New York City Department of Sanitation

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Department of Sanitation
DSNY logo 2016.jpg
Department of Sanitation logo
New York City Department of Sanitation flag.png
Flag of the DSNY
Department overview
Jurisdiction New York City
Headquarters 125 Worth Street
New York, NY
Motto New York's Strongest
Employees 7,200 uniformed sanitation workers and supervisors
2,041 civilian employees
Department executive
  • Kathryn Garcia, Commissioner of Sanitation
Key document
Website www.nyc.gov/sanitation

The New York City Department of Sanitation (DSNY) is the department of the government of New York City[1] responsible for garbage collection, recycling collection, street cleaning, and snow removal.

Organization

The New York City Department of Sanitation is the largest sanitation department in the world, with 7,201 uniformed sanitation workers and supervisors, 2,041 civilian workers, 2,230 general collection trucks, 275 specialized collection trucks, 450 street sweepers, 365 salt and sand spreaders, 298 front end loaders, and 2,360 support vehicles. It handles over 12,000 tons of residential and institutional refuse and recyclables a day.[2] It has a uniformed force of unionized sanitation workers (Local 831 USA of the Teamsters). Its regulations are compiled in Title 16 of the New York City Rules.

Rank Structure

There are nine uniformed titles in the New York City Department of Sanitation.

From highest to lowest, the uniformed titles are described by Civil Service Title, Rank and Departmental colloquialism;

Title Insignia
General Superintendent Level V (Director)
4 Gold Stars.svg
General Superintendent Level IV (Chief)
3 Gold Stars.svg
General Superintendent Level III (Assistant Chief)
2 Gold Stars.svg
General Superintendent Level II (Deputy Chief)
1 Gold Star.svg
General Superintendent Level I (Superintendent)
US-O4 insignia.svg
Supervisor (Foreman)
Captain insignia gold.svg
Sanitation Worker

Law Enforcement

The New York City Department of Sanitation has its own Law Enforcement force that is currently composed of four specialized units:

  • The Uniformed New York City Department of Sanitation Police force
  • The Illegal Dumping Task Force
  • The Permit and Inspection Unit
  • The Environmental Enforcement Unit

Officers designated by the Sanitation Police as peace officers, as provided for in New York State Criminal Procedure Law Section 2.10, subsection 59, are granted limited powers of arrests.

Bureaus and Units

BCC: Bureau of Cleaning and Collection

The Bureau of Cleaning and Collection is responsible for collecting recycling and garbage, cleaning streets and vacant lots, and clearing streets of snow and ice. BCC assigns personnel and equipment to standard routes while managing the weekly allocation of personnel to address litter and illegal dumping.

The Cleaning Office oversees the removal of litter and debris from city streets, collects material for recycling and garbage from public litter bins and coordinates with Derelict Vehicle Operations to remove abandoned vehicles. The Lot Cleaning Unit cleans vacant lots and the areas around them, and around city-owned buildings in order to meet the city's Health Code standards.

The Collection Office oversees regularly scheduled recycling and garbage collection services to the city's residential households, public schools, public buildings, and many large institutions

SWM: Solid Waste Management

The Solid Waste Management Bureau is responsible for the disposal of all municipal solid waste and recyclables managed by DSNY, and for long-term waste export programs. The bureau consists of Solid Waste Management Engineering, the Export Contract Management Unit, marine and land-based transfer stations, and the Fresh Kills landfill and long-term export programs.

The Export Contract Management Unit handles DSNY contracts with private vendors who operate municipal solid waste disposal facilities, including transfer stations and waste-to-energy plants. DSNY also has city-owned and operated transfer stations.

Solid Waste Management Engineering is principally responsible for the design, construction, closure and post-closure care, and end-use development of the 2,200-acre Fresh Kills landfill. It also develops and implements long-term waste export programs and the city's Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Plan for 2006–2025 and the Solid Waste Management Plan Final Environmental Impact Statement.

BIT: Bureau of Information Technology

The Bureau of Information Technology manages all aspects of computing and technology for DSNY, including networks, databases, software, devices, and technical support.

The bureau designed the Sanitation Management Analysis and Resource Tracking (SMART) system, a web-based mobile system that provides DSNY field forces with digital operations, scheduling, and reporting technology, and gives DSNY management instant access to real-time operational information. It is integrated with citywide systems such as GIS mapping services, fleet management, building management, human resources, and purchasing and financial applications.

BOO: Bureau Operations Office

The Bureau Operations Office is DSNY's primary communications center, handling interagency and intra-agency communications. To ensure efficient communications, the radio room maintains and monitors citywide radio communications, equipment repair, upgrades, maintenance, and inventory.

The Bureau oversees all DSNY facilities, administers the expense budget, and controls fuel and lubricant inventories, as well as tools and supplies for citywide use. It also plans and directs citywide snow operations, including staffing plans, maintaining the fleet of snow fighting equipment, and maintaining an inventory of salt and calcium chloride to cover the needs of the snow season.

The Bureau's Equipment and Facilities Unit works closely with Support Services to make sure that DSNY facilities receive constant monitoring, repairs, renovation, and emergency intervention. The Bureau works closely with the Real Estate Division to properly plan for new facilities from an operational standpoint.

OMD: Operations Management Division

The Operations Management Division provides statistical review and analysis for evaluating DSNY's managerial and operational performance, including, most recently, a comprehensive review and sweeping redevelopment of the methodology used for citywide snow clearing operations. The division provides performance results to executive staff, field managers, and the public, to provide insight into organizational performance and help evaluate future initiatives. OMD also develops all departmental forms and provides reprographic services for the agency.

DSNY's Enterprise Geospatial Program Management Office, established in 2014, adds additional rigor to Operations Management functions by enabling and promoting purposeful geospatial data consumption and analysis throughout the agency, as well as the innovative technologies that make them possible. Its core objectives are to:

  • Develop and maintain centralized and authoritative geospatial data stores and guarantee their integrity, accuracy and security
  • Make geospatial data widely available and accessible across the agency via delivery through a combination of cutting-edge web applications and database technologies
  • Provide leadership to align geospatial strategic planning, data standards and policies, tactical implementation and operational capability in accordance with DSNY's performance goals

PMD: Personnel Management Division

The Personnel Management Division coordinates with Human Resources on employee-related personal actions, such as the hiring process of new sanitation workers, promotions, demotions, employee evaluations, disciplinary matters, separation of service, and employee hardships. It also monitors the electronic disciplinary system for accuracy, and acts as the liaison between the Department Advocate and the field operations of the Bureau of Cleaning and Collection and the Solid Waste Management Unit. The division allocates general superintendents, supervisors, civilians, and sanitation workers assigned to medical-duty to support daily Cleaning and Collection field operations.

DST: Division of Safety and Training

The Division of Safety and Training is responsible for all administrative and operational training to ensure that DSNY employees have the knowledge and skills to perform their jobs safely and effectively in a hazard-free work place. Italso has the jurisdiction to enforce federal, state, city, and departmental laws, rules, and regulations pertaining to safe motor vehicle operation and work procedures, building maintenance, and driver's license requirements.

Responsibilities include developing and maintaining programs and training, investigating serious line-of-duty injuries and vehicular accidents, conducting orientation programs for new and recently promoted uniformed employees, and facilitating department-wide walk-throughs for workplace violence surveys and facility E-waste, standpipe, and sprinkler inspections.

BME: Bureau of Motor Equipment

The Bureau of Motor Equipment provides a full range of fleet-related functions, such as design, research and development, procurement, maintenance, repair, and ultimately disposal of DSNY vehicles. All of these functions are performed through four main operating divisions — BME Field Operations, Materiel Management, and Vehicle Acquisition and Warranty Division, and Central Repair Shop Operations.

BBM: Bureau of Building Maintenance

The Bureau of Building Maintenance has responsibility for maintaining garages, transfer stations, repair shops, and office buildings throughout the five boroughs. The bureau employs carpenters, plumbers, electricians and other skilled trades who provide routine maintenance, facility rehabilitation, and emergency repairs. Together with Legal Affairs and Engineering, the Bureau of Building Maintenance ensures that DSNY facilities are in compliance with all federal, state, and local oversight regulations. The Bureau also works with the Department of Citywide Administrative Services to secure funding for energy reduction programs and to achieve carbon dioxide emission goals.

Enforcement Division

The Enforcement Division monitors compliance with administrative, recycling, and health laws governing the maintenance of clean streets, illegal posting and dumping, theft of recyclables, and proper storage and disposal of recycling and garbage by residents and businesses.

Sanitation Law Enforcement Officers are DSNY workers or supervisors who are trained, armed peace officers. Sanitation Enforcement Agents are unarmed civilians who undergo a comprehensive classroom and field-training program.

The Enforcement Division's Canine Unit patrols throughout the city and issue notices of violation for quality-of-life violations, such as unleashed dogs, littering, and failure to remove canine waste and noxious liquids.

Environmental Enforcement and the Permit Inspection Unit

The primary responsibility of the Permit Inspection Unit is the enforcement of Local Law 40, governing the permit and inspection processes of solid waste transfer stations and fill material operations within the city. Environmental police officers conduct regular inspections to ensure compliance with the rules and regulations relating to these activities.

The Permit Inspection Unit issues permits and conducts regular inspections of putrescible and non-putrescible transfer stations, fill material transfer stations, and fill material operations that involve the grading, leveling, or improvement of property. It also plays a main role in identifying and closing illegal transfer stations and dump sites, and works closely with DSNY Legal Affairs and various city, state, and federal agencies.

The Environmental Enforcement Unit enforces Local Laws 70 and 75, governing the storage, transportation, and disposal of asbestos and regulated medical waste. Environmental police officers respond to incidents involving the improper disposal of chemicals, household hazardous waste, low-level radioactive waste, and medical waste. The unit also conducts inspections of hospitals and nursing homes to ensure proper disposal of regulated medical waste, and inspects medical practices operating in multi-dwelling buildings to ensure compliance with Local Law 41.

Legal Affairs

The Bureau of Legal Affairs is DSNY's in- – house legal department which has various divisions, including Contracts, Environmental Affairs, Intergovernmental, the Advocate's Office and the Agency Chief Contracting Office. These divisions provide legal counsel, advice, and assistance to the other bureaus in connection with procuring and managing contracts, drafting and enforcing statutes and regulations, regulating solid waste transfer stations, and working with other government departments and agencies.

The Bureau serves as DSNY's liaison with the City Council and State Legislature, manages DSNY's City Environmental Quality Review processes, coordinates DSNY's responses to Freedom of Information Law requests for documents, and provides litigation support to the City's Law Department in connection with lawsuits involving DSNY. The Bureau provides legal counsel on employment and personnel matters, is DSNY's advisor on the legal aspects of environmental compliance efforts, and works closely with DSNY engineers to resolve controversies, allow construction projects to continue, and avoid disputes and litigation.

District Garages

Bronx

Brooklyn North

Brooklyn South

Manhattan

Queens East

Queens West

Staten Island

[3]

Motto

Like the rest of New York's uniformed forces, the rank and file have a collective nickname: "New York's Strongest," a term coined by Harry Nespoli, long-time President of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters Local 831, to describe the Department of Sanitation's football team in the late 1970s to early 1980s.[4] The section of Worth Street between Centre and Baxter Streets in Manhattan is named "Avenue of the Strongest" in their honor.

History

Prior to 1881, a Street Cleaning Bureau functioned under the New York City Police Department. However, streets were filthy, filled with mud, rubbish, ash, and horse urine and manure. On May 29, 1881, all the bureau's books and papers were transferred from the police headquarters in anticipation of the passage of a law creating a new administrative structure and the separate Department of Street Cleaning.[5] On May 30, the bill enacting the Department of Street Cleaning was signed by Governor of New York Alonzo B. Cornell. However, Henry H. Gorringe, who had been asked to serve as the inaugural commissioner by Mayor William R. Grace, had been hoping for a different bill and declined the position, stating that it was a "delusion and snare from beginning to end", and that he would have had to answer to "five different areas of city government - the Mayoralty, the Board of Estimate and Apportionment, the Board of Health, the Police Board, and the Department of Street Cleaning," with the latter having the least effective power.[6] Instead, several days later, James S. Coleman became the first commissioner, and held the position for 8 years.[7][8][9]

In 1894, Col. George E. Waring, Jr. became commissioner, and he was credited with substantially cleaning the streets, as well as pioneering recycling, street sweeping, and the establishment of a uniformed cleaning and collection force.[10] The department's name was changed to the Department of Sanitation in 1929.[11]

Commissioners

Number Name Dates in Office Administration Notes and References
As Chairman of a Three-man Commission of the Department of Street Cleaning
1 James S. Coleman June 16, 1881 – December 30, 1889 William R. Grace
Franklin Edson
William R. Grace
Abram Hewitt
Hugh J. Grant
[12][13][14]
vacant December 31, 1889 – January 17, 1890
2 Horace Loomis January 17, 1890 – April 3, 1890 Hugh J. Grant [15][16][17]
3 Hans S. Beattie April 3, 1890 – September 16, 1891 Hugh J. Grant [16][18][16][19]
William Dalton September 16, 1891 (acting) Hugh J. Grant [18]
4 Thomas Sebastian Brennan September 17, 1891 – July 21, 1893 Hugh J. Grant,
Thomas F. Gilroy
[19][20]
5 William S. Andrews July 21, 1893 – January 15, 1895 Thomas F. Gilroy
William L. Strong
[20][21]
6 George E. Waring, Jr. January 15, 1895 – December 31, 1897 William L. Strong [21][22]
7 James McCartney January 1, 1898 – February 7, 1900 Robert A. Van Wyck [22][23]
vacant February 7, 1900 – February 12, 1900
8 Percival E. Nagle February 12, 1900 – December 31, 1901 Robert A. Van Wyck [24][25]
9 John McGaw Woodbury January 1, 1902 – October 13, 1906 Seth Low,
George B. McClellan, Jr.
[25][26]
10 MacDonough Craven October 22, 1906 – July 9, 1907 George B. McClellan, Jr. [27][28]
11 Walter Bensel July 9, 1907 – November 21, 1907 George B. McClellan, Jr. [28][29]
12 Foster Crowell November 22, 1907 – January 1, 1909 George B. McClellan, Jr. [30][31]
13 William H. Edwards January 1, 1909 – December 31, 1913 George B. McClellan, Jr.
William Jay Gaynor
Ardolph L. Kline
[31][32]
14 John T. Fetherston January 1, 1914 – December 31, 1917 John Purroy Mitchel [33][34]
15 Arnold B. MacStay January 1, 1918 – January 30, 1918 (acting)
January 30, 1918 – January 2, 1921
John F. Hylan [34][35][36]
16 John P. Leo January 5, 1921 – November 18, 1921 John F. Hylan [35][37]
17 Alfred A. Taylor November 18, 1921 – November 25, 1921 (acting)
November 25, 1921 – November 30, 1929
John F. Hylan,
Jimmy Walker
[37][38][11]
As Chairman of a Three-man Commission of the Department of Sanitation
18 William J. Schroeder, Jr. with
Leonard C.L. Smith (beginning December 30, 1929) and
Charles S. Hand (beginning June 3, 1930[39]
November 30, 1929 – April 18, 1933 Jimmy Walker,
Joseph V. McKee,
John P. O'Brien
[11][40][41][41]
As a Single Commissioner
19 George McAneny April 19, 1933 – September 19, 1933 John P. O'Brien [42][43]
vacant September 19, 1933 – September 29, 1933
20 Ernest P. Goodrich September 29, 1933 – March 7, 1934 John P. O'Brien,
Fiorello H. La Guardia
[44][45]
21 Thomas W. Hammond March 7, 1934 – June 2, 1934 (acting)
June 2, 1934 – May 26, 1936
Fiorello H. La Guardia [46][47]
22 William F. Carey May 26, 1936 – December 31, 1945 Fiorello H. La Guardia [48][47][49]
23 William J. Powell January 1, 1946 – December 21, 1949 William O'Dwyer [50][51]
24 Andrew W. Mulrain December 21, 1949 – February 25, 1957 William O'Dwyer,
Vincent R. Impellitteri,
Robert F. Wagner
[52][53]
25 Paul R. Screvane February 25, 1957 – March 3, 1961 Robert F. Wagner [54][55]
26 Frank J. Lucia March 3, 1961 – December 31, 1965 Robert F. Wagner [56][57]
27 Joseph F. Periconi January 1, 1966 – November 23, 1966 John V. Lindsay [58][59]
28 Samuel J. Kearing, Jr. November 23, 1966 – November 17, 1967 John V. Lindsay [60][61][62][63]
James Lewis Marcus November 17, 1967 – December 12, 1966 (acting) John V. Lindsay [64]
Fioravente Gerald Gabriel Perrotta December 12, 1966 – December 26, 1967 (acting) John V. Lindsay [64][65]
Maurice Milton Feldman December 26, 1967 – June 4, 1968 (acting) John V. Lindsay [66]
James P. Marron named on January 28, 1968, unable to take office because of illness, died June 18, 1968[67][68]
29 Griswold Lamour Moeller June 4, 1968 – July 14, 1970 John V. Lindsay [69][70]
Jerome Kretchmer August 17, 1970 – April 26, 1971 (acting) John V. Lindsay [71]
30 Herbert Elish April 26, 1971 – April 30, 1974 John V. Lindsay
Abraham D. Beame
[72][73]
31 Robert T. Groh April 30, 1974 – October 3, 1975 Abraham D. Beame [73][74]
Martin Lang October 3, 1975 – January 5, 1976 (acting) Abraham D. Beame [74][75][76]
32 Anthony Thomas Vaccarello January 5, 1976 – November 5, 1978 Abraham D. Beame
Edward I. Koch
[75][76]
33 Norman Steisel November 5, 1978 – January 23, 1986 Edward I. Koch [77][78]
34 Brendan John Sexton January 24, 1986 – April 18, 1990 Edward I. Koch
David N. Dinkins
[79][80]
35 Steven M. Polan April 18, 1990 – February 1992 David N. Dinkins [80]
36 Emily S. Lloyd February 1992 – July 15, 1994 David N. Dinkins
Rudolph W. Giuliani
[81][82]
37 John J. Doherty August 11, 1994 – September 20, 1998 Rudolph W. Giuliani [83][84]
38 Kevin Farrell March 15, 1999 – July 9, 2001 Rudolph W. Giuliani [85]
John J. Doherty January 1, 2002 – March 28, 2014 (second term) Michael Bloomberg [86][87]
39 Kathryn Garcia April 1, 2014 – present Bill DeBlasio [87]

Strikes

  • 1968: Sanitation workers had been without a contract for six months when they rejected Mayor John Lindsay's proposal and went on strike on February 2. As the garbage on the streets of New York City accumulated to over 100,000 tons, negotiations between Lindsay and union leaders went poorly. Finally, on February 10, New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller stepped in, offering a $425 wage increase and future arbitration, which the workers agreed to and ended the strike.[88]
  • 1975: A wildcat strike took place in 1975 from July 2 to 4 in the midst of a budget crisis for New York City before workers returned to work under the provision that they would put up their own money to guarantee payroll if the city legislation could not get the tax increase necessary.[89]
  • 1981: Workers went on strike just after midnight on December 1 to demand a wage increase and remained out until December 17.[90]

See also

Gallery

References

  1. ^ New York City Charter Chapter 31, § 751; "There shall be a department of sanitation the head of which shall be the commissioner of sanitation."
  2. ^ About DSNY Archived 2007-05-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ DSNY District Map. Retrieved 2015-Feb-15.
  4. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1981/07/06/nyregion/salute-to-sanitationmen-aims-to-counter-morale-problem.html
  5. ^ "The Street-Cleaning Bureau Moved". New York Times. May 30, 1881. p. 5. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "The New Street-Cleaning Law - Lieut.-Commander Gorringe Declines to Serve as Commissioner". New York Times. May 31, 1881. p. 1. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  7. ^ "The New Commissioner - Mr. James S. Coleman Appointed to Clean the Streets". New York Times. June 5, 1881. p. 12. Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  8. ^ "Mr. Coleman Assumes Charge - He Promises to Give the City Clean Streets If Possible". New York Times. June 17, 1881. p. 8. Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "Coleman Gives Up Office - His Resignation Sent to the Mayor - But Before He Wrote His Letter Mayor Grant Had Asked The Board of Health to Remove Him". New York Times. December 31, 1889. p. 1. Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  10. ^ Trying to Clean Up New York, Gotham Gazette, August 16, 2004
  11. ^ a b c "Schroeder Heads Sanitation Board – Quits as Hospital Commissioner as He Is Sworn In by Walker for New City Post – Two Aides To Be Named – Street Cleaning Department's Work Will Be Taken Over by Body Created at Last Election". New York Times. December 1, 1929. p. 20. Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  12. ^ "The New Commissioner — Mr. James S. Coleman Appointed to Clean the Streets". New York Times. June 5, 1881. p. 12. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  13. ^ "Mr. Coleman Assumes Charge — He Promises to Give the City Clean Streets If Possible". New York Times. June 17, 1881. p. 8. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  14. ^ "Coleman Gives Up Office — His Resignation Sent to the Mayor — But Before He Wrote His Letter Mayor Grant Had Asked The Board of Health to Remove Him". New York Times. December 31, 1889. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  15. ^ "His Honor Heaves A Sigh — He Finds a Street Sweeper in Horace Loomis — A Democrat From Westchester County — His Record As An Engineer — His Plans for the Department". New York Times. January 18, 1890. p. 8. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  16. ^ a b c "Horace Loomis Resigns — Hans S. Beattie Will Look After the Streets — Worrying Over the Street Cleaning Problem Made Mr. Loomis Ill — Tammany and the Contracts". New York Times. April 4, 1890. p. 5. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  17. ^ "Hans Beattie in Command — His First Move Toward Cleaning the City's Streets". New York Times. April 4, 1890. p. 5. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  18. ^ a b "Mr. Beattie Wasn't There — A Wake in the Mayor's Office Without the Waked — Money Transferred by the Board of Estimate to the Carting Fund of the Street-Cleaning Department — Hans Will Fight". New York Times. September 17, 1891. p. 9. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  19. ^ a b "The Mayor Wastes No Time — "Big Tom" Brennan Appointed to Succeed Mr. Beattie — For Years The New Street-Cleaning Commissioner Was in the Charities And Correction Department — Hans's Parting Shot". New York Times. September 18, 1891. p. 8. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  20. ^ a b "Brennan Gives Up The Broom — W.S. Andrews Succeeds Him As Cleaner of Streets — Col. M.C. Murphy Appointed to the Place in the Excise Board from Which Mr. Andrews Resigned — Mr. Brennan Writes His Resignation After a Talk with Mayor Gilroy — Going to Take His Son, Who Is Ill, to Saratoga — Mr. Andrews Promises Clean Streets". New York Times. July 22, 1893. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  21. ^ a b "Col. Waring Begins Work — Charles K. Moore Made Deputy Street-Cleaning Commissioner — Proclamation by Mayor Strong — Provisions of the Law Concerning Refuse Called to the Attention of Citizens — Salaries Reduced". New York Times. January 16, 1895. p. 9. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  22. ^ a b "The New City Officials — As Announced by Mayor Van Wyck, the Slate Contains Some Surprises — Politicians Are Puzzled — Friends of Hugh J. Grant Seem to be Intentionally Ignored — The List as Given Out Yesterday". New York Times. January 2, 1898. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  23. ^ "James McCartney Dead — The Commissioner of Street Cleaning Passes Away at His Home After a Long Illness". New York Times. February 7, 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  24. ^ "Mr Nale on His Work — Col. Waring's Example, New Commissioner Intimates, Will Be His Model — Promises Devotion to Duty". New York Times. February 12, 1900. p. 10. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  25. ^ a b "Mr. Low Names Department Heads — Twelve Appointees Added to the New Administration — Mr. Lederle Health Commissioner — Dr. Woodbury Street Cleaning Commissioner — Cornelius Vanderbilt in Office". New York Times. December 17, 1901. p. 5. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  26. ^ "Woodbury Resigns, Saying He Had To — Declares the Mayor Injected Politics Into His Department — Fight on Murphy Continues — Tammany Men Say the Mayor and McCarren Are Forcing Out All the Murphy Supporters". New York Times. October 14, 1906. p. 5. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  27. ^ "Macdonough Craven Succeeds Woodbury — New Street Cleaning Head Was One of Waring's Men — Hasn't Been in Politics — He Is Instructed "to Shake Up the Department" and Keep Politics Out of It". New York Times. October 23, 1906. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  28. ^ a b "Ellison Out; Others Follow — Mayor's Action Looked On as Move Against Murphy and the Sullivans — Martin Joins His Camp — Bolting Tammany Leader Made City Chamberlain — Pendleton, Bensel, and Polk Fill Other Offices". New York Times. July 9, 1907. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  29. ^ "Dr. Bensel". New York Times. July 10, 1907. p. 6. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  30. ^ "Crowell in Charge of City's Streets — Mayor Names Engineer to Succeed Dr. Bensel, Whom He Praises Highly — Henry Smith for Parks — New Commissioner a Member of Tammany General Committee — Vacancies In School Board Filled". New York Times. November 21, 1907. p. 4. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  31. ^ a b "Edwards to Clean Streets — He Will Succeed Crowell as Commissioner on Jan. 1". New York Times. December 24, 1908. p. 8. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  32. ^ "Mayor Starts 1909 in War on Tammany — His New Street Commissioner, "Big Bill" Edwards, to Get Rid of Wigwam Men — Job for "Big Jim" Hogan — Ex-Football Captain to be Deputy Commissioner — J.J. Barry Corrections Head — No City Hall Reception". New York Times. January 2, 1909. p. 8. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  33. ^ "Mitchel Names His City Helpers — Henry Bruere City Chamberlain, Adamson Fire Commissioner, as Predicted — Several Men Hold Over — John T. Featherston, Recognized National Expert, To Clean Streets — Miss Davis Commissioner — Republicans Get Many Places, Progressives Two, Independent Democrats the Rest". New York Times. January 1, 1914. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  34. ^ a b "Mayor Names MacStay — New Street Cleaning Commissioner Was Formerly a Deputy". New York Times. January 31, 1916. p. 6. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  35. ^ a b "John P. Leo is Named to Clean the Streets — Headed Standards Board — Thomas F. Smith to Be Public Administrator". New York Times. January 6, 1921. p. 2. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  36. ^ "Resigns as D.S.C. Head — MacStay Then Appointed Deputy Commissioner of Public Works". New York Times. January 4, 1921. p. 27. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  37. ^ a b "Leo Quits Hylan; Attacks Inquiry — Street Commissioner Asks Prosecutor Either to Indict Him or His Accusers — Calls the Mayor Unfair — Says He Has Been Influenced by Dumping Contractors — Taylor Temporary Successor — Leo's Employes Celebrate — Politics Versus Efficiency Seen as Cause of Friction That Leads to Resignation". New York Times. November 19, 1921. p. 21. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  38. ^ "Street Cleaning Job Goes to Taylor — Mayor Appoints Superintendent Commissioner to Succeed Leo — Has Big Program in Mind — New Incumbent Says He Does Not Contemplate Any Changes Among His Deputies". New York Times. November 26, 1921. p. 9. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  39. ^ Annual Report – Department of Sanitation – City of New York – 1930. New York, N.Y.: M.B. Brown Printing & Binding Co. pp. 9, 14. 
  40. ^ "Schroeder Begins Work in New Post — Removal of Snow Is His First Big Job as Head of Sanitation Board — Cadley Running Hospitals — Is Named Temporary Successor by Retiring Chief, Whose New Pay Is Not Yet Fixed". New York Times. December 3, 1929. p. 33. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  41. ^ a b "M'Aneny is Slated for Sanitation Job — Mayor Is Expected to Appoint Him as One-Man Board When Schroeder Is Ousted — Political Gesture Seen — Naming of Ex-Transit Head Is Viewed as Bid for Support of Independent Democrats". New York Times. April 19, 1933. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  42. ^ "M'Aneny Accepts Sanitation Post — Independent Democrat and a Fusion Leader Does Not Plan to Sever Old 'Connections' — O'Brien Gives 'Free Hand' — Appointee Stresses Desire for Civic Service — Price and La Guardia Are Critical". New York Times. April 19, 1933. p. 19. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  43. ^ "M'Aneny is Named to Controllership — Gets Leave as Sanitation Head to Direct City's Finances Until January 1 — Will Not Change Force — Promises to Open Records to Public — Joins in Parley With Gov. Lehman". New York Times. September 30, 1933. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  44. ^ "O'Brien Defends Naming of Boyle — 'Will Stand Before the World' on Choice for Bench, Mayor Declares — Calls It Finest Possible — Avoids Query on Bar's Stand on Selection for the Children's-Domestic Relations Court". New York Times. p. 13. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  45. ^ "Goodrich Resigns Sanitation Post; Denounces Mayor — Calls LaGuardia 'Worse Than Unfair' — Refuses to Bow to 'Intimidation and Politics' — Won't Be Replaced Now — City Executive Is Silent on Attack — Renews Charge of Laxity in Bureau". New York Times. March 8, 1934. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  46. ^ "Col. Hammond Sworn as Sanitation Head — Acting Commissioner Succeeds Goodrich, Resigned — His Salary $10,000". New York Times. June 3, 1934. p. 2. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  47. ^ a b "Carey in New Post — Becomes Sanitation Chief and Hammond Gets Another Job". New York Times. May 27, 1936. p. 25. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  48. ^ "W.F. Carey Named to Hammond Post — Builder and Ex-Head of Garden Picked by Mayor to Take Over the Sanitation Department". New York Times. May 17, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  49. ^ "Carey Quits City Post — Sanitation Head's Resignation to Be Effective Jan. 1". New York Times. November 18, 1945. p. 30. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  50. ^ "O'Dwyer Names 18 As Aides, Warning: 'Make Good Or Go' — Gives His Commissioners and Bureau Heads 3 Months to Meet 'Team' Requirements — Sees Grave Tasks Ahead — Financial, Housing, School and Transit Problems Among the Most Urgent, He Declares". New York Times. December 31, 1945. pp. 1 and 28. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  51. ^ "Boss 'White Wing' Will Quit Life Job — W.J. Powell, Once Truck Driver, Became Chief in '45 — Recalls Big Christmas Snowfall". New York Times. November 30, 1949. p. 28. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
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  53. ^ "Screvane to Be Sanitation Chief; Will Succeed Mulrain March 1; New Commissioner Joined the Department as Driver — Will Earn $25,000". New York Times. February 1, 1957. p. 22. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
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  57. ^ Knowles, Clayton (December 14, 1965). "Officials, Present and Past, Give Mayor Warm Send-off — 30 Top Executives of City Will Retire at End of Year". New York Times. p. 47. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
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  60. ^ "Kearing is Named Sanitation Chief — Markets Commissioner Will Take Periconi's Post". New York Times. November 16, 1966. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
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  64. ^ a b Sibley, John (December 13, 1967). "Marcus Resigns City Water Post During Inquiry — Hogan Studying Former Role of the Commissioner in a Business Activity — 13th Appointee to Quit — Mayor Accepts With Regret and Sends Warm Letter to Friend and Confidant". New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
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External links

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