Ngolibardu

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The Ngolibardu, otherwise written, Ngulipartu,[1] were an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

Country

Norman Tindale[a] assigned the Ngolibardu a territorial domain of roughly 3,300 square miles (8,500 km2). They were on the Rudall River, whose waters at Kalamilji were a final refuge in times of extreme drought. From the Rudall their land ran north as far as the Paterson Range. Their eastern frontier lay at Mount Broadhurst Range and Rooney Creek, while their western boundary was marked by the Throssell Range.[3] These tribal lands were later taken over by the Kartudjara, moving up from the south, and the westward movement of the Nyangumarta to their north.[3] On their western flank were the Wanman, and to their east lay the Nyamal.

History

Traditions hold that the Ngolibardu's numbers were diminishing even before the period of contact with white colonialists. Apparently the tribe was struck by a devastating 'fever' sometime around the turn of the 19th-20th centuries which killed off large numbers of their community, to the point of virtual extinction.[3]

Alternative names

  • Tjilakurukuru. (regional name for their country).[3]

Notes

  1. ^ Tindale's estimates particularly for the peoples of the Western desert are not considered to be accurate.[2]

Citations

  1. ^ Tonkinson 1989, p. 106.
  2. ^ Tonkinson 1989, p. 101.
  3. ^ a b c d Tindale 1974, p. 252.

Sources

  • "AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia". AIATSIS.
  • "Tindale Tribal Boundaries" (PDF). Department of Aboriginal Affairs, Western Australia. September 2016.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Ngolibardu (WA)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.
  • Tonkinson, Robert (1989). "Local Organisation and Land Tenure in the Karlamilyi (Rudall River) Region" (PDF). In Western Desert Working Group. The significance of the Karlamilyi Region to the Martujarra people of the Western Desert. Perth: Department of Conservation and Land Management. pp. 99–259.
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