Nizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II

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Nawab Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi Asaf Jah II
The V Nizam of Hyderabad state
Mir Nizam Ali Khan.jpg
Nizam of Hyderabad
Reign 8 July 1762 – 6 August 1803
Predecessor Salabat Jung
Successor Asaf Jah III
Born 7 March 1734
Hyderabad State, Mughal India
(now in India)
Died 6 August 1803 (aged 69)
Chowmahalla Palace, Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, Mughal India
(now in Telangana, India)
Father Qamaruddin Khan
Mother Umda Begum
Religion Islam
Military career
Allegiance Mughal Empire
Service/branch Nizam of Hyderabad
Rank Subadar
Battles/wars Mughal-Maratha Wars, Anglo-Mysore Wars

Nawab Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi Bayafandi Bahadur Asaf Jah II (7 March 1734 – 6 August 1803) was the Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India between 1762 and 1803. He was born on 7 March 1734 as fourth son to Asaf Jah I and Umda Begum. His official name is Asaf Jah II, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Nizam 'Ali Khan Siddiqi Bayafandi Bahadur, Fath Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subedar of the Deccan.

Nizam of Hyderabad

Faujdar of the Deccan

Nizam Ali was appointed as the leading commander and administrator of the Deccan in the year 1759, his successful methods of fighting against the Marathas had earned him much repute as a capable commander.


Shah Alam II' - Subedar of the Deccan

After the Marathas were routed during the Third Battle of Panipat in the year 1761, Nizam Ali and his army of 60,000 immediately advanced and repulsed them as far as Puna and forced them to sue for lasting peace. Nizam Ali then seized the Bidar Fort and later arrested Salabat Jung, this action of Nizam Ali Khan was ratified by the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, who issued a Firman terminating Salabat Jung (supported by the French East India Company), from his position as the Subedar of Deccan and appointing Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II as his successor.[1]

Asaf Jah II became the Subedar of the Deccan on 8 July 1762. He transferred his capital from Aurangabad to Hyderabad in 1763 as Aurangabad was very close to Maratha Territory and therefore prone to aggression.[citation needed]

Supporting Shah Alam II

Immediately after recapturing the throne Shah Alam II in 1772, came under the influence of Nizam Ali Khan the Nizam of Hyderabad, an ineffective ruler who could not increase his vassal state or expand its power.

Nizam's incoherence with Hyder Ali

Nizam Ali Khan was very fearful of the rise of highly capable figures such as Hyder Ali and made every effort to downgrade the relations between the Mughal Emperor and the Sultanate of Mysore.[2]

Nizam's intervention against the Peshwa

In 1762, Raghunathrao allied with the Nizam due to mutual distrust and differences with Madhavrao Peshwa. The Nizam marched towards Poona. In 1763, Madhavrao II defeated Nizam at Battle of Rakshasbhuvan and signed a treaty with the Marathas.[3]

In 1795, he was defeated by Madhavrao II's Marathas at the Battle of Kharda and was forced to cede Daulatabad, Aurangabad and Sholapur and pay an indemnity of Rs. 30 million.[4]

A French general, Monsieur Raymond, served as his military leader, strategist and advisor.[citation needed]

Fall of Mysore

The following year, he realized that the fall of Tipu Sultan was imminent and thus, he entered into a Subsidiary Alliance with the British East India Company[citation needed]. Thus Hyderabad, which is in both area and population comparable to the United Kingdom, became a princely state within the British Raj.[citation needed]

Death

Asaf Jah II died at Chowmahalla, Hyderabad at the age of 69 on 6 August 1803.

See also

References

  1. ^ History of modern Deccan, 1720/1724-1948: Volume 1
  2. ^ https://books.google.com.pk/books?id=Z4-8Z0gqBkoC&pg=PA11&dq=hyder+ali+and+mughal+emperor+shah+alam+ii&hl=en&sa=X&ei=wDcRT_P2HoOhOpyngb0H&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=hyder%20ali%20and%20mughal%20emperor%20shah%20alam%20ii&f=false
  3. ^ Desai, Ranjit. Swami. 
  4. ^ The Marathas 1600-1818, Band 2 by Stewart Gordon p.169

External links

  • Brief biography
Nizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II
Preceded by
Asaf ad-Dawlah Mir Ali Salabat Jang
Nizam of Hyderabad
8 July 1762 – 6 August 1803
Succeeded by
Mir Akbar Ali Khan Siddiqi Asaf Jah III


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