New Jersey's 11th congressional district

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New Jersey's 11th congressional district
New Jersey's 11th congressional district (2013).svg
District map as of 2013
Current Representative Rodney Frelinghuysen (RMorristown)
Distribution
  • 93.49% urban
  • 6.51% rural
Population (2000) 647,258
Median income 79,009
Ethnicity
Cook PVI R+3[1]

New Jersey's 11th Congressional District is represented by Republican Rodney Frelinghuysen, who is not seeking re-election in 2018.[2] The district is centered in Morris County, with suburban settlements and a high per capita income; it is dominated by Republicans. The territory is located in the area of the Watchung and Ramapo Mountains.

Prior to a redistricting in the early 1980s, the 11th was centered in Essex County. The congressional seat was held by Democrats for over 40 years. The redistricting, conducted under a Republican-dominated legislature, shifted the focus of the district to Morris County, whose population was dominated by Republicans. In 1984, Republican Dean Gallo defeated 22-year incumbent Democrat Joseph Minish. Since then, the district has been one of the most reliably Republican districts in the Northeast. The Democrats have not made a serious bid for the seat since Minish's defeat. However, in January 2018, Republican Representative Rodney Frelinghuysen announced that he will not seek re-election; the seat is now rated by leading political observers as a "toss-up" for the November 2018 election.[3][4]

The district from 2003 to 2013

Counties and municipalities in the district

For the 113th and successive Congresses (based on redistricting following the 2010 Census), the district contains all or portions of four counties and 54 municipalities.[5]

Essex County:

Bloomfield (part; also 10th), Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Montclair (part; also 10th), North Caldwell, Nutley, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell, West Orange (part; also 10th)

Morris County:

Boonton Town, Boonton Township, Butler, Chatham Borough, Chatham Township, Denville, East Hanover, Florham Park, Hanover, Harding, Jefferson Township, Kinnelon, Lincoln Park, Madison, Mendham Borough, Mendham Township, Montville, Morris Plains, Morris Township, Morristown Town, Mountain Lakes, Parsippany-Troy Hills, Pequannock, Randolph Township, Riverdale, Rockaway Borough, Rockaway Township and Victory Gardens

Passaic County:

Bloomingdale, Little Falls, North Haledon, Pompton Lakes, Totowa, Wanaque, Wayne and Woodland Park

Sussex County:

Byram Township, Hopatcong, Ogdensburg, Sparta Township and Stanhope

History

The 11th congressional district (together with the 12th) was created starting with the 63rd United States Congress in 1913, based on the results of the 1910 United States Census.

Frelinghuysen won re-election in 2006(62% to 37%) against Democrat Tom Wyka,[6] and in 2010 Frelinghuysen defeated the Democratic candidate, veteran Douglas Herbert, by a margin of 67% to 31%.[7][8]

Upcoming election of 2018

Mikie Sherrill, former Navy helicopter pilot and federal prosecutor, is considered to be the front-runnner for the Democratic nomination to run in 2018.[2][9] On the Republican side, Assemblyman Jay Webber, currently representing the 26th legislative district, is considered the leading contender.[10] On March 24, 2018, Ryan Martinez, an attorney, was nominated as the Libertarian party's candidate for Congress.[11]

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2016 President Trump 49 - 48%
2012 President Romney 52 - 47%
2008 President McCain 54 - 45%
2004 President Bush 58 - 42%
2000 President Bush 54 - 43%

Representatives

Representative Party Years Note
District created March 4, 1913
John J. Eagan (New Jersey Congressman).jpg John J. Eagan Democratic March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1921
ArchibaldEOlpp.jpg Archibald E. Olpp Republican March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923
John J. Eagan (New Jersey Congressman).jpg John J. Eagan Democratic March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1925
No image.svg Oscar L. Auf der Heide Democratic March 4, 1925 – March 3, 1933 redistricted to the 14th district
Peter A. Cavicchia (New Jersey Congressman).png Peter Angelo Cavicchia Republican March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1937 redistricted from the 9th district
EdwardLONeill.jpg Edward L. O'Neill Democratic January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1939
No image.svg Albert L. Vreeland Republican January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1943
No image.svg Frank Sundstrom Republican January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1949
Hugh Addonizio.jpg Hugh Joseph Addonizio Democratic January 3, 1949 – June 30, 1962 Resigned after being elected Mayor of Newark
Vacant June 30, 1962 – January 3, 1963
Joseph Minishs.jpg Joseph Minish Democratic January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1985
Dean Gallo.jpg Dean Gallo Republican January 3, 1985 – November 6, 1994 died
Vacant November 6, 1994 – January 3, 1995
Rodney Frelinghuysen official photo, 114th Congress.jpg Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican January 3, 1995 – Present Incumbent

References

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Salant, Jonathan D. (January 29, 2018). "Powerful Jersey Republican Frelinghuysen retiring after being weakened by Trump". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 29 January 2018. 
  3. ^ "2018 House Race Ratings". The Cook Political Report. March 8, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018. 
  4. ^ "Roll Call's 2018 Election Guide". The Economist Group. March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018. 
  5. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed November 6, 2016.
  6. ^ 2006 NJ-11 U.S. House Election Results, CNN.com, November 8, 2006
  7. ^ New York Times Election Results
  8. ^ 2010 NJ-11 U.S. House Election Results
  9. ^ Hetrick, Christian (April 10, 2018). "Mikie Sherrill Raises $1.1 Million in First Quarter of 2018". Observer. Retrieved 10 April 2018. 
  10. ^ https://www.insidernj.com/bucco-decides-cd11-run-endorses-webber/
  11. ^ https://njlp.org/about/candidates
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Coordinates: 40°54′N 74°36′W / 40.90°N 74.60°W / 40.90; -74.60

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