Next Turkish parliamentary election

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Next Turkish parliamentary election

← 2018 On or before 18 June 2023

All 600 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
301 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls

  First party Second party Third party
  Naci Bostancı.png Kılıçdaroğlu (cropped).jpg Sezai Temelli Pervin Buldan.png
Leader Naci Bostancı* Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu Sezai Temelli
Pervin Buldan
Party AK Party CHP HDP
Alliance People's Alliance None None[a]
Leader since 7 July 2018 22 May 2010 11 February 2018
Leader's seat Ankara (III) İzmir (II) Vanİstanbul (III)
Last election 295 seats, 42.56% 146 seats, 22.65% 67 seats, 11.70%
Seats before 290 144 67

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Devlet Bahçeli VOA 2015 (cropped).jpg Meral Akşener İYİ Party 1 (cropped).jpg
Leader Devlet Bahçeli Meral Akşener
Party MHP İYİ
Alliance People's Alliance None
Leader since 6 July 1997 25 October 2017
Leader's seat Osmaniye None
Last election 49 seats, 11.10% 43 seats, 9.96%
Seats before 50 41

Elected Speaker

TBD

The next Turkish parliamentary election is scheduled to occur on or before 18 June 2023, alongside a presidential election on the same day. Voters from 87 electoral districts will elect 600 Members of Parliament to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey for a five year term, forming the country's 28th Parliament.

Electoral system

The 600 members of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey will be elected by party-list proportional representation in 87 electoral districts, by the D'Hondt method. For the purpose of legislative elections, 77 of Turkey's 81 provinces serves as a single district. Due to their large populations, the provinces of Bursa and İzmir are divided into two districts, while the provinces of Ankara and İstanbul are each divided into three.

Since the introduction of Turkey's Constitution of 1982, political parties are required to pass an electoral threshold of 10% of the nationwide popular vote in order to obtain seats in parliament, with all those falling below the threshold disregarded for seat distribution purposes. Furthermore, parties must be officially organised in at least half of provinces (41 or more) and in at least a third of districts in those provinces, and must nominate two candidates in 41 or more provinces, in order to be entitled to seats.

Election threshold

Parties are subject to a 10% election threshold, which does not apply for Independent candidates. Parties can opt to contest the election in an alliance with other parties, removing the 10% requirement as long as the alliance as a whole wins more than 10% of the vote in total.

The 2018 new electoral alliances law allowed parties to form alliances and submit them to the YSK, meaning that they would be grouped together under their alliance name on the ballot paper. In addition, voters would be given the option to vote for the alliance as a whole if they did not prefer a specific party. Votes cast for alliances rather than parties would then be distributed to each member party of the alliance at electoral district-level depending on their vote shares. For example, if Party A and Party B were in an alliance and received 60 and 40 votes in an electoral district respectively, then 60% of votes cast for the alliance as a whole would be given to Party A while 40% would be given to Party B. Thus, if 10 votes were cast for the alliance, Party A would have a total of 66 (60+6) votes and Party B would have 44 (40+4) votes.

Electoral districts

District MPs
Adana 15
Adıyaman 5
Afyonkarahisar 6
Ağrı 4
Aksaray 4
Amasya 3
Ankara 36
Ankara (I) 13
Ankara (II) 11
Ankara (III) 12
Antalya 16
Ardahan 2
Artvin 2
Aydın 8
 
District MPs
Balıkesir 9
Bartın 2
Batman 5
Bayburt 1
Bilecik 2
Bingöl 3
Bitlis 3
Bolu 3
Burdur 3
Bursa 20
Bursa (I) 10
Bursa (II) 10
Çanakkale 4
Çankırı 2
 
District MPs
Çorum 4
Denizli 8
Diyarbakır 12
Düzce 3
Edirne 4
Elazığ 5
Erzincan 2
Erzurum 6
Eskişehir 7
Gaziantep 14
Giresun 4
Gümüşhane 2
Hakkâri 3
Hatay 11
 
District MPs
Iğdır 2
Isparta 4
İstanbul 98
İstanbul (I) 35
İstanbul (II) 28
İstanbul (III) 35
İzmir 28
İzmir (I) 14
İzmir (II) 14
Kahramanmaraş 8
Kars 3
Kastamonu 3
Karabük 3
 
District MPs
Karaman 3
Kayseri 10
Kilis 2
Kırklareli 3
Kırıkkale 3
Kırşehir 2
Kocaeli 13
Konya 15
Kütahya 5
Malatya 6
Manisa 10
Mardin 6
Mersin 13
 
District MPs
Muğla 7
Muş 4
Nevşehir 3
Niğde 3
Ordu 6
Osmaniye 4
Rize 3
Sakarya 7
Samsun 9
Siirt 3
Sinop 2
Sivas 5
Şanlıurfa 14
 
District MPs
Şırnak 4
Tekirdağ 7
Tokat 5
Trabzon 6
Tunceli 2
Uşak 3
Van 8
Yalova 3
Yozgat 4
Zonguldak 5
Total 600

Opinion polls

Turkish polls 2023.png

References

  1. ^ Supported by the left-wing political parties and groups of the HDK
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