Nikolai Brashman
Nikolai Brashman  

Nikolai Dmitrievich Brashman
 
Born 

June 14, 1796
Died  May 25, 1866 
(aged 69)
Nationality  Austrian 
Alma mater 
University of Vienna Vienna Polytechnic Institute 
Known for  Contributions to mechanics and analytical geometry 
Awards  Demidov Prize (1836) 
Scientific career  
Fields  Mathematics 
Institutions 
Kazan University St Petersburg University Imperial Moscow University 
Doctoral advisor  Joseph von Littrow 
Other academic advisors  Nikolai Lobachevsky 
Notable students 
Pafnuty Chebyshev August Davidov Osip Somov 
Nikolai Dmitrievich Brashman (Russian: Николáй Дми́триевич Брáшман; German: Nikolaus Braschmann; June 14, 1796 – 25 May [O.S. 13 May] 1866) was a Russian mathematician of JewishAustrian origin.^{[1]} He was a student of Joseph Johann Littrow, and the advisor of Pafnuty Chebyshev and August Davidov.^{[2]}
He was born in NeuRaußnitz (today Rousínov in Czech Republic, then in Austrian Empire) and studied at the University of Vienna and Vienna Polytechnic Institute. In 1824 he moved to St Petersburg and then accepted a position at the Kazan University. In 1834 he became a professor of applied mathematics at the Moscow University. There he is best remembered as a founder of the Moscow Mathematical Society and its journal Matematicheskii Sbornik.^{[3]}
For his mechanics textbook, in 1836 Brashman was awarded the Demidov Prize by the Russian Academy of Sciences. The academy elected him a corresponding member in 1855. He died in Moscow in 1866.
References
 ^ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Nikolai Brashman", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
 ^ Nikolai Brashman at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
 ^ Steffens, KarlGeorg (2007), The History of Approximation Theory: From Euler to Bernstein, Springer, p. 22, ISBN 9780817644758.
Bibliography
 Imperial Moscow University: 17551917: encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow: Russian political encyclopedia (ROSSPEN). A. Andreev, D. Tsygankov. 2010. pp. 94–95. ISBN 9785824314298.
 1796 births
 1866 deaths
 Russian Jews
 People from Rousínov
 19thcentury mathematicians
 Czech mathematicians
 19thcentury Russian mathematicians
 Corresponding Members of the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences
 Demidov Prize laureates
 University of Vienna alumni
 Vienna University of Technology alumni
 Professorships at the Imperial Moscow University