Nkwe Medal

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Nkwe Medal
BDF Nkwe Medal.jpg
Awarded by the State President
Country Flag of Bophuthatswana.svg Bophuthatswana
Type Military campaign medal
Eligibility All ranks
Awarded for Operational service
Status Discontinued in 1994
Statistics
Established 1990
BDF pre-1994 & SANDF post-2002 orders of wear
Next (higher)
BDF precedence:
SANDF precedence:
Next (lower)
BDF succession:
SANDF succession:
Ribbon - Nkwe Medal.png
Ribbon bar

The Nkwe Medal (Leopard medal) was instituted by the State President of the Republic of Bophuthatswana in 1990, for award to all ranks for operational service.[1][2]

The Bophuthatswana Defence Force

The Bophuthatswana Defence Force (BDF) was established upon that country's independence on 6 December 1977. The Republic of Bophuthatswana ceased to exist on 27 April 1994 and the Bophuthatswana Defence Force was amalgamated with six other military forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).[3][4][5]

Institution

The Nkwe Medal (Leopard Medal) was instituted by the State President of Bophuthatswana in 1990.[1][6]

Award criteria

The medal could be awarded to all ranks for operational service.[1][6]

Order of wear

Since the Nkwe Medal was authorised for wear by one of the statutory forces which came to be part of the South African National Defence Force on 27 April 1994, it was accorded a position in the official South African order of precedence on that date.[6][7]

Bophuthatswana Defence Force until 26 April 1994

Marumo Medal, Class II Nkwe Medal General Service Medal (Bophuthatswana)

South African National Defence Force from 27 April 1994

Ciskei Defence Medal Nkwe Medal General Service Medal (Bophuthatswana)

  • Official SANDF order of precedence:
  • Official national order of precedence:
    • Preceded by the Defence Medal of the Republic of Ciskei.
    • Succeeded by the General Service Medal of the Republic of Bophuthatswana.[6]

The position of the Nkwe Medal in the order of precedence remained unchanged, as it was on 27 April 1994, when decorations and medals were belatedly instituted in April 1996 for the two former non-statutory forces, the Azanian People's Liberation Army and Umkhonto we Sizwe, and again when a new series of military orders, decorations and medals was instituted in South Africa on 27 April 2003.[6]

Description

Obverse

The Nkwe Medal is an octagonal medal, struck in nickel-silver and 3 millimetres thick at the rim, to fit inside a circle 38 millimetres in diameter. It depicts a prowling leopard.[1][8]

Reverse

The reverse has the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Bophuthatswana with the medal number impressed below. The reverse of the suspender is undecorated.

Ribbon

The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide, with a 4 millimetres wide red band, a 2 millimetres wide white band and a 4 millimetres wide red band, repeated and separated by a 12 millimetres wide dark yellow band in the centre.[1][8]

Discontinuation

Conferment of the Nkwe Medal was discontinued when the Republic of Bophuthatswana ceased to exist on 27 April 1994.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e South African Medal Website - Bophuthatswana Defence Force (Accessed 30 April 2015)
  2. ^ Republic of Bophuthatswana Constitution Act, 1977
  3. ^ South Africa Homeland Militaries, May 1996 (Accessed 1 May 2015)
  4. ^ Peled, Alon (1998), A Question of Loyalty: Military Manpower Policy in Multiethnic States, Cornell Studies in Security Affairs, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 50f, ISBN 0-8014-3239-1
  5. ^ a b Warrant of the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of the "UNITAS MEDAL-UNITAS-MEDALJE", Gazette no. 16087 dated 25 November 1994.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981
  7. ^ Republic of South Africa Government Gazette no. 15093, Pretoria, 3 September 1993
  8. ^ a b Uniform: SA Army: Former Forces Medals - Bophuthatswana Defence Force (BDF)
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