Nico Pelamonia

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Nico Pelamonia
Born (1940-03-16) 16 March 1940 (age 77)
Ambon, Maluku, Dutch East Indies
Nationality Indonesian
Awards Citra Award for Best Director

Nico Pelamonia (born 16 March 1940) is an Indonesian actor turned film director who won the Citra Award for Best Director in 1976 for his film Semalam di Malaysia. He has been involved in 33 feature film productions since his debut in Fred Young's Dibalik Awan in 1963.

Biography

Pelamonia was born in Ambon, Maluku, on 16 March 1940. His parents intended for him to become a priest, and after senior high school he sent to Java to prepare for it.[1] In 1962, however, Pelamonia enrolled at the Indonesian National Theater Academy (Akademi Teater Nasional Indonesia, or ATNI). He had his first film role, a bit part in Fred Young's Dibalik Awan (Behind the Clouds), the following year.[2] During his school years he acted in two films, D. Djajakusuma's Masa Topan dan Badai (Time of Storms and Gales; 1963) and Pitrajaya Burnama's Karma (1965).[3] He was also involved in television, becoming a presenter for the newly established TVRI.[4]

In 1965 Pelamonia dropped out of ATNI[4] and signed with Pertisa Film, later known as Tuti Mutia Film Production.[2] Pelamonia's first film for the company, Fadjar Ditengah Kabut (Dawn Amidst the Fog), saw him act and serve as assistant director to Danu Umbara. The following year Pelamonia made his directorial debut with Sendja di Jakarta (Twilight in Jakarta), an adaptation of the novel of the same name by Mochtar Lubis. Two years later he departed for West Germany, where he studied filmmaking.[2]

Upon his return to Indonesia in 1970,[2] Pelamonia resumed acting. He took a role in Hasmanan's Samiun dan Dasima (Samiun and Dasima) in 1970. The following year he directed his first film since returning from West Germany, Jang Djatuh Dikaki Lelaki (Those Who Fall at the Feet of Men) from the novel by Abdullah Harahap.[2][5] He directed a further four films for Tuti Mutia, acting in several of them. This culminated with Semalam di Malaysia (One Night in Malaysia) in 1975. After the film garnered him a Citra Award for Best Director at the 1976 Indonesian Film Festival, Pelamonia left Tuti Mutia and began working as a freelancer.[2]

Between 1976 and 1988 Pelamonia directed another 13 films, mostly romances. His 1981 adaptation of Marga T's Dr. Karmila garnered him another Citra Award nomination,[6] although he lost to Arifin C. Noer of Serangan Fajar (Attack at Dawn).[7] Pelamonia has also acted in a further ten films, including Nagabonar in 1986; the film was submitted for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, although it was not nominated.[8] During the 1980s he was active as a member of the Indonesian Film Festival selection committee and Chairman of Film and Television Employees Association.[1]

Filmography

As actor

As crew

References

Works cited

  • "Dr. Karmila". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 29 March 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  • "Filmografi Nico Pelamonia" [Filmography for Nico Pelamonia]. Filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  • "Jang Djatuh Dikaki Lelaki". Filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  • "Nico Pelamonia". Filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  • "Nico Pelamonia". Encyclopedia of Jakarta (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Jakarta City Government. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  • "Nico Pelamonia" (in Indonesian). Taman Ismail Marzuki. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  • "Penghargaan Serangan Fajar" [Awards for Serangan Fajar]. filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfidan Foundation. Archived from the original on 31 December 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  • Widjaya, Yan (22 November 2007). "Upaya Indonesia Mencari Peluang" [Indonesia's Looking for a Chance]. Suara Pembaruan (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 12 March 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2011. 

External links

  • Nico Pelamonia on IMDb
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