Niabali

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The Niabali, otherwise written Nyiyaparli, are an indigenous Australia tribe of the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

Language

Their language is called Nyiyaparli. It was customary to classify it as one of the Ngayarda languages until Alan Dench reassigned it to the Wati languages in a 1991 study.[1]

Country

The Niabali's range of territory extended over some 5,700 square miles (15,000 km2) from the. headwaters of the Oakover and Davis rivers, just north of their junction. They took in the middle sector of the Fortescue River. To the northwest, they reach as far as Roy Hill on Weeli Wolli Creek, north of the Ophthalmia Range. Eastwards their boundaries ran to Talawana.[2]

Social organization

The Niabali have traditionally had strong tribal bonds with the Bailgu, and one result of the disaggregation and dispersion of the old territorial-tribal orders is that the two distinct groups began to intermarry, forming a more mixed set of communities.[2]

History

Towards the end of the 19th. century - Norman Tindale speaks of the early 1890s - the Kartudjara's expansion forced the Niabali to withdraw from north of Savoiry Creek to the confine at the headwaters of Jigalong Creek.[2]

Alternative names

  • Njiabali.
  • Njijabali.
  • Nyiyaparli.
  • Iabali.
  • Janari. (inlanders/newcomers, an exonym used by tribes to their west)
  • Jana.[2]

Notes

Citations

  1. ^ Sharp & Thieberger 1992, p. 5.
  2. ^ a b c d Tindale 1974, p. 252.

Sources

  • "AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia". AIATSIS.
  • "Tindale Tribal Boundaries" (PDF). Department of Aboriginal Affairs, Western Australia. September 2016.
  • Sharp, Janet; Thieberger, Nicholas (1992). Bilybara: The Aboriginal Languages of the Pilbara Region of Western Australia. Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. ISBN 978-0-646-10711-0.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Niabali (WA)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.
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