Nikolai Brashman
Nikolai Brashman | |
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Nikolai Dmitrievich Brashman
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Born |
Neu-Raußnitz, Austrian Empire |
June 14, 1796
Died |
May 25, 1866 Moscow, Russian Empire |
(aged 69)
Nationality | Austrian |
Alma mater |
University of Vienna Vienna Polytechnic Institute |
Known for | Contributions to mechanics and analytical geometry |
Awards | Demidov Prize (1836) |
Scientific career | |
Fields | Mathematics |
Institutions |
Kazan University St Petersburg University Imperial Moscow University |
Doctoral advisor | Joseph von Littrow |
Other academic advisors | Nikolai Lobachevsky |
Notable students |
Pafnuty Chebyshev Osip Somov |
Nikolai Dmitrievich Brashman (Russian: Николáй Дми́триевич Брáшман; German: Nikolaus Braschmann; June 14, 1796 – 25 May [O.S. 13 May] 1866) was a Russian mathematician of Jewish-Austrian origin.^{[1]} He was a student of Joseph Johann Littrow, and the advisor of Pafnuty Chebyshev and August Davidov.^{[2]}
He was born in Neu-Raußnitz (today Rousínov in Czech Republic, then in Austrian Empire) and studied at the University of Vienna and Vienna Polytechnic Institute. In 1824 he moved to St Petersburg and then accepted a position at the Kazan University. In 1834 he became a professor of applied mathematics at the Moscow University. There he is best remembered as a founder of the Moscow Mathematical Society and its journal Matematicheskii Sbornik.^{[3]}
For his mechanics textbook, in 1836 Brashman was awarded the Demidov Prize by the Russian Academy of Sciences. The academy elected him a corresponding member in 1855. He died in Moscow in 1866.
References
- ^ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Nikolai Brashman", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- ^ Nikolai Brashman at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- ^ Steffens, Karl-Georg (2007), The History of Approximation Theory: From Euler to Bernstein, Springer, p. 22, ISBN 9780817644758.
Bibliography
- Imperial Moscow University: 1755-1917: encyclopedic dictionary. Мoscow: Russian political encyclopedia (ROSSPEN). A. Andreev, D. Tsygankov. 2010. pp. 94—95. ISBN 978-5-8243-1429-8.
- 1796 births
- 1866 deaths
- Russian Jews
- People from Rousínov
- 19th-century mathematicians
- Czech mathematicians
- 19th-century Russian mathematicians
- Corresponding Members of the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences
- Demidov Prize laureates
- University of Vienna alumni
- Vienna University of Technology alumni
- Professorships at the Imperial Moscow University