Norham

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Norham
Norham Village Green - geograph.org.uk - 911561.jpg
Norham Village Green
Norham is located in Northumberland
Norham
Norham
Norham shown within Northumberland
Population 579 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference NT900471
Civil parish
  • Norham
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BERWICK-UPON-TWEED
Postcode district TD15
Dialling code 01289
Police Northumbria
Fire Northumberland
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Northumberland
55°43′05″N 2°09′29″W / 55.718°N 2.158°W / 55.718; -2.158Coordinates: 55°43′05″N 2°09′29″W / 55.718°N 2.158°W / 55.718; -2.158

Norham (/ˈnɒrəm/ NORR-əm) is a village and civil parish in Northumberland, England, on the south side of the River Tweed where it is the border with Scotland.

History

Its ancient name was Ubbanford. Ecgred of Lindisfarne (d.845) replaced a wooden church with one of stone, translated the relics of St. Ceolwulf here.[2]

It is the site of the 12th-century Norham Castle, and was for many years the centre for the Norhamshire exclave of County Durham. It was transferred to Northumberland in 1844.

It was on the Tweed here that Edward I of England met the Scots nobility in 1292 to decide on the future king of Scotland.

Sir Walter Scott gained fame as a poet, particularly with Marmion set around the Battle of Flodden in 1513. It begins:

Day set on Norham's castled steep,
And Tweed's fair river, broad and deep,
And Cheviot's mountains lone:
The battled towers, the donjon keep,
The loophole grates where captives weep,
The flanking walls that round it sweep,
In yellow lustre shone.

The 19th-century Ladykirk and Norham Bridge is a late stone road bridge that connects the village with Ladykirk in the Scottish Borders.

J. M. W. Turner always tipped his hat to Norham Castle, as it was the place which brought him fame as an artist. The picture of the castle which hangs in Tate Britain, luminously near-abstract, is one of the great treasures of the collection.

Norham railway station, built 1851, closed in 1965 and was turned into a museum by its final station master, Peter Short. In 2013 it was up for sale at an asking price of £420,000.[3]


Governance

An electoral ward in the name of Norham and Islandshires exists. This ward stretches south east to just short of Bamburgh and has a total population taken at the 2011 Census of 4,438.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  2. ^ Hodges, Charles Clement. "The Pre-Conquest Churches of Northumbria", The Reliquary, April 1893, p. 84
  3. ^ The Daily Telegraph Nov 1st 2013
  4. ^ "Norham and the Islandshires ward population 2011". Retrieved 30 June 2015.

External links

  • GENUKI (Accessed: 20 November 2008)


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