New Caledonia wattled bat

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New Caledonia wattled bat
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Chalinolobus
Species: C. neocaledonicus
Binomial name
Chalinolobus neocaledonicus
Revilliod, 1914
Synonyms
  • Chalinolobus gouldii neocaledonicus Revilliod, 1914

New Caledonia wattled bat (Chalinolobus neocaledonicus) is a species of vesper bat (family Vespertilionidae) in the genus Chalinolobus. It is found only in New Caledonia.

Taxonomy

The New Caledonia wattled bat was first described by Swiss naturalist Pierre Revilliod in 1914. It is commonly considered a subspecies of Chalinolobus gouldii, but evidence for synonymy is weak.[2] Its species name "neocaledonicus" comes from Ancient Greek néos meaning "new" and the New Latin rendering of "Caledonia," caledonicus; the species name refers to New Caledonia where this species is found.[3]

Description

It is a small species of bat, with a head and body length of only 50.5 mm (1.99 in). Its forearm is 35.3 mm (1.39 in) long, and its tail is 33 mm (1.3 in) long. Its ears are relatively long, at 12 mm (0.47 in)[3] Its dental formula is 2.1.2.33.1.2.3, for a total of 32 teeth.[4]

Range and habitat

It is one of nine species of bat found in New Caledonia. It is among the three species of bat endemic to the territory.[4]

Conservation

It is considered endangered by the IUCN. It meets the criteria for this assessment because its area of occupancy is less than 500 km2 (190 sq mi), there are fewer than six known localities of occurrence, and its habitat is declining in quality and extent.[1]

Sources

  1. ^ a b Brescia, F. (2008). "Chalinolobus neocaledonicus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T4420A10868334. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T4420A10868334.en. Retrieved 8 November 2017. 
  2. ^ Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder, ed. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. 2. JHU Press. p. 484. ISBN 9780801882210. 
  3. ^ a b Revilliod, P. (1914). "Les mammifères de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et des Îles Loyalty". Nova Caledonia. Forschungen in Neu-Caledonien und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. 1: 355–357. 
  4. ^ a b Hand, Suzanne J; Grant-Mackie, Jack A (2011). "Late-Holocene bats of Mé Auré Cave, New Caledonia: Evidence of human consumption and a new species record from the recent past". The Holocene. 22: 79. doi:10.1177/0959683611409783. 


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