Nimba County

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Nimba County
County
Flag of Nimba County
Flag
Nickname(s): The Heroic Land (The Home of Conqueror)
Location in Liberia
Location in Liberia
Coordinates: 6°45′N 8°45′W / 6.750°N 8.750°W / 6.750; -8.750Coordinates: 6°45′N 8°45′W / 6.750°N 8.750°W / 6.750; -8.750
Country  Liberia
Capital Sanniquellie
Largest city (Ganta)
Districts 17
Established 1964
Government
 • Superintendent D Dorr Cooper
Area
 • Total 11,551 km2 (4,460 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 462,026
 • Density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Nimba County is a county in the northeastern Liberia and shares borders with the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire in the East and the Republic of Guinea in the Northeast. One of 15 counties that comprise the first-level of administrative division in the nation, the county has six statutory districts. Sanniquellie serves as the capital with the area of the county measuring 11,551 square kilometres (4,460 sq mi), the largest in the nation.[1] Ganta is the most populous city in Nimba County. As of the 2008 Census, it had a population of 462,026, making it the second most populous county in Liberia.[1]

Named after Neinbaa Tohn Mountain, the tallest mountain in Liberia, Nimba is also bordered by Bong and Grand Bassa counties to the west, Rivercess County to the southwest, and Grand Gedeh County to the southeast. The northern and northeastern parts of Nimba borders the nation of Guinea, while the northeast lies along the border of Côte d'Ivoire.

Government

Nimba County is one of fifteen political subdivisions of Liberia. During William V.S. Tubman's administration (1944–1971), the region now called Nimba County was one of three of Liberia's Provinces - namely, Western Province, Eastern Province and Central Province. In the sixties, Tubman changed these provinces into counties. Central Province became what is known as Nimba County. Before the civil war of Liberia in (1989), it had a population of over 310,000 people. It is the second largest county in Liberia in terms of population. The current County Superintendent,D. Dorr Coopper, who is the chief administrative officer,[2] was appointed by President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in 2017.


National Legislatures

The County has two senators and nine members of representatives at the Legislative Branch of Government. The two senators currently serving the citizens of Nimba County are senior Senior Senator, Prince Yormie Johnson and junior Senator Mr. Thomas Semandahn Grupee.


Administrative Districts

There 17 Administrative Districts in Nimba County include (population):[1]

Electoral District

There 9 Electoral Districts in Nimba County following the 2008 National Census,:[1]

Iron ore

During the late 1950s iron ore was found in "the iron mountain" Mount Nimba. In a joint venture between the Liberian Government, US Bethlehem Steel and the Swedish mining company Gränges a huge project was set up, LAMCO (LIBERIAN American Co.). The project contributed to economic and social development in Liberia for 30 years. Corruption was minimal and political stability good. Liberia was amongst the most progressive countries in Africa during this period. History itself caught up with the past and ironically the usual tribal war mentality erupted in 1980 (see Liberia facts). Nimba county was devastated by the civil war that followed. The iron ore had been degrading in quality, and world prices plunged. The combination led to a dismantle of the LAMCO project. After the civil war (which lasted for more than a decade), Nimba is finally getting better. Arcelor-Mittal is committed to reopening the iron mine at Nimba Mountain, outside the former company town of Yekepa. Hospitals and Schools built and financed by LAMCO, are now being run by ArcelorMittal. The houses which were built by LAMCO have partly been rehabilitated by ArcelorMittal though most are overgrown by the rain-forest. Presently, BHP Billiton had engaged in an extraction agreement with the Government of Liberia to mine ore in Nimba. As such, they are active promotion of Education, scholarship and the most part human resource.

Demographics

The main ethnic groups in Nimba County are the Dan also known as Gio and the Mano. The Dan, commonly known as the Gio live closer to the Cote d'Ivoire border and are known as the Yacouba in Côte d'Ivoire. The Mano live closer to the Guinea border. There are also indigenous minority group, which are: Krahn and the Gbi and Doru ethnic group with a little Kpelle and Bassa settlements near the Bong County border and the Grand Bassa County border. These are the historical indigenous peoples of Nimba County who has settlement of towns, villages, hamlet etc.,Dan, Mano,Krahn, and the Gbi and Doru. However, as the movement of people is a fact, there are various ethnic groups from other parts of Liberia like the Mandingo people who are indigenous people of Lofa County, Guinea, and the Ivory Coast; the Lorma from Lofa, the Kpelle and in recent times people from all parts of West Africa live and reside in Nimba.

The ethnic Dan (Gio) owns and live in these areas: Gbehlay-Geh Statutory District, Zoe-Geh Statutory District, Tappita Statutory District; and the main towns are Karnplay City, Bahn City, Tappitta City, Baylehglay, Buutuo, Garplay, Toweh town, Graie,Gbloulay,etc.; the Man(Mano) ethnic groups owns and live in Sanniquellie Mah Statutory District, Saclepea Mah Statutory District,and the Yahwin-Mehnsonnoh Statutory District, with the main towns are, Sanniquellie City, Ganta City, Saclepea City, Flumpa, Zekepa, Kanwin, Yekepa and others. The ethnic Krahn lives along the Ivory Coast border called Kpeahbleee District and main towns are Zoudru,Behwoaloa, Yourpea Old Town, Yourpea New Town,etc. while the other ethnic ingenuous group the Gbi and Doru lives along the border with Grand Bassa and Rivercess and their main towns are: Glann Town, Camp One,Kidka's Town, Torkpor's Town.

Today in Nimba County there are peoples from all over Liberia and West Africa who now resides in Nimba and it has taken a cosmopolitan melting point in Liberia with Ganta becoming the second city in Liberia as its population soars and the business class expands.

Healthcare

Access to quality healthcare in Nimba is lacking for many residents. The hospital at Yekepa, built by LAMCO, is now being run by Arcelor-Mittal. In Sanniquellie, the County Referral Hospital is the George Way harley Hospital which sole sponsor or supported by the Ministry of Health, Nimba County]. The County Health Officer is Dr. Collins S. Bowah and the medical Director of the government county referral hospital is Dr. Lavela B. Kortimai, Jr. At Ganta, the Methodist Church runs a private hospital. E and J Hospital opened in 2016 in Ganta, Nimba County. At Saclepea, Governement of Liberia and Africare run Saclepea Comprehensive health center. There are 74 fuctional health facilities in Nimba County Health of which there are one regional referral: Jackson F. Doe Hospital, One County Referral- George Way Harley Hospital , Tuberculosis and Leprosy hsopital (Ganta Rehab), Accelaor Mittal Hospital, Ganta United Methodist Hospital,and E&J Hospital. the leading health partner is Africare -Liberia.

Access to care has increase with 6 hospital and now 74 health facilities.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "2008 Population and Housing Census" (PDF). Government of the Republic of Liberia. May 11, 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-08. 
  2. ^ "Nimba County Development Agenda" (PDF). Republic of Liberia. 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 

External links

  • Place name codes
  • http://www.liberianobserver.com/node/9038 - Nimba/Grand Gedeh peace initiative
  • http://www.necliberia.org/pg_img/NImba_Electoral_Districts__Updated_Details.pdf
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