New Freedom, Pennsylvania

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New Freedom
Borough
Former Pennsylvania Railroad Station, now a restaurant and museum on the York County Heritage Rail Trail County Park
Former Pennsylvania Railroad Station, now a restaurant and museum on the York County Heritage Rail Trail County Park
Location in York County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Location in York County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
New Freedom is located in Pennsylvania
New Freedom
New Freedom
Location of New Freedom in Pennsylvania
New Freedom is located in the US
New Freedom
New Freedom
New Freedom (the US)
Coordinates: 39°44′12″N 76°41′55″W / 39.73667°N 76.69861°W / 39.73667; -76.69861Coordinates: 39°44′12″N 76°41′55″W / 39.73667°N 76.69861°W / 39.73667; -76.69861
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County York
Settled 1783
Incorporated 1879
Government
 • Type Borough Council
 • Mayor Jeff Halapin
Area[1]
 • Total 2.08 sq mi (5.39 km2)
 • Land 2.08 sq mi (5.39 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation 643 ft (196 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,464
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 4,651
 • Density 2,234.98/sq mi (863.12/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip code 17349
Area code(s) 717
FIPS code 42-53568
Website New Freedom

New Freedom is a borough in York County, Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the borough had a population of 4,464.[3] Once an industrial/railroad town, the community has evolved into a mostly residential town.

History

New Freedom Borough is located in the southern portion of York County, Pennsylvania. The borough borders the Mason-Dixon line and was incorporated in 1873. Originally named “Freedom” for the Free family, there was another town already in existence with that name, so New Freedom was chosen as the official name.[4]

People of German, English, and Scotch-Irish descent settled the area. The rich, fertile soil provided a comfortable living for farming and agricultural opportunities. Summers Canning Company operated in the town for years, canning the freshest harvests and then shipping the final products. Summers Canning Company was sold to Hanover Foods in 1984.[5] A mural depicting scenes from the Summers Canning Company is displayed on a building along the York County Heritage Rail Trail.

The Northern Central Railway was a primary factor for early growth of the town. The rail service established a vital means of commerce and transportation until Hurricane Agnes in 1972 destroyed much of the rail line and bridges in York County.

Located 30 miles north of Baltimore, Maryland and 38 miles south of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania the town is changing from an area of commerce and minor industry to a commuter community.

Geography

New Freedom is located at 39°44′12″N 76°41′55″W / 39.73667°N 76.69861°W / 39.73667; -76.69861 (39.736703, -76.698541).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 324
1890 364 12.3%
1900 550 51.1%
1910 726 32.0%
1920 906 24.8%
1930 1,125 24.2%
1940 1,137 1.1%
1950 1,271 11.8%
1960 1,395 9.8%
1970 1,495 7.2%
1980 2,205 47.5%
1990 2,920 32.4%
2000 3,512 20.3%
2010 4,464 27.1%
Est. 2016 4,651 [2] 4.2%
Sources:[7][8][9]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 3,512 people, 1,296 households, and 1,031 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,711.8 people per square mile (661.5/km²). There were 1,340 housing units at an average density of 653.1 per square mile (252.4/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.53% White, 0.77% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.48% of the population.

There were 1,296 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.1% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.4% were non-families. 16.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the borough the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $66,458, and the median income for a family was $70,319. Males had a median income of $46,563 versus $31,576 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,828. About 1.3% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Community

Section of the York County Heritage Rail Trail that runs through New Freedom.

The York County Heritage Rail Trail cuts through the center of New Freedom. The trail, which was established in 1992, runs from just south of New Freedom 21 miles (34 km) north into the city of York. The trail also connects to 20-mile-long (32 km) Northern Central Railroad Trail in Maryland, heading south from the Mason-Dixon line.

Some popular places in New Freedom include Rutters (the most famous gas station), Seven's Sports Bar, Paesano's pizza shop, Bonkey's ice cream shop, Hodle Tavern, Rail Trail Café.[citation needed]

Popular seasonal events in New Freedom include:

  • The New Freedom Lions Club Carnival, held annually in July since the 1930s
  • The Annual New Freedom Fest held the third weekend of September, a revival of the New Freedom's Farmers Improvement Fair that was held this same weekend in the early 1900s for many years
  • Outdoor Movie Night held three times each summer where families can gather with their blankets and lawn chairs and enjoy a classic movie.

Currently, a new community park is being built in the middle of town, which will be known as the "Freedom Greene."

The Leviathan, a replica of Abraham Lincoln's funeral train, in New Freedom

New Freedom teens attend Susquehannock High School and Southern Middle School, part of Pennsylvania's Southern York County School District, as well as private schools including Shrewsbury Christian Academy, York Catholic High School, or York Country Day School. In 2010, St. John the Baptist opened a new Roman Catholic Parochial School in the New Freedom borough.

New Freedom is home to the D. Landreth Seed Company, which is the oldest seed company in America.[citation needed]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), New Freedom borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
  4. ^ New Freedom Heritage Foundation, Compiled Video Exhibition on the History of New Freedom. 2010, New Freedom Museum.
  5. ^ https://bwsummers.wordpress.com/2013/12/10/summers-one-hundred-years/ Additional history of the Summers family and canning company.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  8. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.

External links

  • Borough of New Freedom official website
  • New Freedom Heritage Organization
  • Steam Into History
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