New Yogyakarta International Airport

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New Yogyakarta International Airport

Bandar Udara Internasional Yogyakarta Baru
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Indonesia
Operator PT Angkasa Pura I
Serves Yogyakarta Special Region
Location Kulon Progo Regency, Indonesia
Coordinates 7°54′27″S 110°03′16″E / 7.907459°S 110.054480°E / -7.907459; 110.054480Coordinates: 7°54′27″S 110°03′16″E / 7.907459°S 110.054480°E / -7.907459; 110.054480
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10,662.7 3,250 Concrete

New Yogyakarta International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Yogyakarta Baru) or NYIA or Kulon Progo Airport is an airport currently under construction at Teman district of Kulon Progo Regency, which will serve Yogyakarta Special Region, in Java, Indonesia. The airport will be operated by Angkasa Pura I.[1] The airport will replace Adisutjipto International Airport of Yogyakarta, which is currently over capacity. Although in mid-December 2018, the runway only finish 19 percent, but the target is in April 2019 will serve International Flights with 8,000 square meters of terminal, whereas Domestic Flights are still operate in the old airport.[2][3]

Development

Due to dispute over land acquisition, the construction work for the airport is delayed. As of December 2018, the construction of the airport's terminal was 40 percent complete and the runway was 19 percent complete, while the construction of other facilities were still underway. The new airport is initially expected to accommodate 15 million passengers annually upon completion. The airport will be developed in two phases,

  • In the first phase of development, the airport will have a terminal area of 130,000 square meters with a capacity of up to 15 million passengers per year and the runway will be 3,250 meter x 60 meter.[4] Total land area of the airport is about 645 hectare.[5]
  • In the second phase of development (2031-2041) the new airport terminal will be developed to 195,000 square meters that can accommodate up to 20 million passengers per year. The length of the runway will be extended by 350 meters to 3,600 meters and 45 meters wide with apron that can be parked up to 45 aircraft.[6]

Future plan also includes to turn the airport into an airport city integrated with industrial, and tourism area. The airport is designed to be resistant to earthquakes measuring up to 8.8 on the Richter magnitude scale as it was constructed in an earthquake-prone area, and will be equipped with tsunami mitigation facilities.[7] The first phase of airport project is expected to be fully completed by 2021.[8]

Controversy

40% of the land that will be used for the airport is classified as "Paku Alam (Sultan)" land while the rest belongs to local communities. The location is in Temon District between Congot Beach and Glagah Beach (which covers Palihan village, Sindutan village, Jangkaran village and Glagah village).[9][10]

Affected residents came to learn about the construction of NYIA in 2011. Dissemination of NYIA development was carried out by the Regional Government and related Offices, PT Angkasa Pura I, and the National Land Agency (BPN) of Kulon Progo Regency in 2014. The rejection of the affected people appeared on the mass media since the demonstration during the socialization took place. The reason people reject the NYIA is because the construction of the international airport will eliminate the land that is the source of their livelihood as farmers. They also claimed about environmental issues with the proposed site as well as issues of safety, due to the area being at high risk for tsunamis and other natural disasters.[11] In addition there are few historic as well as scared places for local community with the airport development area. The rejection of the NYIA development has begun since the establishment of the Wahana Tri Tunggal (WTT). Later some of its members formed the Community Association for Refusing Kulonporogo Evictions (PWPP-KP). Initially, the attitude of refusing unconditionally became the principle of the WTT towards the construction of the NYIA, until finally they accepted the construction provided that there was a reassessment of the assets of buildings, plants and other supporting facilities. Meanwhile, from the formation of the PWPP-KP until now, the attitude of refusing unconditionally still continues.[12] As of July 2018, there are 86 families who still refused to sell their land for the airport's development.[13]

On November 28, 2017, the Chairperson of the Indonesian Ombudsman requested a delay in emptying residents land because they were conducting an investigation regarding the possibility of maladministration in the process. National Human Rights Commission of Indonesia (Komnas HAM) said that the handling of citizens in the NYIA conflict area is relatively good compared to conflicts in many other areas with more complex levels of conflict.[14] At the same time, Human Rights Commission considers there are human rights violations that occurred and need not be done in emptying the land occupied by residents.[15]

Ground transportation

The airport planned to be connected to Yogyakarta city center via a toll road and railway line.[16] The train service will use existing rail track plus 4 kilometers new rail from Kedundang Station to Temon Airport. As the length of new rail track is short, it is expected the train will be ready when the airport is ready to operate.[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ "New airport to cater to more travelers in Yogyakarta". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  2. ^ Fajar Anjungroso (December 15, 2018). "New Yogyakarta International Airport Layani Penerbangan Internasional April 2019".
  3. ^ "Minister Upbeat NYIA Operative in April 2019". Tempo. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Kulonprogo Airport Project to be Sped Up". Tempo. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  5. ^ "Construction of toll road in Yogyakarta being reviewed: Minister". Antaranews. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  6. ^ "New Yogyakarta International Airport Bakal Jadi Bandara Termegah di Indonesia ?". Tribunnews. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Yogya's airport equipped with tsunami mitigation, quake resistance". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Tiga Akses Disiapkan Menuju Bandara Kulon Progo". Kompas. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Yogyakarta bakal Miliki Bandara Baru Seluas 637 Hektare". Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  10. ^ "Bandara Kulon Progo Siap Tiang Pancang". Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  11. ^ "Sosialisasi Bandara Kulonprogo Yogya Mulai Senin 8 September". Liputan 6. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  12. ^ "Manajemen konflik sosial pembangunan NYIA". jogja.antaranews.com. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  13. ^ "Last 86 families still fighting against Yogyakarta airport development to keep land". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  14. ^ "Warga yang Tergusur dari Lahan Bandara NYIA Sulit Diprediksi". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). 2018-07-27. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  15. ^ "Komnas Ungkap Catatan Buruk Pelanggaran HAM di Proyek NYIA Kulonprogo". Harianjogja.com. 2018-08-14. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  16. ^ "Angkasa Pura I to provide Rp 8T for new Yogyakarta airport". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  17. ^ "Kereta Api Layani Penumpang Bandara Kulon Progo Yogyakarta". Tribunnews. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
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