Next Austrian legislative election

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Next Austrian legislative election
Austria
← 2017 On or before 6 November 2022

All 183 seats in the National Council
92 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
  Sebastian Kurz crop.jpg Kern Portrait (cropped).jpg 2017 ORF-Elefantenrunde (37410230120) (cropped).jpg
Leader Sebastian Kurz Christian Kern Heinz-Christian Strache
Party ÖVP SPÖ FPÖ
Leader since 15 May 2017 25 June 2016 23 April 2005
Leader's seat Federal election list Federal election list 9D – Wien Süd
Last election 62 seats, 31.5% 52 seats, 26.9% 51 seats, 26.0%

  Mlinar, Strolz and Meinl-Reisinger at the NEOS FEST Vienna 2013-05 (cropped).jpg Vienna 2013-07-31 Stadtpark 392 Peter Pilz (cropped).jpg
Leader Matthias Strolz Peter Pilz
Party NEOS PILZ
Leader since 27 October 2012 26 July 2017
Leader's seat Federal election list 6 – Steiermark[a]
Last election 10 seats, 5.3% 8 seats, 4.4%

Incumbent Chancellor

Sebastian Kurz
ÖVP



The next Austrian legislative election will be held no later than 6 November 2022, and will elect the 27th National Council.

Background

Previous election

The 2017 legislative election was called four years into a grand coalition between the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) and Austrian People's Party (ÖVP), prompted by the demand of newly elected ÖVP leader Sebastian Kurz for a snap election.[1] Though the SPÖ won 52 seats, as it did in the 2013 election, the ÖVP and FPÖ made large gains, increasing by 15 seats to 62 and 11 seats to 51, respectively, making the prior the largest party at the federal level. NEOS gained a single seat, the Peter Pilz List entered the National Council with 8 seats, and the Greens fell short of the 4% threshold and lost all 24 seats.[2] Following the election, President Alexander Van der Bellen asked Kurz to form the next government, and the ÖVP initiated exploratory talks with the other parties in the National Council.[3] The ÖVP officially started coalition negotiations with the FPÖ on 25 October, agreeing on a five-point roadmap.[4] Negotiations drew towards a close in late November,[5] and the parties announced a coalition agreement on 15 December,[6] with the coalition government led by Kurz sworn in on 18 December.[7]

On 4 November 2017, Peter Pilz announced that he would not take his seat after accusations of sexual harassment.[8]

Electoral system

The 183 members of the National Council are elected by open list proportional representation at the level of one federal constituency consisting of all of Austria, 9 state constituencies, and 39 regional constituencies. The number of seats elected by each constituency is determined in accordance with the results of the most recent census. Seats are allocated in a three-stage process, from regional constituencies to state constituencies to the federal constituency. For parties to receive seats in the National Council, they must either win a mandate in at least one constituency or clear a 4 percent national electoral threshold.[9] Seats are distributed according to the Hare method in the first two stages, at the level of regional and state constituencies,[10] with the remaining constituencies allocated using the D'Hondt method at the federal level to ensure proportionality with the election result.[11]

In addition to voting for a national party list, voters have the option of casting three preferential votes capable of changing the order of precedence for candidates on a party list: one each at the federal, state, and regional level. The threshold to increase the position of a candidate on a federal party list is 7 percent, compared to 10 percent at the state level and 14 percent at the regional level. Preferential votes for candidates on regional party lists may be indicated by marking the given spot on the ballot, whereas the name or ranking number must be provided for preferential votes for party list candidates on the state and federal level.[12]

Date

Per Article 26 and 27 of the Federal Constitutional Law, the National Council must be convened by the President no later than 30 days after the most recent election. The standard duration of the legislative period of the National Council is five years, by the end of which it must be renewed through an election on a Sunday or a public holiday.[13][14] Because the inaugural meeting of the 26th National Council will take place on 9 November 2017, as determined by President Alexander Van der Bellen, the latest date on which the next legislative election can be held is 6 November 2022.[15]

Parties

The table below lists parties represented in the 26th National Council.

Name Ideology Leader 2017 result
Votes (%) Seats
ÖVP Austrian People's Party
Österreichische Volkspartei
Christian democracy Sebastian Kurz 31.5%
62 / 183
SPÖ Social Democratic Party of Austria
Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs
Social democracy Christian Kern 26.9%
52 / 183
FPÖ Freedom Party of Austria
Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs
Right-wing populism Heinz-Christian Strache 26.0%
51 / 183
NEOS NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum
NEOS – Das Neue Österreich und Liberales Forum
Liberalism Matthias Strolz 5.3%
10 / 183
PILZ Peter Pilz List
Liste Peter Pilz
Left-wing populism Peter Pilz 4.4%
8 / 183

Opinion polling

Austrian Opinion Polling, 30 Day Moving Average, 2017-2022.png

Polling firm Fieldwork date Sample
size
ÖVP SPÖ FPÖ NEOS PILZ Grüne GILT Others Lead
Research Affairs 15–21 Feb 2018 1,010 31 26 24 7 3 5 4 5
Peter Hajek 12–20 Feb 2018 726 34 25 25 7 2 5 2 9
Unique Research 11–16 Feb 2018 500 33 26 26 7 2 5 1 7
Research Affairs 1–8 Feb 2018 1,001 31 26 25 6 3 5 4 5
Research Affairs 18–24 Jan 2018 997 31 27 26 6 3 4 3 4
Unique Research 15–19 Jan 2018 500 34 27 25 6 3 4 1 7
Research Affairs 4–10 Jan 2018 1,020 31 27 27 6 2 4 3 4
Peter Hajek 18–21 Dec 2017 700 31 28 26 6 2 5 2 3
Market 18–20 Dec 2017 800 33 27 26 6 2 4 2 6
Research Affairs 18–20 Dec 2017 600 32 26 28 6 2 3 3 4
Unique Research 11–15 Dec 2017 500 31 27 26 8 3 3 2 4
Market 1–6 Dec 2017 814 32 26 26 6 3 5 2 6
Research Affairs 4–6 Dec 2017 600 32 27 28 5 2 3 3 4
Research Affairs 21–23 Nov 2017 600 32 27 27 4 2 4 4 5
Unique Research 13–17 Nov 2017 500 32 28 24 6 2 6 2 4
Research Affairs 7–9 Nov 2017 600 33 27 27 4 2 5 2 6
Market 6–9 Nov 2017 1,030 31 28 26 5 4 4 2 3
Research Affairs 18–20 Oct 2017 600 33 28 27 4 4 3 1 5
Christina Matzka 16–17 Oct 2017 500 29.9 26.9 25.9 5.9 5.0 4.8 1.2 0.4 3.0
2017 legislative election 15 Oct 2017 31.5 26.9 26.0 5.3 4.4 3.8 1.0 1.2 4.6

Preferred Chancellor

Polling firm Fieldwork date Sample
size
Kurz
ÖVP
Kern
SPÖ
Strache
FPÖ
Strolz
NEOS
Other/
None
Research Affairs 15–21 Feb 2018 1,010 35 27 21 17
Peter Hajek 12–20 Feb 2018 726 38 22 14 26
Unique Research 11–16 Feb 2018 500 43 21 14 ? ?
Research Affairs 1–8 Feb 2018 1,001 34 27 22 17
Research Affairs 18–24 Jan 2018 997 33 28 23 16
Unique Research 15–19 Jan 2018 500 37 26 14 ? ?
Research Affairs 4–10 Jan 2018 1,020 32 26 24 18
Peter Hajek 18–21 Dec 2017 700 33 25 15 4 23
Market 18–20 Dec 2017 800 39 29 ? ?
Unique Research 11–15 Dec 2017 500 32 26 14 4 24
Market 1–6 Dec 2017 814 34 34 ? ?
Research Affairs 21–23 Nov 2017 600 33 26 25 16
Unique Research 13–17 Nov 2017 500 34 31 15 4 16
Research Affairs 7–9 Nov 2017 600 34 27 25 14
Market 6–9 Nov 2017 1,030 42 32 14 12
Research Affairs 18–20 Oct 2017 600 39 28 17 16
Christina Matzka 16–17 Oct 2017 500 32 30 16 22

Preferred coalition

Polling firm Fieldwork date Sample
size
ÖVPFPÖ ÖVPSPÖ SPÖFPÖ ÖVP Other Don't know/
no answer
Research Affairs 18–20 Oct 2017 600 34 15 21 13 17
Unique Research 16–20 Oct 2017 500 35 17 12 5 10 20
Christina Matzka 16–17 Oct 2017 500 45 20 13 2 20

Notes

  1. ^ Pilz was elected to this constituency but resigned his seat; Martha Bißmann will replace him in the National Council.

References

  1. ^ "Die Ausgangslage der Parteien vor den Neuwahlen". Der Standard. 16 May 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  2. ^ "Österreich - Nationalratswahl 2017". Bundesministerium für Inneres. 19 October 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  3. ^ "Van der Bellen will Ministerliste von Kurz "sehr genau prüfen"". Der Standard. Austria Presse Agentur. 20 October 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  4. ^ "ÖVP und FPÖ planen "umfassende budgetäre Bestandsaufnahme"". Die Presse. Austria Presse Agentur. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  5. ^ Thomas Prior (27 November 2017). "Schwarz-Blau im Endspurt". Die Presse. Retrieved 27 November 2017. 
  6. ^ "ÖVP und FPÖ fixieren Koalitionspakt". Der Standard. Austria Presse Agentur. 15 December 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2017. 
  7. ^ "Liveticker: Neue ÖVP-FPÖ-Regierung angelobt, Tausende bei Protesten in Wien". Der Standard. 18 December 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2018. 
  8. ^ Peter Temel (4 November 2017). "Vorwurf der sexuellen Belästigung: Peter Pilz tritt zurück". Kurier. Retrieved 4 November 2017. 
  9. ^ "Wahlen zum Nationalrat". Österreichisches Parlament. 12 September 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  10. ^ "Wahlen". Bundesministerium für Inneres. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  11. ^ "Das Verhältniswahlrecht und das Ermittlungsverfahren bei der Nationalratswahl". Österreichisches Parlament. 21 October 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  12. ^ "Vorzugsstimmenvergabe bei einer Nationalratswahl". HELP.gv.at. 1 January 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  13. ^ "Bundesrecht konsolidiert: Bundes-Verfassungsgesetz Art. 26, tagesaktuelle Fassung". Rechtsinformationssystem. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  14. ^ "Bundesrecht konsolidiert: Bundes-Verfassungsgesetz Art. 27, tagesaktuelle Fassung". Rechtsinformationssystem. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  15. ^ "Zusammensetzung des neuen Nationalrats nun fix". Österreichisches Parlament. 20 October 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 

External links

  • Comprehensive results of the 2017 legislative election (in German)
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