Nepalese provincial elections, 2017

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Provincial assembly elections were held in Nepal on 26 November and 7 December 2017 along with the legislative elections. 330 seats in the seven newly created provincial assemblies were elected by FPTP and 220 by PR. The election was part of Nepal's transformation to a federal republic.[1]

Electoral system

The 550 members of the provincial assemblies will be elected by two methods; 330 will be elected from single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting and 220 seats will be elected by closed list proportional representation for parties gathering more than 1.5% of the votes.[2] Each voter will get separate ballot papers for the two methods.

Eligibility to vote

To vote in the general election, one must be:[3]

  • on the electoral roll
  • aged 18
  • a citizen of Nepal
  • of sound mind
  • not ineligible as per federal election fraud and punishment laws

Timetable

The key dates are listed below

19 August Last day to register to be on electoral roll[4]
21 August Cabinet announces election date
27 August Last day for party registration at Election Commission[5]
30 August Election code of conduct starts
14 October Tenure of Legislature parliament ends
15 October Parties submit preliminary closed list for proportional representation
22 October Candidate nomination for first phase of first past the post
2 November Candidate nomination for second phase of first past the post
19 November Closed list for proportional representation finalized and published
26 November Election day (first phase) – polling centres open 07:00 to 17:00
7 December Election day (second phase) – polling centres open 07:00 to 17:00

The first phase of the election was carried out on 26 November 2017 in 32 mountainous and hilly districts.[6] The counting of the votes of the first phase will also only begin once the second phase is conducted.[7]

Results

Overall

Summary of the 2017 Nepalese provincial election results
Party FPTP PR Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist) 168 2,938,584 32.58 75 243
Nepali Congress 41 2,869,418 31.81 72 113
CPN (Maoist Centre) 73 1,325,048 14.69 35 108
Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal 24 447,787 4.96 13 37
Rastriya Janata Party Nepal 16 432,591 4.80 12 28
Rastriya Prajatantra Party 0 203,586 2.26 3 3
Bibeksheel Sajha Party 0 198,649 2.20 3 3
Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Democratic) 0 92,601 1.03 1 1
Naya Shakti Party, Nepal 2 88,199 0.98 1 3
Rastriya Janamorcha 2 64,424 0.71 2 4
Nepal Majdoor Kisan Party 1 57,185 0.63 1 2
Nepal Federal Socialist Party 0 37,179 0.41 1 1
Sanghiya Loktantrik Rastriya Manch 0 26,282 0.29 1 1
Others 0 237,764 2.64 0 0
Independent 3 3
Total 330 9,019,297 100 220 550
Source: Election Commission of Nepal

Province 1

Province 1 Assembly 2018.svg
Party FPTP PR Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist) 36 673,709 38.79 15 51
Nepali Congress 8 586,246 33.76 13 21
CPN (Maoist Centre) 10 206,781 11.91 5 15
Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal 1 70,476 4.06 2 3
Rastriya Prajatantra Party 0 57,342 3.30 1 1
Sanghiya Loktantrik Rastriya Manch 0 26,123 1.50 1 1
Others 0 115,945 6.68 0 0
Independent 1 1
Total 56 1,736,622 100 37 93
Source: Election Commission of Nepal

Province 2

Province 2 Provincial Assembly 2018.svg
Party FPTP PR Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Nepali Congress 8 370,550 24.11 11 19
Rastriya Janata Party Nepal 15 318,524 20.72 10 25
Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal 20 284,072 18.48 9 29
CPN (Unified Marxist-Leninist) 14 249,734 16.25 7 21
CPN (Maoist Centre) 6 182,619 11.88 5 11
Nepal Federal Socialist Party 0 32,864 2.14 1 1
Others 0 98,808 6.42 0 0
Independent 1 1
Total 64 1,537,171 100 43 107
Source: Election Commission of Nepal

Province 3

Province No. 3 Provincial Assembly 2018.svg
Party FPTP PR Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
CPN (Unified Marxist-Leninist) 42 677,317 35.81 16 58
Nepali Congress 7 559,249 29.57 14 21
CPN (Maoist Centre) 15 316,876 16.75 8 23
Bibeksheel Sajha Party 0 124,442 6.58 3 3
Rastriya Prajatantra Party 0 59,268 3.13 1 1
Nepal Mazdoor Kisan Party 1 41,610 2.20 1 2
Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Democratic) 0 28,855 1.53 1 1
Naya Shakti Party, Nepal 1 23,958 1.27 0 1
Others 0 59,731 3.16 0 0
Total 66 1,891,306 100 44 110
Source: Election Commission of Nepal

Province 4

Province No. 4 Provincial Assembly 2018.svg
Party FPTP PR Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
CPN (Unified Marxist-Leninist) 17 373,501 39.04 10 27
Nepali Congress 6 364,797 38.13 9 15
CPN (Maoist Centre) 9 119,528 12.49 3 12
Naya Shakti Party, Nepal 1 24,625 2.57 1 2
Rastriya Janamorcha 2 19,376 2.03 1 3
Others 0 54,992 5.75 0 0
Independent 1 1
Total 36 956,819 100 24 60
Source: Election Commission of Nepal

Province 5

Province No. 5 Provincial Assembly 2018.svg
Party FPTP PR Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
CPN (Unified Marxist-Leninist) 28 533,613 33.10 13 41
Nepali Congress 7 530,844 32.93 12 19
CPN (Maoist Centre) 14 239,281 14.84 6 20
Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal 3 78,567 4.87 2 5
Rastriya Janata Party Nepal 0 54,110 3.36 1 1
Rastriya Janamorcha 0 32,546 2.02 1 1
Others 0 143,219 8.88 0 0
Total 52 1,612,180 100 35 87
Source: Election Commission of Nepal

Province 6

Karnali Provincial Assembly 2018.svg
Party FPTP PR Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
CPN (Unified Marxist-Leninist) 14 169,755 34.35 6 20
CPN (Maoist Centre) 9 162,003 32.78 4 13
Nepali Congress 1 117,298 23.74 5 6
Rastriya Prajatantra Party 0 15,629 3.16 1 1
Others 0 29,477 5.97 0 0
Total 24 494,162 100 16 40
Source: Election Commission of Nepal

Province 7

Province No. 7 Provincial Assembly 2018.svg
Party FPTP PR Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
CPN (Unified Marxist-Leninist) 17 295,729 37.38 8 25
Nepali Congress 4 260,955 32.99 8 12
CPN (Maoist Centre) 10 142,702 18.04 4 14
Rastriya Janata Party Nepal 1 36,902 4.66 1 2
Others 0 54,784 6.93 0 0
Total 32 791,072 100 21 53
Source: Election Commission of Nepal

See also

References

  1. ^ "Nepal elections explained". Retrieved 2017-12-14. 
  2. ^ Article 84 Constitution of Nepal
  3. ^ 6 & 23, Electoral Roll Act, 2017, Act No. 23 of 2 February 2017 (in Nepali). Retrieved on 5 September 2017.
  4. ^ "प्रेश विज्ञप्ति" [Press release] (Press release) (in Nepali). Kathmandu: Election Commission. Retrieved 2017-09-03. 
  5. ^ "दल दर्ता गर्न आयोगमा ९५ वटा निवेदन". Gorkhapatraonline. Gorkhapatra Sansthan. Retrieved 3 September 2017. 
  6. ^ "EC puts preliminary voter turnout of first phase polls at 65 per cent". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  7. ^ "Nepal elections: 'A significant achievement'". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 

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