Neuengamme

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Neuengamme
The memorial tower at the former Neuengamme concentration camp.
The memorial tower at the former Neuengamme concentration camp.
Neuengamme is located in Germany
Neuengamme
Coordinates: 53°25′50″N 10°14′01″E / 53.43056°N 10.23361°E / 53.43056; 10.23361Coordinates: 53°25′50″N 10°14′01″E / 53.43056°N 10.23361°E / 53.43056; 10.23361
Country Germany
State Hamburg
City Hamburg
Borough Bergedorf
Area
 • Total 18.6 km2 (7.2 sq mi)
Population (31.12.2016)
 • Total 3,691
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes 040
Vehicle registration HH

Neuengamme (About this sound German pronunciation ) is a quarter of Hamburg, Germany, located in the Bergedorf borough, near the river Dove Elbe (a tributary of the river Elbe). In this rural quarter, part of the Vierlanden, the population in 2016 was 3,691.

During Nazi Germany, Neuengamme concentration camp was located in Neuengamme.

Geography

Neuengamme is located in the southeastern part of Hamburg. In 2007 the quarter had a total area of 18.6 km².[1]

Neuengamme about 1790 (Historical map of Gustav Adolf von Varendorf)

History

From December 1938 through May 1945, the concentration camp at Neuengamme (German: Konzentrationslager Neuengamme) had more than 106,000 inmates—including all sub camps—almost half of them died.[2][3]

Demographics

In 2010, 3,479 people were living in Neuengamme quarter. The population density was 168 people per km². 17.7% were children under the age of 18, and 20.2% were 65 years of age or older. 2.3% were immigrants. 54 people were registered as unemployed.[1]

Education

In 2007, there were no schools in Neuengamme.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Residents registration office, source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2007)
  2. ^ "Konzentrationslager Neuengamme" (in German). KZ-Gedenkstätte Neuengamme. Retrieved 2008-10-12. Insgesamt wurden im KZ Neuengamme nach gegenwärtigen Erkenntnissen über 80 000 Männer und mehr als 13 000 Frauen mit einer Häftlingsnummer registriert; weitere 5 900 Menschen wurden in den Lagerbüchern gar nicht oder gesondert erfasst.[…]Vermutlich mehr als die Hälfte der 100400 Häftlinge des Konzentrationslagers Neuengamme haben die nationalsozialistische Verfolgung nicht überlebt. 
  3. ^ "Neuengamme". USHMM. Retrieved 2008-10-12. In all, more than 50,000 prisoners, almost half of all those imprisoned in the camp during its existence, died in Neuengamme before liberation. 

References

  • Statistical office Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein, official website (in German)

External links

  • Webpage of the memorial Neuengamme, retrieved 19 August 2009


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