Ningdu Conference

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The Ningdu Conference (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Níng Huì) was a meeting of the Communist Party of China (CPC) held in the Banshan Ancestral Hall (榜山祠) in the village of Xiaoyuan (小源), Ningdu County, Jiangxi Province. The meeting took place in early October 1932 (possibly October 3-8[1]), shortly after the successful repulsion of the Nationalists' third encirclement campaign against the Jiangxi Soviet by the communist forces.

The conference led to a shift in the tactics of the People's Liberation Army from guerrilla warfare to mobile, conventional tactics.[2] Along with this shift in tactics, the conference resulted in Mao Zedong's removal from his leadership positions.[2] He was replaced as commissar of the army by Zhou Enlai.[2] Mao was not restored to central leadership until the Zunyi Conference during the Long March (in January 1935).

See also


  1. ^ Stuart R. Schram (ed.): The Pre-Marxist Period, 1912-1920, Volume 1, M.E. Sharpe, 1997, page 58
  2. ^ a b c Larry M. Wortzel; Robin D. S. Higham (1999). Dictionary of contemporary Chinese military history. ABC-CLIO. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-313-29337-5. 
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