Ngaju people

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Ngaju people
Dayak Ngaju / Dayak Baiju
Dayak Ngaju Warrior by W.T. Gordon 1857.jpg
An illustration of a Dayak Ngaju warrior.
Total population
(400,000)
Regions with significant populations
 Indonesia:
Central Kalimantan 324,504 (2000)[1]
Languages
Ngaju language, Bakumpai language, Indonesian language
Religion
Christianity (Protestant Christian & Catholicism), Islam, Kaharingan
Related ethnic groups
Dayak people (Bakumpai people, Meratus Dayak)

Ngaju are indigenous people of Borneo from the Dayak group.[2] The Ngaju people first appeared as a newly recognized people group in census 2000 and were made up of 18.02% of Central Kalimantan population, which before this the Ngaju people were considered as part of the Dayak people in a 1930 census.[3] They speak Ngaju language.

Dayak Ngaju family clusters

Ngaju people of southern Borneo as depicted by the first explorer to Borneo, Carl Schwaner, 1854.

Based on river stream regions, the Ngaju people are divided into:-

  • Greater Batang Baiju - Greater Baiju River
  • Lesser Batang Baiju - Lesser Baiju River

Based on linguistic cluster, the Ngaju people are divided into:-

Culture

Traditional folk songs

  • Sinta Takalupe Lunuk[5]
  • Karungut, Kal-Teng Membangun[6]
  • Yang Mahakasih (religious song)[7]

Food

  • Bagamat, a giant bat meat gravy cooked with garlic and various vegetables.[8][9]
  • Karuang or Kalumpe by the Ma'anyan people, a pounded Cassava leaf salad mixed with eggplant, lemongrass, onion and garlic.[9]
  • Juhu Umbut Sawit, coconut sprout salad eaten with sambal and often served during thanksgiving or wedding ceremonies.[9]

Notable Dayak Ngaju people

  • King Maruhum, the fourth Muslim Banjar king.
  • Nyai Undang, Kutah Baguh queen of Tanjung Pematang Sawang kingdom.
  • Raden Labih, head of the Dayak Ngaju Sei Apui people.
  • Nicodemus Djaija Negara, a Dayak Ngaju head district of Pulau Petak.
  • Damang Batu, a Dayak Ngaju Tumbang Anoi Kahayan leader and chairman of Dayak Tumbang Anoi.
  • Damang Anggen, a Dayak Ngaju leader and head district of Mendawai Katingan.
  • Soera Djaja, a Dayak Ngaju head district from Kampung Rawi and a Central Kalimantan freedom fighter.
  • Damang Pijar, head of the Dayak people
  • Batur, a Dayak Bakumpai commander, Barito War veteran.
  • Wangkang, a Dayak Bakumpai commander, Barito War veteran.
  • Hausman Baboe, founder of Central Kalimantan, a prominent figure in the Central Kalimantan press and founder of the first daily Suara Dayak Indonesian newspaper.
  • Tjilik Riwut, a National Hero of Indonesia, founder of Central Kalimantan, a writer, a Central Kalimantan freedom fighter and former governor of Central Kalimantan.
  • Mahir Mahar, founder and business leader of Central Kalimantan.
  • Agustin Teras Narang, a Central Kalimantan governor and president of the National Dayak Customary Council.

References

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik - Sensus Penduduk Tahun 2000
  2. ^ Leo Suryadinata, Evi Nurvidya Arifin & Aris Ananta (2003). Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 981-230-212-3. 
  3. ^ Riwanto Tirtosudarmo (2007). Mencari Indonesia: Demografi-Politik Pasca-Soeharto. Yayasan Obor Indonesia. ISBN 979-799-083-4. 
  4. ^ M. J. Melalatoa (1995). Ensiklopedi Suku Bangsa Di Indonesia, Volume 1. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan RI. OCLC 37396203. 
  5. ^ "lagu dayak Erika sinta takalupe lunuk". Rocky wans. Retrieved 2015-08-05. 
  6. ^ "Karungut Kal-Teng Membangun (karungut modern)". tingang. Retrieved 2015-08-05. 
  7. ^ Pak Siswa 2 Ktsp-revisi (tuhan Mengasihi Semua Orang). BPK Gunung Mulia. 2007. ISBN 979-687-591-8. 
  8. ^ Iwan Prasetya (22 June 2013). "Nikmatnya Daging Paing, Kelelawar Raksasa Khas Kalteng". Liputan6. Retrieved 2016-11-05. 
  9. ^ a b c Febria Silaen (20 May 2016). "Sederet kuliner khas Kalimantan Tengah". Beritagar. Retrieved 2016-11-05. 

External links

  • Ngaju people
  • Soft Minded Men


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