New Portland, Maine

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New Portland, Maine
Town
The Wire Bridge in New Portland
The Wire Bridge in New Portland
New Portland, Maine is located in Maine
New Portland, Maine
New Portland, Maine
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates: 44°55′0″N 70°4′16″W / 44.91667°N 70.07111°W / 44.91667; -70.07111
Country United States
State Maine
County Somerset
Area[1]
 • Total 44.23 sq mi (114.56 km2)
 • Land 43.88 sq mi (113.65 km2)
 • Water 0.35 sq mi (0.91 km2)
Elevation 449 ft (137 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 718
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 715
 • Density 16.4/sq mi (6.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 04954, 04961
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-49205
GNIS feature ID 0582622

New Portland is a town in Somerset County, Maine. It is perhaps best known for its Wire Bridge, a cable suspension bridge completed in 1866 that is the last remaining bridge of its type in Maine, and possibly the U.S. Much of North New Portland's Main Street burned to the ground in the fire of 1919, including a hotel. The annual town fair draws large crowds from around, and is held in September. The population was 718 at the 2010 census. The town was given to the residents of Falmouth (now Portland) by the Massachusetts legislature to repay them for their loss when the British fleet burned Falmouth in 1775.[4]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.23 square miles (114.56 km2), of which, 43.88 square miles (113.65 km2) of it is land and 0.35 square miles (0.91 km2) is water.[1] The town is situated on Route 27 adjacent to Kingfield and a short drive to the popular Sugarloaf ski resort. The Carrabassett River flows through the West New Portland village and East New Portland village, whereas the Gilman Stream flows through the North New Portland village. The Carrabassett River is rocky and in places swift, whereas Gilman Stream is a slower river, amenable to kayaking and canoeing.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 421
1820 817 94.1%
1830 1,214 48.6%
1840 1,620 33.4%
1850 1,460 −9.9%
1860 1,554 6.4%
1870 1,454 −6.4%
1880 1,271 −12.6%
1890 1,034 −18.6%
1900 913 −11.7%
1910 882 −3.4%
1920 840 −4.8%
1930 818 −2.6%
1940 765 −6.5%
1950 733 −4.2%
1960 620 −15.4%
1970 559 −9.8%
1980 651 16.5%
1990 789 21.2%
2000 785 −0.5%
2010 718 −8.5%
Est. 2014 708 [5] −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 718 people, 346 households, and 202 families residing in the town. The population density was 16.4 inhabitants per square mile (6.3/km2). There were 605 housing units at an average density of 13.8 per square mile (5.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.2% White, 0.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.1% Asian, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.3% of the population.

There were 346 households of which 20.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 4.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.6% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.58.

The median age in the town was 48.9 years. 16.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 38.2% were from 45 to 64; and 18.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 52.2% male and 47.8% female.

2000 census

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 785 people, 329 households, and 227 families residing in the town. The population density was 18.1 people per square mile (7.0/km²). There were 564 housing units at an average density of 13.0 per square mile (5.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.34% White, 1.27% Native American, 0.13% from other races, and 0.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.38% of the population.

There were 329 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $30,521, and the median income for a family was $35,284. Males had a median income of $26,354 versus $17,014 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,596. About 8.3% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

  • Joseph T. Copeland, Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court and general in the Union Army. Postmaster of New Portland from 1837.
  • Peter Percival Elder, politician, businessman, and newspaperman. Born in New Portland in 1823.
  • Geoffrey Shovelton, tenor opera singer and illustrator. Moved to New Portland in 2002.
  • Abram P. Williams, teacher, businessman, and US senator from California. Born in New Portland in 1832; died in 1911
  • Orrin J. Williams (1844-1913), businessman, mayor of New Richmond, Wisconsin, Wisconsin State Assemblyman

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  4. ^ Maine League of Historical Societies and Museums (1970). Doris A. Isaacson, ed. Maine: A Guide 'Down East'. Rockland, Me: Courier-Gazette, Inc. p. 385. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

  • New Portland's Official Website

Coordinates: 44°53′03″N 70°05′48″W / 44.88417°N 70.09667°W / 44.88417; -70.09667

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