Norman L. Bowen

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Norman Levi Bowen
Norman Levi Bowen (1887-1956).jpg
Norman Levi Bowen
Born Norman Levi Bowen
(1887-06-21)June 21, 1887
Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Died September 11, 1956(1956-09-11) (aged 69)
Nationality Canadian
Known for Bowen's reaction series
Awards
Scientific career
Fields petrology
Institutions Carnegie Institution for Science

Norman Levi Bowen FRS[2] was born in Kingston, Ontario, Canada June 21, 1887 and died on September 11, 1956. Bowen "revolutionized experimental petrology and our understanding of mineral crystallization". Beginning geology students are familiar with Bowen's reaction series depicting how different minerals crystallize under varying pressures and temperatures."[3]

Career

Bowen conducted experimental research at the Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution for Science of Washington from 1912 to 1937. He published The Evolution of the Igneous Rocks in 1928. This book set the stage for a geochemical and geophysical foundation for the study of rocks and minerals. This book became the petrology handbook.

Personal life

Bowen married Mary Lamont in 1911, and they had a daughter Catherine.

Awards and honours

Bowen was awarded the Penrose Medal in 1941 and elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1949.[2]

The Norman L. Bowen Award, awarded annually by the American Geophysical Union, is named in his honour.

The astronauts of Apollo 17 named a small lunar crater after him.

References

  1. ^ Norman Levi BowenBiographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences
  2. ^ a b c Tilley, C. E. (1957). "Norman Levi Bowen 1887–1956". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 3: 6–26. JSTOR 769349. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1957.0002. 
  3. ^ Chamot, Josh. 100 Years of Science History., Geotimes, 3 (2002): 44–45. http://www.geotimes.org/mar02/onexhibit.html

Further reading

  • Norman L. Bowen, science.ca Profile. Available from: http://www.science.ca/scientists/scientistprofile.php?pID=271
  • Yoder, H. S., Jr. Norman L. Bowen: The Experimental Approach to Petrology. GSA Today 5 (1998): 10–11. Available: http://gsahist.org/gsat/gt98may10_11.pdf
  • Yoder, H. S., Jr. Norman L. Bowen (1887–1956), MIT Class of 1912, First Predoctoral Fellow of the Geophysical Laboratory. Earth Sciences History 1 (1992): 45–55. Available: http://vgp.agu.org/bowen_paper/bowen_paper.html
  • Norman Levi Bowen Papers, 1907–1980 (Bulk 1907–1955), Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, D.C., Finding aid written by: Jennifer Snyder, March 2004, PDF available: https://web.archive.org/web/20050222182019/http://hq.ciw.edu:80/legacy/findingaids/bowen.pdf
  • Strickler, Mike, Ask GeoMan..., What is Bowen's Reaction Series?, http://jersey.uoregon.edu/~mstrick/AskGeoMan/geoQuerry32.html
  • http://carnegieinstitution.org/legacy/findingaids/bowen.html Bowen bibliography site
  • https://web.archive.org/web/20051003223226/http://www.agu.org:80/inside/awardees.html#BowenList of Bowen Award winners
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