ "Ichapur PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  11. ^ "Bengal Enamel PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  12. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  13. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  14. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  15. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  16. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Indira Gandhi Water Works". A Brief Overiew. Kolkata Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  18. ^ "Palta Water Works". Barrackpore administration. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  19. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authoity, Annual Report 2010-11". 1/1 Kolkata Metropolitan Area Map. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  20. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority, Annual Report 2010-11". 1 / 2 Role of KMDA. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  21. ^ a b c Google maps
  22. ^ "31311 Sealdah-Kalyani Simanta Local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  23. ^ Dey, Teesta. "The Suburban Railway Network of Kolkata: A Geographical Apprisal" (PDF). eTraverse, the Indian journal of spatial science, 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  24. ^ "P.N.Das College". PNDC. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  25. ^ "PN Das College". College Admission. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  26. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (19 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Retrieved 2007-08-24.
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