New Jersey's 11th congressional district

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New Jersey's 11th congressional district
New Jersey's 11th congressional district (2013).svg
District map as of 2013
Current Representative Rodney Frelinghuysen (RMorristown)
Distribution
  • 93.49% urban
  • 6.51% rural
Population (2000) 647,258
Median income 79,009
Ethnicity
Cook PVI R+3[1]

New Jersey's 11th Congressional District is represented by Republican Rodney Frelinghuysen, who is not seeking re-election in 2018.[2] The district is centered in Morris County, with suburban settlements and a high per capita income. The territory is located in the area of the Watchung and Ramapo Mountains.

Prior to a redistricting in the early 1980s, the 11th was centered in Essex County. The congressional seat was held by Democrats for over 40 years. The redistricting, conducted under a Republican-dominated legislature, shifted the focus of the district to Morris County, whose population was dominated by Republicans. In 1984, Republican Dean Gallo defeated 22-year incumbent Democrat Joseph Minish. Since then, the district has been one of the most reliably Republican districts in the Northeast. The Democrats have not made a serious bid for the seat since Minish's defeat. However, in January 2018, Republican Representative Rodney Frelinghuysen announced that he will not seek re-election; the seat is now rated by leading political observers as a "toss-up" for the November 2018 election.[3][4]

The district from 2003 to 2013

Counties and municipalities in the district

For the 113th and successive Congresses (based on redistricting following the 2010 Census), the district contains all or portions of four counties and 54 municipalities.[5]

Essex County:

Bloomfield (part; also 10th), Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Montclair (part; also 10th), North Caldwell, Nutley, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell, West Orange (part; also 10th)

Morris County:

Boonton Town, Boonton Township, Butler, Chatham Borough, Chatham Township, Denville, East Hanover, Florham Park, Hanover, Harding, Jefferson Township, Kinnelon, Lincoln Park, Madison, Mendham Borough, Mendham Township, Montville, Morris Plains, Morris Township, Morristown Town, Mountain Lakes, Parsippany-Troy Hills, Pequannock, Randolph Township, Riverdale, Rockaway Borough, Rockaway Township and Victory Gardens

Passaic County:

Bloomingdale, Little Falls, North Haledon, Pompton Lakes, Totowa, Wanaque, Wayne and Woodland Park

Sussex County:

Byram Township, Hopatcong, Ogdensburg, Sparta Township and Stanhope

History

The 11th congressional district (together with the 12th) was created starting with the 63rd United States Congress in 1913, based on the results of the 1910 United States Census.

Frelinghuysen won re-election in 2006(62% to 37%) against Democrat Tom Wyka,[6] and in 2010 Frelinghuysen defeated the Democratic candidate, veteran Douglas Herbert, by a margin of 67% to 31%.[7][8]

2018 election

Mikie Sherrill, former Navy helicopter pilot and federal prosecutor, is the Democratic nominee. Assemblyman Jay Webber, currently representing the 26th legislative district, is the Republican nominee. Ryan Martinez, an attorney, is the Libertarian Party's nominee.[9]

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2016 President Trump 49 - 48%
2012 President Romney 52 - 47%
2008 President McCain 54 - 45%
2004 President Bush 58 - 42%
2000 President Bush 54 - 43%

Representatives

Representative Party Years District Home Note Counties/

Towns

District created March 4, 1913
John J. Eagan (New Jersey Congressman).jpg John J. Eagan Democratic March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1921 parts of Hudson (Guttenberg, Hoboken, North Bergen, Secaucus, Union City, Weehawken, West New York)
ArchibaldEOlpp.jpg Archibald E. Olpp Republican March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923 Secaucus
John J. Eagan (New Jersey Congressman).jpg John J. Eagan Democratic March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1925
Oscar L. Auf der Heide (New Jersey Congressman).jpg Oscar L. Auf der Heide Democratic March 4, 1925 – March 3, 1933 West New York redistricted to the 14th district
Peter A. Cavicchia (New Jersey Congressman).png Peter Angelo Cavicchia Republican March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1937 Newark redistricted from the 9th district parts of Essex (the Oranges and parts of Newark)
EdwardLONeill.jpg Edward L. O'Neill Democratic January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1939 [Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg Albert L. Vreeland Republican January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1943 East Orange
No image.svg Frank Sundstrom Republican January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1949 East Orange
Hugh Addonizio.jpg Hugh Joseph Addonizio Democratic January 3, 1949 – June 30, 1962 Newark Resigned after being elected Mayor of Newark
Vacant (June 30, 1962 – January 3, 1963)
Joseph Minishs.jpg Joseph Minish Democratic January 3, 1963 –

January 3, 1965

West Orange lost re-election in 1984 after redistricting
January 3, 1965 –

January 3, 1967

parts of Essex (Maplewood, the Oranges, Verona, and parts of Newark)
January 3, 1967 –

January 3, 1973

parts of Essex (Maplewood, the Oranges, and parts of Newark)
January 3, 1973 –

January 3, 1983

parts of Essex, Passaic (Little Falls and West Paterson),

and Union (Hillside)

January 3, 1983 –

January 3, 1985

parts of Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Morris, and Passaic
Dean Gallo.jpg Dean Gallo Republican January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1993 Parsippany-Troy Hills died parts of Essex, Morris, Sussex, and Warren
January 3, 1993 – November 6, 1994 Morris and parts of Essex, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex
Vacant (November 6, 1994 – January 3, 1995)
Rodney Frelinghuysen official photo, 114th Congress.jpg Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2003 Harding Incumbent
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2013 NJ11congressdistrict

Morris and parts of Essex, Passaic, Somerset, and Sussex

January 3, 2013 – parts of Essex, Morris, Passaic, and Sussex

References

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  2. ^ Salant, Jonathan D. (January 29, 2018). "Powerful Jersey Republican Frelinghuysen retiring after being weakened by Trump". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  3. ^ "2018 House Race Ratings". The Cook Political Report. March 8, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  4. ^ "Roll Call's 2018 Election Guide". The Economist Group. March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  5. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed November 6, 2016.
  6. ^ 2006 NJ-11 U.S. House Election Results, CNN.com, November 8, 2006
  7. ^ New York Times Election Results
  8. ^ 2010 NJ-11 U.S. House Election Results
  9. ^ New Jersey primary results accessed June 6, 2018 https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/06/05/us/elections/results-new-jersey-primary-elections.html
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Coordinates: 40°54′N 74°36′W / 40.90°N 74.60°W / 40.90; -74.60

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